TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER 1: Work, money and teenagers
Grammatical exploitation: The adverb


CHAPTER 2: Happiness and love
Grammatical exploitation: The present subjunctive


CHAPTER 3: Holidays
Grammatical Exploitation: The Undefined


CHAPTER 4: Reflection and thought
Grammatical exploitation: Complex tenses


CHAPTER 5: The grammar of the text
Grammatical exploitation: Connectors


CHAPTER 6: The shows
Grammatical analysis 1: Double pronouns personal
Grammatical Exploitation 2: The prepositions of verbs


CHAPTER 7: Nature and the environment
Grammatical exploitation: relative pronouns

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CHAPTER 1: Work, money and teenagers

To speak is to grow...

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_1tDXyqQWV8

Money does not buy happiness, but it contributes to it.
What does this proverb mean to you? To what extent does this proverb reflect the relationship
between money and happiness?

a) Classify the following words in the table.
to live in precariousness - to be wealthy - to spend a lot - to be penniless - to have the
means (of) - to be in need - to be helpless

                             +                                                                                    -
have an easy / comfortable situation                                        to be indigent / needy
live in an upscale / chic neighborhood                                      missing something
be annuitant / live on pensions                                                    be content with little
………………………………………………… ..           ………………………………………………….
………………………………………………… ..           ………………………………………………….
………………………………………………… ..           ………………………………………………….
                                                                                       deprivation / depriving oneself of something


b) Find the word and its definition.
1. contentment                         a) the very strong desire for money and wealth
2. greed                                     b) the insufficiency or absence of what is necessary
3. the lack                                  c) concern
4.the concern                            d) the desire to devour or own something
5. greed                                    e) the state of someone who desires nothing more, who is satisfied with                                                              what he has

c) Fill in the blank text.
hitchhiking - integrate - sharing - recovery - exchanges - initiatives - cultivated - consumption - collective - swapped - deposit
At the age of 19, a young student from Brussels decided to go on strike_______________________ for one year. Throughout this year she has_______________________ (ruilen) her skirts and pants in purses of ’ _______________________ of clothes, ______________________ the earth to make grow your potatoes in a garden ______________________ and left___________________ spend a holiday in a squat in Barcelona.______________________ are multiplying based on the economy of ______________: food __________________________ websites, "stores" where everything is
free. In Brussels, a "book tree" allows ___________________ workswhich we no longer want and draw (je keuze maken) our new reading desires.Today, the young student seeks ______________________ in her daily life what she learned during this year.

Oral exercise
Share your opinion.
1 / Can we be happy without money?
2 / Can money buy everything, even happiness? Choose one of the themes below
to answer the question and explain your point of view.

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3 / Does money determine our access to happiness from childhood?

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Pocket money
My name is Marie and I am 16 years old. I am a student and I earn pocket money.

Every month I get 25 € and sometimes my grandmother gives me a 20 € bill or
a few pieces. My parents think it's good to have pocket money as well
I am learning to manage my money. I agree with them. So I become more
responsible and autonomous!
If I want to go shopping with my friends or buy a book for example it's
possible.
I like to buy, but I also save money. It's important for my future!
But I have a few friends who don't get pocket money. And you ?

 


1 / Does Marie earn pocket money?


2 / What is Marie's opinion about pocket money?


3 / Do you think it's important for today's young people to save money? Justify your answer.


4 / How do you get your pocket money?

5 / How do you get pocket money (family, job, etc.)?

6 / How could you get pocket money?

7 / What do you do with your pocket money? Explain.

8 / What would you do with your pocket money?

9 / Are you a big spender or a big saver?
And do you have to buy EVERYTHING with your pocket money?

10 / Could you do without pocket money? Explain.

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Why donate pocket money?


Some children earn it when they get a good grade in school or in exchange for a service provided at home (gardening, cleaning, etc.). Others receive it regularly, every week or every day, or more exceptionally for their birthday orfor New Year's gifts.


Pocket money teaches you the value of things, how to calculate and manage a budget. But... managing your pocket money is complicated when the stores are full of temptations.


How to use it ?
To use your money, you have several options:


donate - spend - debt - lend - save - savings booklet
……………………. …………………: it is to give money in exchange for a product or a service
……………………. ……………….: it is to make a reserve of money


How? 'Or' What ? Deposit your money in your piggy bank or in the bank if you have a
                                               ……………………. ……………………………………
……………………. ………………… ..: it is to donate money to a charity
                                                                 or give money to a homeless person for example
……………………. ………………… ..: if someone borrows money from you, the amount
                                                                that he owes you is called a ……………………… ...


Manage your money well


You dream of showing off in front of your friends with the new Mégafunmax pen that flashes and
play music …


Do you really need it? We quickly tire of the latest trendy gadget! Think about
before you spend your money.


Don't get fooled by all the advertisements and promotions: their purpose is to get you to
buy this or that product.

A song by MC Solaar
Give me foie gras, I don't want to eat pork
This is how the infants of the Northern Quarter                              zuigelingen speak
On top of that, they don't give a damn about 4.40                  niets geven om / beurs
And their only currency is called 50/50                                         lijfspreuk / elk de helft
Don't speak of love to the young people of the                                flatgebouw tower
Unless you have a symposium on the theme in Singapore
Three star hotel and no cocktail trap                                                        verraderlijk
When there is too much class, they say: "Fuck the snow"
It's not to bother you but the city is full of fixed-term contracts *
In addition there is more work and the guys are exceeded                      geïrriteerd
Their career plan: breaking down doorbreken barriers
Be as wide as a Bavarian illuminated                                           een verlichte uit Beieren (rijk)
Talk about cars, adventure girls
Manicure, pedicure, pure gold based varnish
They don't want this verse anymore
Money don't buy happiness, they wanna try


Pure gold based varnish
Money can not buy happiness
Money can not buy happiness
Pure gold based varnish


"Money does not buy happiness" said the corrupt                                         corrupt
"But he contributes to it" he said with an outstretched finger                       bijdragen
The gadjos answer "you're barjo"
In the parking lot they want the vlug geld willen                                           deposit fund
In the airy center, the kids to play                                                             nursery / kinderen
Want Mini-Austin station wagons, baccarat, convertible                                      cars
More studded tires for riding on the dunes                                            spijkerbanden
The distraught parents, answer: "You will have one"                                       radeloos
What gets on my nerves at the end of the millennium op by                     zenuwen werken
It is that the whole earth resembles the primary primary era                           tijdperk
Tomorrow if I have my first job
I take EuroStar to pay me hard John Lobb                                                    schoenen
Dream of exponential consumption                                                 zeer snel toenemend
The pathos is the stuff, the lauds are material
And don't even try to sing to them
That money doesn't buy happiness, they want to test
* CDD = fixed-term contract,
usually short: 1, 2, 3 or 6 months

 

 

 

 

a) Find the explanation for the words slang. Combine the two columns.
1. snow                                               a) the material
2. the job                                            b) a young man
3. a guy                                               c) cocaine
4.a girl                                                d) friends
5.a gadjo                                            e) work
6. barjo                                                f) a woman
7. the gear                                         g) crazy
8. lauss                                               h) a man

b) Complete this short summary.


