Writing and speaking assignments


MY SELF PORTRAIT: In the context of a school correspondence, each person writes a first letter to their correspondent. Each student describes their physical and character to introduce themselves.
1 / Preparatory work
- Make an inventory of everything that characterizes you.
- Physical description: height, weight, eye and hair color, special features, ...
- Character: list of your qualities and shortcomings
= candor, cheerfulness, seriousness, speed, kindness, courage, ... = anger, sensitivity, selfishness, laziness, ...
- Your favorite flavors and activities
2 / Organization of the work
- Group all elements of your self-portrait.
- Choose an order of presentation.
- Write three paragraphs.
- End with a conclusion to summarize the impression you want to give of yourself.
3 / Reread, evaluate and correct
- Give as much importance to character traits as to physical description. - Add some photos or drawings if necessary.
- Avoid the verbs “to be” and “to have”. Choose more precise verbs.

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1. Argue

Television often organizes debates. These discussions make it possible:
-to express personal opinions
-to think about something
-to listen to the views of others
-to test one's own ideas with those of others
In order to take a stand, one must first write his ideas
to be able to clarify the arguments FOR and AGAIN afterwards.
Exercises:
My name is Alain, I was invited to the US this summer. My parents are scared
to let me go that far alone.
1 / Here are 3 arguments AGAINST that are put forward by Alain's parents
brought. Always find an argument for refuting their position.
- You don't speak English well enough to get by.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
- You've never traveled alone before.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________

- You said you didn't like English in school.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________

2 / Find 2 arguments FOR or AGAINST on the following topics:
The protection of nature

IN FRONT OF                                                                             AGAINST

1)....................................                                                     3).....................................

2)....................................                                                     4).....................................

Forced child labor

IN FRONT OF                                                                                 AGAINST

1)....................................                                                     3).....................................

2)....................................                                                     4).....................................

Violence on television

IN FRONT OF                                                                                 AGAINST

1)....................................                                                     3).....................................

2)....................................                                                     4).....................................

3 / Here are 3 arguments to encourage you to do your homework at home. How would you respond to each argument?
- Homework helps you remember what has been learned.
________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________
- Working from home offers the possibility to work with the parents. ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________
- Working from home does not take up much of your free time.
________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________
4 / You want to watch a movie on television that you like. What are you going to tell your parents to give you consent?
________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________
5 / You want a classmate to loan you an electronic game that you are very interested in. Find arguments to convince him.
________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________

2. Analyze / write a fairytale
Traditional stories or fairytales can be recognized by the presence of a number of elements:
- the presentation of the hero / heroine (or heroes): the king's son and Julia for example
- the definition of the quest or mission: They want to get married.
- the obstacles and dangers encountered: The king opposes marriage and imprisons his son.
- the helpers and their powers: A fairy helps Julia. She turns flowers and leaves to gold.
- the evil characters who can resist the hero / heroine's quest
- usually a happy ending: celebrating the marriage of young people
The story often begins with common and familiar sentences: - Once upon a time ...
- A very long time ago …
Usually the main character is introduced at the beginning of the story and his problem or lack is explained.
For example: The lord of a mountain region had a problem, a serious problem!
Exercises:
1 / Classify the beginning of the stories into the following 2 categories: We don't know who the main character will be. / We know who the main character will be.
a. A father had two sons.
b. Once upon a time there was a young shepherdess, beautiful and very sweet.
c. Once upon a time there was a king who had three sons.
d. It was when the beasts were talking. e. Once upon a time there was a rag doll.
f. Henry was a good boy, outspoken and brave.
We don't know who will be the main character
We know who the main character is

2 / Introduce the heroes of these stories by describing some of their character traits.

a)

b)

c)

d)

e)

f)

3 / Picture the following heroes and remember their problem. Find a continuation at the beginning of each story.
Once a fisherman and his wife lived in a small cabin.
________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________
4 / Imagine in a few lines the beginning of the following stories in accordance with the ending described.
- The evil brothers were arrested and put to death at the hour of truth, while the prince married the beautiful princess and became heir to the throne.
________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________
- The rats disappeared from the ship and have never been seen since. ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________

5 / Imagine a story based on the following situation:
The king's daughter is sick. Her father decides to give her in marriage to whoever can find a way to heal her.
________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________
3. Conducting an interview
- The interview is usually a conversation with a person from the artistic, sports, political or scientific world who is asked to get to know him / her better or to get information about his / her profession and to publish this information in the press.
- Just like the report, the interview contains an introduction and a conclusion. - For questions, the most used tense is the present tense, but the future tense can also be used.
Interview questions should be varied, interesting and appropriate: - to the personality and situation of the interviewee
- to the readers who will read the interview


Exercises:
1 / The interview
- Write an introductory sentence to introduce one of the characters (1) - Write the first question (2)
- Write the last question of the interview: the conclusion (3)

a) a television presenter
_________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________
b) an athlete
_________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________
c) a lottery winner
_________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________
2 / Write one question for each of the following presentations.