The singer notes that the whole earth has become ………………………………… ..


Everyone dreams of ……………………………………………………………………………… ..


They no longer believe that ……………………………………………………………………….


They want first …………………………………………………………………………… ..


c) Small exercise on French slang: Connect correctly.

1. the money / the dough / the wheat               a) it sits on dry seed
2. the pennies / the balls / the money               b) he's broke
3.the note is salty                                                 c) the cents, the pennies
4.he is broke                                                         d) the bill is peppery
5.it is dry                                                                e) he is stingy
6. he is tight                                                           f) the dough

The vocabulary of money (and business)


1. Complete the following sentences by giving the correct indefinite article (a / a).
1. I gave him ………… leather wallet.
2. He doesn't have ……………. penny.
3. He showed me …………. sample of his new product.
4. Undertaking such business was …………. fiasco!
5. This is …………… unusual.
6. They have ………… large stock in this warehouse.
7. Here is ………… merchandise that sells very well.


2. Connect verbs with their complement.
1. make                             a. an announcement
2. do                                  b. An order
3. cost                               c. bankruptcy
4. cancel                           d. a fortune
5.insert                              e. on sale
6. put                                 f. service


3. Take the gender of the words into account when matching adjectives.
1. I find your travel expenses very ………………………………… .. (high).
2. Their income is not ……………………………………. (sufficient).
3. He made a profit ………………………………………. (important) these last years.
4. She prefers to buy brands …………………………… .. (known).
5. We offer our employees salaries …………………………… .. (interesting).
6. His debts are so ………………………………… .. (heavy) that he cannot never repay them.
7. This year, we were able to do ……………………………… .. (seriously) savings.
8. Its resources are not …………………………………………. (sufficient) for live without worrying.

4. Complete the following sentences by translating the words in parentheses.
1. More and more Belgians …………………………………… ... (investeren) to abroad.
2. This lady wears a very …………………………………… (kostbaar) ring.
3. I prefer to buy a jewel less ………………………………… .. (kostelijk).
4. He went to the bank for …………………………………. (innen) this check.
5. Are you talking about price …………………………… ..... (netto)?
6. When can you ……………………………………. (verzenden) this package?
7. The rents are much more ………………………………… (hoog) in ………………………………………. (from hoofdstad).
8. We can guarantee ………………………………. (een dienst) after-sales.
9. Do you have enough …………………………………. (kleingeld) on you?
10. If you don't have one, I can help you …………………………………. (lenen).
11. There is yet another solution: …………………………………… .. (wisselen) vos
Bank notes.
12.Either way, you have no shortage of ……………………………… (geld).

5. Choose the correct word and adapt if necessary.


1.finance / financial
Euroindustries is a ………………………………… .. group of which several companies.
The bank has ……………………………… .. a large part of the operation.


2.borrow / lend
Banks are willing …………………………… .. much of the money that I need.
As my capital is not very large, I had to ……………………………………


3.the capital / the capital
He does not have ……………………………………. necessary for investments.
Rome is ……………………………………. from Italy.

4.the merchant / haggler
In Morocco, all traders are ……………………………………… ..
My grandfather was …………………………………… in hats.


6. Write the correct preposition.
    1. He still owes thirty euros ………… his sister.
    2. Since he made this inheritance, he lives ……………… his pensions.
    3. The little girl exchanged her teddy bear ……………………. a doll.
    4. As it is …………… retirement now, he has much more time to take care of the garden.
    5. This man is enjoying …………… .. his newfound freedom.
    6. Have you insured these jewels …………………. the flight ?
   7. Some businessmen take private trips …………… .. at the expense of their society.
   8. I received a new device …………… exchange for the one that no longer worked.

 


Teens


What are young people looking for?


What do their parents want?


Why is the deal sometimes difficult ?

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Use the words from the list:


seek to please
get noticed
to highlight
dare to differentiate
blossom
create an identity
comply with the rules
enforce
be part of a group
to blend in
be afraid of the eyes of others

 


Tell personal stories using the phrases in the following box:


feel ridiculous                                               be fashionable                                              to be ashamed
feeling overwhelmed                                 being plugged in                                      being embarrassed
to feel grotesque                                        to be in conflict                                         to be incompatible

Oral exercise
Pick a situation and improvise your speech.
1 / You are a teenager who demands more freedom from one of your parents to
weekend outings. You try to find arguments to convince this parent resistant to this idea.


2 / Your child wants to study in a field very different from yours. But you want him to take over your business then you try to convince him.

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Written exercise


Describe the relationship you have with your parents and grandparents now

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Describe the relationships you would like to have with your children in the future and what you want to put in place to prevent a ditch from widening

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Adolescence: a literary extract from Chateaubriand


No sooner had I returned from Brest to Combourg than made a revolution in my life; the child
disappeared and the man showed himself with his joys which pass and his sorrows that remain.
(François-René de Chateaubriand, Memories of Outretombe)


Chateaubriand compares adolescence to a revolution.
What do you think of this analogy?


At first everything became passion with me, while waiting
the very passions. When after a dinner
silent where I had dared neither speak nor eat, I
managed to escape, my transports were
incredible; I could not go down the steps of a
only deal: I would have rushed. I was forced
to sit on a step to let calm down
my restlessness; but as soon as I reached the
Green Court and the woods, I would start running,
to jump, to jump, to dress, to rejoice until
that I fall exhausted of strength, throbbing, intoxicated
of frivolity and freedom.

 


1 / According to the author, what is the first symptom of adolescence?


2 / Do you agree with the enthusiasm and agitation that Chateaubriand describes to characterize
adolescence? Why ?

My father took me hunting. Tast of the hunt grabbed me and I carried him to the  fury; I still see the field where I killed my first hare. It often happened to me in the fall of remain four or five hours in the water until the belt, to wait at the edge of a pond for wild ducks; even today i am not in cold blood when a dog comes to a halt. However, in my first eagerness to hunt, he entered an independence fund, cross the ditches, survey the fields, the marshes, the heather, me find with a gun in a deserted place, having power and loneliness was my way of being natural. In my races, I pointed so far that,
no longer able to walk, the guards were obliged to bring me back on intertwined branches.


1 / Describe the author's passion.
2 / Chateaubriand introduces the notion of independence. How important do you think
of this notion for adolescence?

However the pleasure of the hunt was not enough for me more ; I was agitated by a desire for happiness that I do not could neither regulate nor understand; my mind and my heart ended to form like two temples, empty, without altars and without sacrifices; we didn't know still what God would be worshiped there. I was growing near of my sister Lucile; our friendship was our whole
life.

1 / What new ideas on adolescence is Chateaubriand introducing?
2 / Analyze the comparison made by the author. What do you think ?
3 / At the end, the author mentions the importance of friendship and the presence of a companion
during the change of adolescence. What do you think ?


Lucile was tall and remarkably beautiful, butserious. His pale face was accompanied by long dark hair ; she often attached to the sky orlooked around her full of sadness or fire. His walk, his voice, his
smile, there was something dreamy and suffering. Lucile and I were useless. When we were talking about the world, it was the one we were carrying inside us and which hardly resembled the real world. She saw in me her protector, I saw her as my friend. He took access to her black thoughts that I had difficulty dispelling: to seventeen, she lamented the loss of her young years; she wanted to be buried in a cloister. Everything was worry, sorrow, hurt: a expression she was looking for, a chimera that she had tormented her for months on end. I often seen her, one arm thrown over her head, dreaming motionless and inanimate; withdrawn to her heart, her life ceased to appear outside; even her breast does not raised more. By his attitude, his melancholy, his dilapidated, she looked like a funeral genius.
I tried to console her then, and the moment according to, I fell into despair inexplicable.


1 / What characterizes the adolescence of Lucile, Chateaubriand's sister?
2 / Do you think that the melancholy and the sad reverie of which the author speaks are real components of adolescence?
3 / Is Chateaubriand's vision of adolescence linked to a time when does it transcend the historical context? Why ?


The delirium lasted two whole years, for which the faculties of my soul reached at most high point of exaltation. I spoke little, I did not speak more ; I was still studying, I threw the books there; my taste for solitude redoubled. I had all the  symptoms of a violent passion; my eyes are were digging; I was losing weight; I no longer slept; I was distracted, sad, ardent, fierce. My days flowed in a wild, bizarre way, senseless, and yet full of delight.

1 / In your opinion, what is the delirium that the author is talking about?
2 / What paradoxes highlight this passage?
3 / This vision of chimerical and devastating love is it common in adolescence?

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What a vision of adolescence this image
does it reflect?


Can this image agree with the adolescent as described to us?
Chateaubriand?

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Using a monolingual dictionary
Give a definition for each word.


fury                               ............................................


melancholy                  ............................................


ardor                            ............................................


agitation                     .............................................

Puberty or the crisis of adolescence

Tell a memory where
teenager, you had
difficulty managing your
emotions

Have the adults around you been a help or an obstacle to this time?
How do you express your feelings during adolescence?

The adolescent crisis is the set of disorders (mood swings, defiant attitudes, opposition to parents, excessive behavior, etc.) in relation to the phase of transition from childhood to adulthood that is adolescence.


It is a crisis occurring during a period of life when uncertainty is present. The physical changes that occur in adolescents contribute to an imbalance, causing questions about sexuality, death,...


The adolescent crisis is frequent in Western societies. This passage corresponds to a period of confrontation but also of identification and adhesion.


The reality of the adolescent crisis is often admitted without a critical mind; But a few rare authors call it into question radically and clearly affirm purely social origin constructed

1 / What is the adolescent crisis?
2 / According to you, why is the adolescent crisis so frequent only in western societies?
3 / In your opinion, is the adolescent crisis a necessary step in life?
4 / What are the external factors that can increase or decrease a crisis of adolescence?


Choose one of the notions related to adolescence and explain the importance it has in your adolescence.

misunderstanding                                         the conflict
integration                                                    discomfort

Grammatical exploitation: The adverb

How do we say in French ?
-This trash can is lightweight.
Cette poubelle ne pèse pas
........................................
-These girls sing right / out of tune.
Ces filles chantent
.................................................. ..
-You have to write straight.
Tu dois écrire
.................................................. .....
-You have to keep your straight.
Vous devez vous tenir
...............................................
-This meat doesn't smell fresh.
Cette viande ne sent pas
............................................
- These flowers are expensive.
On paie ces fleurs
.................................................. .....
-That smells nice / bad.
Ça sent ............................. /
..................................
-They see their ideas clearly.
Ils voient leurs idées
.................................................. .
-He speaks loudly. / He calls out loud.

He speaks .................... / He shouts
..................................
-Wij moeten hard werken.
We have to work
.................................................
-I moet die kast hoog opheffen.
You have to raise this cupboard very
.....................................

The adjective is used:                                        The adverb is used:
-with a name / noun:                                          -with a verb:
He's a driver                                                       He drives dangerously.                     
dangerous.                                                         -with an adjective:
-with "to be / to seem /                                     He is very dangerous.
appear ":                                                            -with another adverb:
He is dangerous.                                               He drives very dangerously.

a) simple adverbs: often, sometimes, quickly, a lot, yesterday, ...
b) adverbs formed from an adjective: the feminine of the adjective + -ment

c) for adjectives that end in -i: we form the adverb on the masculine singular + -ment

d) for adjectives ending in -ant and -ent:  -ant and -ent -antly and -ently

e) Some irregular shapes:


good → good
bad → bad
kind → kindly
brief → briefly

 


Exercises on the adverb
1. Give the adverb (derived from the adjective).


1. a. It's a bad book.
    b. Magritte speaks .............................. French.
2. a. This dog is dangerous: he bites.
    b. My son drives ............................................... ........
3. a. This cat is very sweet.
    b. Mom talks… ...... …… ................................ to her baby.
4. a. Greenpeace is an ecological organization.
    b. To protect the planet, we must live ... ......................................... .........
5. a. This summer there are extreme temperatures.
    b. The level 4 of this game is ........................................... ............ difficult.

 


2. Adjective or adverb.
- full                             We translate this text …………… ....................................... .........
- interesting                I love this movie. It is ................................................ ..........................
- same                         My sisters are ……………………… .................................... ...........
- calm                         Women eat ………………… ...................................... ........
- slow                          Caroline walks …………… ......… ........................ towards her son.
- good                        These young girls are dancing …………… ........... ………… ......................
- probable                  This news is ............................................. ...................... true.
- nervous                    The presenter speaks …………………………… ................................
- simple                      The teacher explains ……………… ........................... the problem.

- official It's a party ………………………… ................................. ..............

 


3. Combine logically.
1. His sister-in-law opens                                              a. really smart.
2. These flowers are                                                      b. elegantly.
3. Thomas drinks                                                           c. her coke slowly.
4. Two plus two is four, that's                                       d. fluent in French.
5. By this reaction, I see that Jeanine is                      e. very different.
6. Julien speaks                                                             f. sometimes violent.
7. She is afraid of her little brother because he is      g. cautiously the little gift.
8. On the podium, Axelle Red moves                         h. obvious.