3 / Write the questions that correspond to what the interviewee says. - We test a lot of video games in every show.
 ______________________________________________________________?

- When I was 10 years old I was a very wise child.
______________________________________________________________?
- I speak fluent English.
______________________________________________________________?
- To practice this sport, you have to train.
 ______________________________________________________________?
- I compose my songs while traveling.
 ______________________________________________________________?


4 / Ask questions like in the following model:
Example: There are risks associated with this sport. Do you think so too?

- Your restaurant is well known.
 ______________________________________________________________?

- At the age of 24 you are manager of a clinic.
 ______________________________________________________________?
- It's the premiere of your show in 15 days.
 ______________________________________________________________?
- You have an impressive record collection.
 ______________________________________________________________?


5 / Write down five questions you would like to ask your favorite singer (es). ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________


6 / Write down five questions you would like to ask an imaginary character (Santa, Dracula, Batman, ...).

_ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________

 


4. Characters in action
To present the characters in action in a vivid way, verbs are used that precisely express these actions. They can be specified by means of additions or adverbs.
For example: Grandma was knitting.
She has knitted meticulously all day long, she really is one
busy Bee.
Exercises:
1 / Describe the gestures of a teacher taking care of an injured child in the playground using the following verbs:
approach, view, disinfect, comfort, encourage, ... ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________


2 / Describe in a few sentences the movements and actions of a cat

is looking for a sparrow and tries to catch it.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________


3 / Present in a few sentences the departure of a student for school: his or her actions and the way in which he or she carries them out. You can also write about yourself of course!
________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________

5. Make a sporting report

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My sport (s):

1 / Assignment:
Follow a sporting event on the field, on television or in the newspaper and write an article about it.

2 / Research in newspapers:
- Search the newspapers (daily, weekly, sports newspaper) for articles about sports events (football, cycling, athletics, tennis, ...).
- Compare titles, presentations, content.
- Pay attention to the composition of the articles.


3 / Organization:
- Choose the event or match.
- Make notes.
- Don't forget to be precise and accurate.
- As a class, share the notes you took and choose which ones will be used for the article
- Look for a sensational or humorous headline.
- Indicate the conditions of the match (the weather, the condition of the terrain, the composition of the teams, the number of spectators).
- And the results?


4 / “Final check-up”
- Check that the athletes or teams in competition are well presented.
- Check the spelling of the proper names (names of cities, countries, players). Don't forget the capital letters.
- Check that no important event of the match has been forgotten. - Try to write as objective a report as possible.

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6. Exercises for making a report
A press article gives a brief account of current events in the news. The title always tries to draw attention.
To make an article more lively, you can quote (in quotation marks) the words of the interviewees.
A report usually includes:
- an introduction that situates the topic and presents the essential information - a development in different parts (sometimes with subtitles) - a conclusion (perspectives, questions, wishes, ...)
The time of a report is usually the present.
Exercises:
1) Find a concise, comprehensive title each time for the following information.
The FIFA World Cup was a great success for South Africa. By organizing this tournament, South Africa has proven to the rest of the world that the divided population has found peace.


________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________
Animals will travel better. A new European law prohibits the transport of animals for more than eight consecutive hours. Only adult cows can travel longer: they can make two trips of 14 hours each.


________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________
2) Give a title to the following text and create a short interview.
On June 20, around 4 a.m., the inhabitants of Belgium and Northern France were surprised in their sleep and a bit shaken up. That night has


a minor earthquake occurred. The earthquake did not cause any damage. Fortunately, most people who were awakened during their sleep got rid of it.


________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________
Interview:
________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________

7. Learn to take notes / notes
To take notes, we write down key words and interesting figures, we organize them clearly: strengths, weaknesses, ...
We don't make sentences, but:
-Write down the headings and subdivisions clearly
-use math symbols: = + - <> =>
Exercises:
1 / Find the word that can be used as a subtitle.
Example: The female can have 4 to 5 young. Reproduction The sea turtle can live up to 100 years old.
________________________________________________________________

She composes her menu based on her yacht at sea. ________________________________________________________________

he female lays a hundred eggs on the beach in a hole.
________________________________________________________________
It adapts very well to the temperature of the seas it crosses.
________________________________________________________________


2 / Translate sentences into mathematical abbreviations and symbols.
The Seychelles tortoise is smaller than the common tortoise.
________________________________________________________________

The emperor penguin can jump up to two meters high.
________________________________________________________________

The royal tiger is the second largest predator after the bear.
________________________________________________________________

The royal tiger can travel 20 km in one night.
________________________________________________________________

3 / Find a common title for these texts and convert them into a note.
The squid or sepia is a mollusk. After laying, the female hangs her eggs on the plants.