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4. Adjective or adverb?
1. The clothes are ............................................. ..................... (elegant)
2. My mother drives ............................................. .............. /… .................................. .... (fast)
3. Michael does his homework ............................................ ................ (correct)
4. I find this story ............................................ ................. (boring)
5. Who is behind this ........................................... .. tree ? (tall)
6. That falls ........................., I don't have time now. (bad)
7. Can you ask this ........................................... .......... the next time ? (polished)
8. But, look! He has it .............................................. ............. made ! (true)
9. It was a ............................................ .................. note, that! (false)
10. The TV news gives us ........................................... ........... information. (daily)

CHAPTER 2: Happiness and love


Karaoke: Another Night (Céline Dion)


A photo, a date
It is not to believe it
Yet it was yesterday, my memory would lie
And these children's faces, and mine in this mirror
Oh, it's not to complain, that you have nothing to fear
Life has spoiled me so much, I find it hard to turn it off
Oh my God, I've had my share
And much more in so many ways
But when we live too beautiful, too strong, we forget the passage of time
As we lose our north a little in the middle of too vast spaces
Barely time to get used to it, barely we have to leave the place
Ô if I could
Another evening, another hour
Another tear of happiness
A favor like a flower
One breath, one mistake
A bit of us, a bit of everything
To tell each other again or to shut up
A look, just a postponement
Barely yet, even though it's late
If I liked asking nothing, that's not the sea to drink
Come on, facing eternity, it won't even show
It will stay between us, oh just a slight delay
There are so many who kill time
As long as they lose it or spend it
So many who lie to each other inventing dreams
In moments of grace
Oh I give my place in paradise
If I am forgotten on Earth
Again yesterday
Chorus
Barely yet, I know, it's late
It's not much, just a break
May time, the clocks rest
And stroke just a kiss, a kiss
Another evening, another hour, a little bit of us, a little bit of everything, one evening

Make up a sentence with the following words:
happiness                                cheerfulness                                   joy                                       satisfaction
serenity                                    well-being                                      balances                             pleasure
success                                    harmony                                         vitality                                  strength


What do you think ?
To be happy, you have to...


       a) practice a sport
      b) learn another language
      c) make new friends
      d) appreciate nature
      e) change your wardrobe
       f) forget the problems

to be / live in harmony (with)
to be / to live in harmony (with)
to enjoy life
blossom
follow your dreams
set goals / objectives
succeed in life

Put the letters back in order.
1 / For myself NRISTE NEIB, I SOIBEN to see my LILFMAE often.
2 / It is POITTMRAN to continue to EREMLVEILRE to be HXUUEER.
3 / The NHBUOER is to be RLBEI.
4 / The ÉRISUEST is a great reward, SIAM you need VLILAARTRE hard to get there.

Connect the propositions.


1. I live in harmony with nature                             a) even if his family is far away.
2. She works a lot                                                   b) in order to achieve its objectives.
3. He encourages his daughter                             c) despite all the gifts of life?
4. She is fulfilled                                                     d) so that she does what she loves.
5. Can we be unhappy                                           e) to feel good.

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Oral exercise
What are the greatest joys in your life?


What was the happiest day of your life?


What was the happiest time of your life?


The lexical field of happiness
a) Find the generic term for each category. Choose between:
surprise - embarrassment - joy - disgust - regret


I'm crazy / crazy with joy!
I am glad) !
I'm happy) !
I am happy!
I find it great

I find that incredible!
I am surprised) !
I'm surprised) !
I can't believe it surprises me!

 


I'm sorry.
I'm sorry, it disappoints me.
I'm sorry.
I'm disapointed.

 


I hate.
I hate this.
It disgusts me.
I do not support.

 


I dare not.
I am shy.
I am confused.
I am embarrassed.

 


b) Choose the right adjective.
1 / Amélie doesn't like her gift, she is ...
           [ ] disappointed     [ ] embarrassed
2 / Martin loves his gift, it is ...
           [ ] happy                 [ ] sorry
3 / Louise doesn't know if she can open her gift, she is ...
           [ ] surprise              [ ] shy
4 / Hélène did not choose the right gift for her friend, she is ...
           [ ] sorry                   [ ] delighted

5 / Leo did not receive the present he expected, he is ...
           [ ] sorry                   [ ] happy  


c) Answer the questions.
1 / What makes you the happiest?
2 / What memories do you have of the period before Christmas?
3 / Do you prefer to give or receive gifts?
4 / What is the best gift you have received and given?
5 / What would you like to receive for your next birthday?


d) Imagine what you will say in these situations.


Your aunt gives you a T-shirt you already have.
A friend gives you a gift that is very expensive and makes you really happy.

Find the expression and its definition
1. Swimming in happiness                   a) make a person happy
2. Make someone happy                     b) a small object that brings good luck
3. Bring someone good luck               c) feel really very happy
4. Random luck                                    d) have a favorable influence on itsto come up
5. Not knowing your happiness          e) said of someone who complains (then that its situation is                                                                     privileged)
6.a lucky charm                                     f) at random, anyhow

Superstitions


Like everyone else, the Belgians and the French maintain superstitions, that is to say beliefs - serious or less serious - based on positive meaning or negative of certain situations.


According to the common definition, a superstitious person is one who sees positive or negative signs in certain facts. 


White or black, good or bad, good or bad, ... many small facts can "carry happiness "or" bring bad luck ". It is useful to know them, in order to avoid clumsiness cultural embarrassing or, on the contrary, in order to please.


Place the expressions in the correct category:
go under a ladder - touch wood while making a wish - find a four-way clover leaves - open an umbrella in a house - hang a horseshoe above the door - breaking a mirror = 7 years of misfortune - breaking white glass - seeing a ladybug fly away - light three cigarettes with the same match - see a rainbow - when the 13 of the month is a Friday - come across a black cat at night

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A song by Christophe Maé: It's up to you!


children - notes - sleeve - candle - pretense - circus - party - follies - faults - friends


Where is happiness, where is it? Where is he ? (2x)
I made love, I made the ……………………………… ..
I was waiting to be happy
I made songs, I made ……………………………… ..
I did the best
I made the face, I made ……………………………… ..
We do as we can
I played the fool, it's true; I did the ……………………………… .., yeah!
I thought I was happy
But, there are all those evenings without ……………………………… ..
When no one rings and comes
These Sunday evenings in the fleet
Like a jerk in his bath
Trying to drown it, but it floats
This fucking grief
So I sing my best notes to myself
And it will be better tomorrow
Refrain / There is happiness, it is there. He's there.
I courted, I did my ……………………………… ..
I was waiting to be happy
I played the clown, it's true and I did nothing
But it's not getting better
I did good, I did ……………………………… ..
We do as we can
I did ……………………………… .., I had giggles, yeah
I thought I was happy
But, there are all those Christmas evenings where we smile politely
To protect from cruel life
All those children's laughter
And those empty chairs that remind us
What life takes from us
So, I sing my ……………………………… .. the most beautiful
It was better before
Chorus
It's a ……………………………… .., happiness
Don't laugh too hard by the way
You risk turning it off
We want happiness, we want it, yeah!
Everyone wants to reach it
But it makes no noise, happiness, no, it makes no noise
No he does not
It's stupid happiness, yeah, because it's often after we know it was there

]

Love: Create your own tag cloud

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Come back my love (Marc Lavoine)
First, I lost ___________ language
And then I lost ___________ keys
Then I lost ___________ north, ___________ head ___________ summer evening
I lost ___________ address and then I lost ___________ soul
I lost ___________ way
I lost in advance, I lost ___________ war
I lost ___________ sense of humor, ___________ business
And then I lost ___________ memory, I lost ___________ smile
The day I lost ___________ father
I lost in the lottery
Oh come find me
Come back my Love
For ten found
I only have one love
So, I lost ___________ youth
And then I lost my confidence
I lost ___________ poker, I lost ___________ consciousness
I lost ___________ beauty, ___________ taste, ___________ touch
I lost ___________ papers, I lost ___________ identity
I lost ___________ reason, I lost ___________ house
I lost rightly or wrongly
I lost ___________ childhood
And then I lost you
I have lost ___________ loved ones
I have life left
I lost in the lottery
Chorus

Symptoms of love (a short film)
A very worried young man will consult a specialist in poetic literature for him talk about the strange symptoms he feels when in contact with a woman... listening and analyzing the problem, only to find out that these are the symptoms of love!


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cki1P3wsJ4A
love symptoms
   -to have some...
   -feel...
   - want to...
   - have a hard time...
   -have the…
   -to have…
   -not have...

What advice does a literary specialist have in order to "fall in love"?
1 /
2 /
3 /
4 /

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The perfect man should be tall, dark and muscular. He must love animals, have humor, and be ambitious.


Celine


The ideal woman should be pretty and smart but above all not shy. She should love sport.


Sylvain

a) Write down the criteria for the ideal partner in the text.
b) What elements are important to you?

My name is Sophie, I am 26 years old, I live in Brussels. I measure 1m65. I am calm and very optimistic.
I like to laugh. I love to cook, I can spend hours preparing dishes. I do not support animals, they scare me!
Sophie's description in a dating site:
I would like to find someone who looks like me. I would like him to live near my house, I  don't want long distance relationship.    The man of my dreams must be kind, respectful and have a good sense of humor. The look I do not care. I hope to find great love!

Summarize Sophie's description:
   - physical and moral description
   -what she likes and dislikes
   -his expectations
   -its criteria


Like Sophie, make a few sentences to introduce yourself and say what kind of
person you are looking for.

Oral exercise


What do you think of these expressions?
Looks like,
s
Assemble.
The opposition
s
Attract.
Give your opinion by providing examples.


Written exercise
Write your description:
     - physical and moral description
     - what you like and dislike
     -your expectations
     -your criteria

To express your expectations
I would like to
I would like
I wish that
To express your criteria
It is necessary / should that
He / she must / should
To say we don't care
I don't care that
It makes me neither hot nor cold that
It is not important that
I don't care that

The chansigne


The chansigne is a song choreographed in sign language, in other words a song where the lyrics are not sound but visual and danced.


An example...
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k2n9tDAn7SU
 


Forbidden love


1. Do you know the magical couples in (literary) history who are known for their adultery, infidelity or prohibited love? Complete the frame using the names from the list.


Tristan and Yseult - Abélard and Héloïse - Paul and Virginie - Tony and Maria (West Side Story)
- Romeo and Juliet - Lancelot and Guinevere (The Knight of the Cart) - Paolo Malatesta and Francesca da Rimini (The Divine Comedy)

2. Here is the tomb of .......................................................................................... that can be found at the Père Lachaise cemetery in Paris.

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3. Do you know how to name the following lovers?

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4. Do you know of any other tragic love stories?
.................................................. .................................................. ............................................
.................................................. .................................................. ............................................
.................................................. .................................................. ............................................
.................................................. .................................................. ............................................
5. In these stories, it is about female infidelity (there is a cuckold husband) or a passion irresistible between two lovers who belong to two clans in conflict.


Do you know how and where the following romantic stories unfolded?
Try to fill in the following box.

6. Do you know the end of the following "cursed lovers"?

7. What about you? Describe your ideal man or woman.
.................................................. ..................................
.................................................. ..................................
.................................................. ..................................
.................................................. ..................................
.................................................. ..................................
.................................................. ..................................
.................................................. ..................................
.................................................. .................................
.................................................. ..................................
.................................................. ..................................
.................................................. ..................................

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Grammatical exploitation: The present subjunctive
Let's start with a rebus!


a) If you are                ………………………………, you must not                         go out /


kinds / are released; but it would be good if you

……………………………………………………………… .......................... .......... …………… ...

In addition, …………………………………………………… .. that you are taking medication

 

and that you                         drink / drink / drink hot milk and honey; I


… ..... …………………………………… .. you owed / owed / should


…………………………………………. the most possible !


b) You are ………………………………. ?


It is essential that you ………………………………………… .. friends and I think


that you owe / owe / should ……………………………………… .. the most

possible. I also think it would be a good idea that you go / go / go


you …………………………………………… new clothes.

You could go to the hairdresser …………………… .......... ………… he


……………………. the hair. It is ……………………… ........ that you eat / make /


have a good meal. It is possible that you …………………………………………… ..........


better if you ……………………………………………………… .........… ................ .......!

The use of the subjunctive
When we express a certainty or a fact, the indicative mode is used after expressions of opinion like:


I think that
I affirm that
I think
It is certain that
It's clear that
It's obvious that
It is true that
It is likely that

 


Conjugate verbs at the appropriate tense.


1 / We are convinced that he _______________ (be) late.
2 / I believe that she _______________ (having passed) her exams.
3 / You are convinced that this _______________ (going to) fail.
4 / You know that we _______________ (be) proud of you.
5 / They hope he _______________ (arrive) soon.
6 / He noticed that she _______________ (wearing) a beautiful dress.
7 / I imagine that you _______________ (go) do the shopping.
8 / I'm sure they _______________ (wait).


1) THE INDICATIVE expresses an objective reality, it expresses real facts: Patrick is absent.
We use the indicative for the verbs "of the head": to think, to suppose, to believe, ...