She can lay up to 500 eggs this way. Each egg is shaped like a small lemon, but it is completely black!
________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________
The dogfish is a type of shark. It is a small shark covered in brown spots. Each egg laid by the female is packed in a rectangular horn capsule.
________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________
Mind maps: write down easily and efficiently
Why take notes in a mind map?
Mind maps help you take more meaningful and efficient notes than traditional note formats. Rather than mindlessly transcribing to what you hear, mind maps help you extract the essence of the information and write it down in the form of keywords and short sentences. Using colors, images and a graphical structure, the mind map brings rankings and connections between individual notes at a glance.
Mind mapping is the most commonly used format for creative brainstorming sessions because it helps generate new associations.

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8. One verb, many topics: linguistic wealth
Using multiple subjects for a single verb gives an impression of richness and linguistic diversity.
An example:
In the savannah, many small animals are the food of the Nambikwara.
In the savannah, larvae, spiders, grasshoppers, rodents, snakes and lizards are the food of the Nambikwara.
Exercises:
1 / Complete the following sentences with three additional subjects:
- France, _________________________, _________________________ are part of Europe.
- Judo, _________________________, _________________________ are my favorite sports.
- Mice, _________________________, _________________________ are rodents.
2 / You enter a bakery. Write a sentence with multiple topics for a single verb to introduce the different cakes / pastries.
________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________
3 / In a nightmare you are chased by strange creatures. Describe, emphasizing the number and variety of these creatures.
________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________

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4 / Use different topics for a single verb, write a sentence with:
- farm animals
________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________

- orchestral instruments
________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________


5 / Write a sentence with multiple subjects for a single verb to present the following:
- the delicious smells of the kitchen
________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________
- the sounds of a playground
________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________
- the flowers of a garden
________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________


6 / You have discovered a suitcase full of toys. Describe it in two or three sentences with multiple subjects for one verb.
________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________

9. Poëzie / Poetry / Poetry
The dunce by Jacques Prévert (1900-1977)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P4wLy7e-L7U
He says no with the head
But he says yes with the heart
He says yes to what he likes
He says no to the teacher
He is standing
We are questioning him
And all the problems are posed
Suddenly he felt a crazy laugh come over him
And he erases the whole thing
The numbers and the words
Dates and names
The sentences and the traps
And despite the master's threats
Under the boos of child prodigies
With chalks of all colors
On the blackboard of misfortune
He draws the face of happiness.
This very famous little poem is built around the semantic field of the dunce, the bad student.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dffxhJSWhSM&gl=BE
Are you sometimes a dunce?
________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________

Now it's up to you to write a short text, a poem around a keyword (war, the supermarket, the city, the computer, the French, the gangster, the tramp, the hitchhiker, the president, etc. .).

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1. Complete:
For me, poetry
it is ….............................................. .................................................. ....... ... .......................................... .................................................. ................... ... .............................. .................................................. ...............................
2. Poetry is a literary genre written in verse or prose (free form of poetry) and the importance of which is given to form. The author of a poem puts his emotions on paper and shares them with the reader.

3. A classic poem is always separated into stanzas. In each stanza, there are several lines. Each line is made up of feet. A foot is the name given to a syllable in a poem. Each line ends so as to form a rhyme with one or more lines of the same stanza.


4. Rhymes can be:
* flat (AABB)
I'm waiting for spring (A)
for so long (A)
that I will be relieved (B)
when it arrives. (B)
* crossed (ABAB)
The young lady (A)
sitting on this bench (B)
is so sure of herself (A)
that it scares people. (B)
* kissed (ABBA)
Rumors from the garden say it's going to rain (A)
Everything flinches, warned of the next shower (B)
And you who no longer read, on your book leaning on your elbows (B)
Do you pity the loved one who cannot see you? (AT)


5. The poem can be:
* a sonnet (4 stanzas: two quatrains and two tercets)
* a calligram (a drawing linked to the message of the poem)
Recognize yourself
This lovely person is you
Under the big boater hat
Eye
Nose
The mouth
Here is the oval of your face
Your exquisite neck
Here is finally the imperfect image of your adored bust
seen as through a cloud
A little lower, your heart beats
Guillaume Apollinaire
1915
(Poems to Lou)

* a hook (the first letters of each line form a new word when read vertically)

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6. Your turn!
Invent a poem, a calligram or a
hook ...