2) THE SUBJUNCTIVE expresses a subjective attitude, a hypothetical action, it expresses the
doubt and hope: I wish he was there.
We use the subjunctive for verbs "of the heart": to desire, to love, to wish, to be afraid,
fear, want, order, demand, beg, ...

 

 

 

 

1. The subjunctive is used after verbs which express an impersonal judgment


It is necessary that
It is necessary that
It is essential that
It's time to
It is important that
It is important that
It is essential that
It is good / bad that
It is natural that
It is crucial that
It is urgent that
It is understandable that
It is interesting that
It is (in) useful that
It is (un) fair that
It is (a) normal that
It is suitable that
It suits that
It seems / seems to me
It happens that
It is sufficient that
I (dis) like that

2. The subjunctive is used after the expressions of doubt or possibility


It is (im) possible that
It is possible that
It is unlikely that
It is doubtful that
I doubt that
It is uncertain that
It is (in) probable that


3. The subjunctive is used after verbs which express a wish, a regret, an order


or other emotions
it is desirable that
It is better that
It's better that
It is unfortunate that
It is a shame that
I wish / prefer / regret / ... that
I demand that
I insist that
I'm surprised / happy / disappointed / furious / ... that
I'm afraid that
It is absurd that
It is ridiculous that
It is weird / strange that
It is curious that
It is astonishing / surprising that
He is happy that
It is shameful that
It is sad that
It is funny / funny that
It is rare that
It is easy / difficult that

The formation of the subjunctive


For verbs of the 1st group (-er), the conjugation of the subjunctive is identical to that of the
present, except for US and YOU, which end in -ions and -iez (as in imperfect).


Radical 3rd person plural (they / they) present + -e
                                                                               -es
                                                                               -e
                                                                                we
                                                                                would
                                                                                -ent
The construction of the subjunctive is a mixture of present and imperfect. here are some
examples:

                                                                            go


                             present                                                                   subjunctive
                                                                                                            they leave
                                                                                                           that you go
                         that I leave                                                               he leaves
                                                                                                           that we are leaving
                                                                                                           that you leave
                                                                                                           they leave

to put
present                                                                       subjunctive
                                                                                  they put
                                                                                 that you put
   that I put                                                                 he will put
                                                                               we were putting
                                                                                you were putting
                                                                               they put

read
present                                                                            subjunctive
                                                                                        they read
                                                                                         That you
that I                                                                                    he
                                                                                          that we
                                                                                           that you
                                                                                            that they

to write
present                                                                                   subjunctive
                                                                                                   they write
                                                                                                  That you
that I                                                                                                       he
                                                                                                  that we
                                                                                                  that you
                                                                                                   that they

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2 / I would like to take my French exam...


It would be nice if you ...

3 / My neighbor seems charming but I don't know how to approach her...


It would be desirable that you...

4 / I am often stressed ...


It would be a good idea if you ...

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The exceptions
go                     go          go         go        go           go            go             go            go
to have          had to      have        had to             have had
be                    be            be         be       be           be              be             be
do                   do            do         do       do          do              do             do           do
may                may         may        may   may        may           may            may
know            know        know       know   know     know         know        know       know
come           come         come       come  come     come      come         come     come
want            want           want        want          wanted

 

 

 

 

What weather is correct?
1 / We must be / are ready for anything.
2 / He would like him to do / do more for the environment.
3 / We regret that you have not been able to work with us.
4 / I notice that you do not / do not wear glasses.
5 / It seems that they are going / going to town today.
6 / You are surprised that I am / am alive.
7 / We notice that you haven't / haven't changed.

Create a sentence for each expression
1 / I would like __________________________________________________________
2 / I am happy that _________________________________________________
3 / I always say that ______________________________________________________
4 / I imagine that __________________________________________________________


Give me some advice, please!
1 / I gained a few pounds, so I would like to lose weight...
You should...

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Give instructions, instructions or other educational tips!


Complete!


You need to fasten your belt and lift the tablet in front of you.
It would be better if you close your eyes and stay calm during take off.

Or ?

 


Who is speaking?

 

 


Whose ? 

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You have to feed the children and hang out the laundry. I would also like that you vacuum the living room and put the dishes in the machine. If you're not too tired, it would be nice if you iron my blue pants that I will put tomorrow. Good night !


Or ? ……………………………. Who ? ……....………………… Whose ?……....……………….


It is forbidden for you to run, shout and push your comrades on the edge of the basin. It is ……………………………… .. that you wear a swimsuit short, but not long shorts.

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Or ?
Who ? …………………………….                    Whose ? …………………………….

It is necessary that you ........................ at the media library twice a week and that you .................................. only French in the class. It would be desirable that you ........................................., that you ... ................................. and that you ............................... French films!


Or ? ……………………………. Who ? ……....………………… Whose ?……....……………….

 


I want you to .............................................. ........ before watching TV and you
.................................................. .... after dinner. I absolutely don't want you ... .......................................... .............., nor that you
.................................................. ..... the evening. And, be nice, I wish you
.................................................. .................................................. ..................................
See you next Thursday!


Or ?                                 at home Who?                         the mother To whom?

to her child Now I'm 18!
I want you ……………………………………………………… .. and that you
………………………………………………………………… ......................... ............
I would like that …………………………………………………… and that
………………………………………………………………………. but I don't want anymore
than ………………………………………………….............................. .....................
Or ?                     at home Who?        ………………………... Whose ?          to his parents

Written exercise


What would you most want in your life?

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Exercises


1. It is unlikely that they ......................................... ......... spend their holidays with we. (COME)
2. We are happy that you ...................................... have come to see us. (BE)
3. I don't think this .......................................... true. (BE)
4. I don't think she ......................................... . over 40 years. (TO HAVE)
5. I do not tolerate that he ........................................ ...... Lesson. (MAKE)
6. I would be happy if you .......................................... ............ to attend the conference. (POWER)
7. You may ........................................... ........ right, after all. (TO HAVE)
8. He would like better than I .......................................... ...... see it right away. (GO)
9. It would be better than us ........................................... ................ again. (RESTART)
10. It is surprising that you ........................................... ................ that, you! (SAY)
11. To validate the agreement it is essential that you ...................................... ........... these papers. (SIGN)
12. It is necessary that we ........................................... ........... a solution as soon as possible. (FIND)
13. You absolutely must .......................................... .................. of this case. (TALK)
14. But let's see, it's amazing that you ........................................ ...................... to have reason. (CLAIM)
15. I will insist as many times as necessary until .................................................. ................. that he is wrong (UNDERSTAND)
16. Everyone went out without her ....................................... ............................ You're welcome.
(REALIZE)
17. He will not accept our terms unless we give him .................................................. .......................... a sample of the goods (TO SHOW)
18. It is still too early for us to ....................................... ................. giving final results. (POWER)
19. You have to tell her right away so that she .................................... ............... at least thetruth. (KNOW)
20. I have to take the metro while waiting for my car .............................................. fixed. (BE)

 

1. It is important that you (be) ........................................ ..... on time to your lesson.
2. The teacher demands that they (write) ....................................... ........ at least this text.
3. It is important that you (focus) ....................................... ........................... well
on this duty.
4. We must not (draw) ....................................... ................. on the walls.
5. I would be happy that he (get) ....................................... .............. a good note.
6. It is necessary that we (be able) ...................................... to access at the library.
7. I demand that you (intervene) ........................................ .......................... on this file

8. He must (do) ........................................ .......... adaptation efforts.
9. He's the best dancer I (know) ..................................... .......................!
10. They must not (say) ...................................... ............................. swear words.
11. It's time for Vincent (to learn) ........................................ ........... to drive !
12. I must (go) ....................................... ............!
-------------------------------------------------- -------------------------------------------------- --------------------
1. You need to go to from post.
It is necessary that .............................................. . ................................................. . ......................
2. It is not worth leaving immediately.
It is not worth that .......................................... ... ............................................... ..
3. It is good that we know.
It's good that ............................................. .. ................................................ .. ...............
4. I'm sorry they aren't coming.
I'm sorry that .......................................... ... ............................................... ... .......
5. It is important that you are there.
.................................................. .................................................. ....................................
6. It is strange that she cannot come.
.................................................. .................................................. ....................................
7. What do I want me to say!
.................................................. .................................................. ....................................
8. They are pleased that we have seen it.
.................................................. .................................................. ....................................


-------------------------------------------------- ----------------------------------------------------------------------

CHAPTER 3: Holidays
The French calendar: a little quiz!


1 / At Christmas, as a dessert, the French traditionally eat:
        [ ] macaroons
        [ ] cannelés
        [ ] of the log (rolled cake)


2 / We play pranks:
        [ ] the 1st of April
        [ ] May, the 1st
        [ ] March 1


3 / The Tour de France, which takes place in July, is an event:
       [ ] musical
       [ ] artistic
       [ ] athletic


4 / The Cannes Film Festival is happening:
     [ ] in May
     [ ] in April
     [ ] in June


5 / The prize obtained at the Cannes Film Festival is:
     [ ] a gold palm
     [ ] a golden lion
     [ ] a Caesar


6 / The galette des rois is eaten:
     [ ] on Valentine's Day
     [ ] for the carnival
     [ ] at the Epiphany (in January)


7 / In the galette des rois, hides:
    [ ] a coin
    [ ] a bean
    [ ] a little message


8 / On May 1st, we offer each other lucky flowers:
    [ ] roses
    [ ] sprigs of lily of the valley
    [ ] lilac

9 / For Valentine's Day, we receive or we offer:
     [ ] hyacinths
     [ ] roses
     [ ] violets


10 / The sales take place:
    [ ] every three months
    [ ] all year round, it depends on the stores
    [ ] twice a year


11 / It is a tradition to flower graves on All Saints' Day on:
    [ ] November, 1st
    [ ] September 21
    [ ] March 21st


12 / Pancakes are served:
   [ ] for spring (March 21)
   [ ] on New Year's Eve (December 31)
   [ ] at Candlemas (February 2)


13 / For Easter (always a Sunday), the French have:
   [ ] a public holiday: Friday
   [ ] a public holiday: Monday
   [ ] two public holidays: Friday and Monday


14 / The Fête de la musique, on June 21, has existed since:
   [ ] 1982
   [ ] 2000
   [ ] 1969


15 / The literary prizes (Goncourt, Médicis, Renaudot, etc.) are awarded in:
   [ ] September
   [ ] November
   [ ] October


16 / We taste Beaujolais Nouveau and other early wines from:
   [ ] November 15
   [ ] third Thursday in November
   [ ] last weekend of November


17 / The high equinox tides, the harvest,the opening of the hunt takes place:
   [ ] in November
   [ ] in October
   [ ] in September

18 / The month of bridges (long weekends) is the month:
  [ ] of June
  [ ] of April
  [ ] of May


19 / We wish each other a happy new year:
  [ ] until January 15
  [ ] until January 10
  [ ] until the end of January

 


20 /? ………………………………………………………………………………………………….
       [  ] …………………………………………………………
       [  ] …………………………………………………………
       [  ] …………………………………………………………

 

 

The carnival parade

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Number the carnival words.
-- the carnival float
--the little flag
-- the disguise
-- the Garland
-- the snack bar
-- the confetti
-- the fake cardboard nose
-- the clown
-- the coil

--the garland of pennants (triangular)

The carnival parade is a special event in some places in Belgium and in France. The parades of Walloon towns and in the north of France for example are known for their giants.
The schools also organize their carnival party. All the children dress up and sometimes they make their own costumes. Little girls like to dress up as fairy or princess. Little boys prefer superhero costumes or
knight. Carnival is also called "Shrove Tuesday" because it is the last day before Lent. This On this day, eating pancakes is a tradition appreciated by young and old.
The atmosphere is great: there is music and the crowd is dancing. Many people are dress up as a clown and wear fake cardboard noses. Others hide behind a mask. The streets are decorated with garlands of pennants.
The participants parade on foot or in floats in front of the spectators who crowd on the sidewalk to admire the fancy disguises. Streamers and confetti fly in the air. The public waves small flags. In big cities, the parades are often very long and you have to go early in the street to have a good place as a spectator. When we've been in the parade for so long, we ends up being hungry. Everything is planned for this: trucks transformed into snack bars offer snacks. After regaining strength, participants return to Party.

How do we say in French ?
1 / a light meal if needed (a snack) = ………………………… ..
2 / to cross-dress, to dress so as not to be recognized = …………………………………….
3 / a vehicle decorated for a carnival or public celebrations = …………………………….
4 / a kind of decorative ribbon (especially used in Christmas trees), an ornament
= ……………………………………………………………………… ..
5 / a colossal character from tales and legends = ………………………………………… ..
6 / a march of people, vehicles following one another in line, a parade = ……………
7 / a disguise, clothes worn for a certain ceremony = ……………………… ..
8 / an accessory formed of a roll of colored paper that unwinds when you throw it
= ……………………………………………………………………… ...
9 / a person who attends a show = ……………………………………………………
10 / an artificial face that you put on your face to disguise yourself = …………………… ..

Celebrations
Combine the holidays with the dates and the texts with the small greeting cards.