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7. Poetry and the senses ...
What are the five senses?
a) ____________________________________________
b) ____________________________________________
c) ____________________________________________
d) ____________________________________________
e) ____________________________________________


When I see
I
When I hear
I
When I feel
I
When I taste
I
When I touch
I

10. The telephone conversation: oral assignment
Leave a message on an answering machine in groups of two. One student interprets the voice of the answering machine, the other student leaves a message. Then the role reversal with new messages.


a) You must cancel / reschedule a doctor's appointment for private reasons.
b) You call the organizers of a quiz show because you want to participate. You leave a message with your wishes and preferences and your contact details.
c) You want to meet your boyfriend (or girlfriend) at a certain time in a certain place and suggest something to do.
d) You warn a friend that according to the forecast it will rain tomorrow and that the beach trip is in danger. You propose something else.
e) You have to leave by train tomorrow morning, but the TV news announces transport strikes. You desperately call the railways, but no one answers. You are leaving a very angry message.
f) You bought something by mail order and you didn't get what you wanted. You call the company and explain your case. You also leave your contact details.
g) You call a friend who let you down and you are angry because you waited an hour.
h) The elevator in the building broke down. You call the company and leave a message for the fourth time.
i) You ask a friend to help you prepare a surprise party for someone. Explain an idea that you have thought of.
j) Call your best friend's mom to wish her a happy birthday and explain why you're late for the party.

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11. At the museum: invent and tell a story
Use your imagination: Look at the following photos and choose one.

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The cheater
(Georges de La Tour)
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The Raft of the Medusa (Théodore Géricault)
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The fruit seller
(Alfred Courmes)
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The Abduction of the Sabine Women (Louis David)
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The Toilet of Venus
(Francois Boucher)
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A Sunday afternoon on the Île de la Grande Jatte (Georges Seurat)

Describe the scene with your neighbor and imagine a story from the painting.
For example, you can tell what is in the painting before and after the scene
happened / will happen, you can change the character of the people depicted
describe, etc.

Au Musée des Beaux-Arts
Discuss with your neighbor which art you like using the following sentences:
-For me art is something that ...
-I especially like images that ...
-I prefer exhibitions where ...
-What I like most are museums that ...
-I know several artists, including ...

Now discuss painting by answering the following questions:
1. Do you prefer modern paintings or older paintings? Put
from.
2. Which painters do you know? Which do you prefer? Why?
3. Which exhibitions have you seen in a museum? True?
Look at the following paintings.

-What does each painting represent?
-What is the style of the painting?
-What colors are used?
-Which painting (s) do you prefer?
-Why do you prefer it?
- Which one do you not like at all? Explain.

Discuss the paintings with the whole class.

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Redskin sorcerer Léautaud
(Jean Dubuffet)
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The inspiration of the poet
(Nicolas Poussin)
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Room in Arles (Vincent Van
Gogh)
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The Breaking  
Wave 
(Kanagawa)
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Prisms
electric
(Sonia Delaunay)
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The creation of
the man
(Marc Chagall)

12. Prepare / organize a trip
a) Take notes
Do not write complete sentences. Try to do original things when traveling.
You only have two days and you want to have fun. Also think about the meals
and especially what you want to do in the morning, in the afternoon and in the evening.
Where will you spend the nights? Do you prefer a hotel or a youth hostel? What do you expect from the hotel room? How many beds do you need?
Do you want a room with a street view, etc.?
What do you want to do during your stay? Visiting museums? Going to the theater? Dinner in a four-star restaurant? Make a list of five interesting things you want to do.


b) Make plans
After you talk about what you want to do, make plans. You leave next weekend: you leave on Friday and return on Sunday evening.
You travel by train: it is more convenient and cheaper. What time does your train leave? And when will it arrive? How long does the journey take?
Prepare a list with all information about museums and exhibitions, restaurants, performances, monuments, etc.
Discuss your plans with the whole class now!
c) After your visit: You describe your weekend.
Imagine one aspect of your trip / stay was great and the other one disaster. Make up details and use your imagination.
For example, you can check the train journey, the hotel, what you saw and did, whether you had fun, etc. discuss.

Compare Your Trips: Which trip was the most disastrous? Which was it funniest?

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