1. January 1                                          a) national holiday in Belgium
2. November 1st                                  b) Christmas Eve
3. February 14                                      c) the feast of Kings
4. December 25                                   d) Saint-Nicolas
5. November 11                                   e) New Year's Eve
6. July 21                                               f) New Year's Day
7. December 31                                   g) Valentine's Day
8. December 6                                      h) the Armistice
9. December 24                                    i) Christmas
10. January 6                                         j) All Saints' Day

 

 

 

1. On the occasion of a wedding party, we send our sincere wishes of happiness, health and prosperity to the newlyweds and their parents.


2. In many countries, February 14 is the feast of lovers. That day, we offer a small gift or we write a loving note to the person we love.


3. January 1 is the day of good wishes, beautiful promises and New Years. We kiss, we wish each other a lot of happiness, good health and we give each other gifts.


4. December 25 is the anniversary of the birth of Jesus. Everywhere is the party: the city ​​streets are lined with fir trees and lights. In houses, tables are nicely erected.


5. On your birthday, it's party time again! You receive greeting cards and gifts.


6. When the bells return from Rome, it is spring. No more cold days and gel. On this day, children receive bells, hares or other small chocolate figures.


7. December 6th is the great children's day. For months they watched the shop shelves and they dreamed of dolls, stuffed animals, video games, ... And there you have it, the big day when they get gifts, marzipan and chocolate.


8. The second Sunday in May, or in some regions, August 15, is the feast of mothers. On this day, the children give him flowers or small gifts, often  made by themselves. It's time to spoil her and thank her for everything
that she does for her children for a whole year!

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Long live the Fête des Voisins!
http://www.flevideo.com/fle_video_quiz_low_intermediate.php?id=4186


1 / What type of document is it?
        [ ] a report
        [ ] a documentary
        [ ] advertising
2 / According to the video, what is the objective of the Fête des Voisins?
        [ ] break the ice and find social housing
        [ ] break isolation and create social ties
        [ ] break the ice and make a social call
3 / This party claims to bring together:
        [ ] residents of the same building or the same neighborhood
        [ ] inhabitants of the whole city
        [ ] guards of several buildings
4 / The first testimony says that the feast allows to:
        [ ] to say little good evening, little hello
        [ ] to know each other's children well
        [ ] to exchange well, know the problems and the difficulties
5 / Marinette Fery says that:
       [ ] she is delighted to be part of so much organization
       [ ] the new neighbors are delighted
       [ ] she ran into some good neighbors
6 / The Neighbors Day:
       [ ] gained new followers
       [ ] decreased the adhesion of owners
       [ ] has not changed anything since its creation


Your party (Stromae)


1. Listen up
a) Listen to the song and write down the lyrics you hear.
It is ___________________
The hour of ___________________
___________________, ___________________________________ you will dance.
______________________ -you, but you're going to ___________________ swing.
______________________ -you, but you're going to ___________________ get high.
You would like to do, ______________________
Your mother wants to do it to you too, ______________________
The judge would like to make you, ______________________
Everyone will do you too, ______________________

b) Identify the two idioms with the word “party” used by Stromae.
        [ ] organize a party
        [ ] attacking a person physically or verbally
        [ ] finish a party
        [ ] to party


c) Match the two expressions in activity b) with their meanings.
1. ________________________: have fun, be entertained
2. ________________________: manhandling / putting someone in a difficult situation

 


2. At sight


Watch the clip and use keywords to describe the characters.
We are in a football stadium with spectators. Man arriving at the stadium in a cannonball represents the human balloon. The man will enter the labyrinth and go fight against reality, the vicious circle of life represented by the stage that will make him " his party ".
The role of the character that Stromae plays could be interpreted in different ways: it represents the influence from outside the vicious circle, such as friends for example or what pushes us to go to party to forget.
This clip shows the harsh everyday realities that always come to the surface like a back-and-forth game. However, the character manages to get out of this vicious circle before the door closes, so before it's too late.

             Name                                                                             Characterization keywords
           Stromae                                                                                                   -
                                                                                                                            -
                                                                                                                            -
    spectators / mass                                                                                          -
                                                                                                                            -
                                                                                                                            -
          The Ball                                                                                                    -
                                                                                                                            -
         the boxer                                                                                                   -
                                                                                                                            -
                                                                                                                            -
         the banker                                                                                                 -
                                                                                                                            -
                                                                                                                            -
          the judge                                                                                                  -
                                                                                                                            -
                                                                                                                            -
         the mother                                                                                                -
                                                                                                                            -
                                                                                                                            -
     the jealous bride                                                                                          -
                                                                                                                            -
                                                                                                                            -

Grammatical Exploitation: The Undefined
Crime scene investigation


A murder has been committed in Brussels. Commissioner Maigret is leading the investigation. He must
find the culprit, his motive and the circumstances of the crime. You are his assistant.
Complete the sentences with the adjectives or indefinite pronouns from the following list. 


person - none - some - each - each - anytime - many - any - some - all


1. The family thinks that ______________________ journalists should have waited before talking about suicide.
2. The investigators still do not know in ______________________ place a this murder was committed.
3. The victim's sister received a letter ______________________ days ago.
4. Maigret does not yet know the friends of the deceased, but for him, they are ______________________ suspects.
5. Many neighbors think that if the criminal is not arrested, he could start again ____________________________________________
6. The victim's brother thinks that ______________________ of them has the right to know the truth.
7. The inspector has not yet found ______________________ clues that put him on the way.
8. The victim went to the casino ______________________ week and lost a lot of money.
9. ______________________ in her family did not know she was married.
10. On the clothes worn by the victim at the time of his death, ______________________ details indicated that they were not hers.

 

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Translation exercises


someone ……………………………………………… ..
nobody ………………………………………………..
something ………………………………………………..
nothing ………………………………………………..
somewhere ………………………………………………..
nowhere ……………………………………………… ..
everything ………………………………………………..
all ……………………………………………… ..
everybody ………………………………………………..
each (eg name) ……………………… ... ………………………
everyone, everyone (n) ……………………………………………… ..

a few ………………………………………………...
a few ……………………………………………… ..
Not a single one ………………………………………………..
several, several ……………………………………………… ...
most ………………………………………………...
some …………………………………………………
some …………………………………………………
another …………………………………………………
others …………………………………………………
various …………………………………………………
such, such, such …………………………………………………
any …………………………………………………
anybody …………………………………………………
whatever …………………………………………………
the same ………………………………………………....
the same …………………………………………………

Translate the following sentences.


-Verscheidene vragen hebben ze niet beantwoord.
-Ja, de meeste waren erg moeilijk.
                     .................................................. .................................................. .........................
                     .................................................. .................................................. .........................
-Heeft iedereen een stadsplan gekregen?
-Is er één voor elke leerling?
                   .................................................. .................................................. .........................
                   .................................................. .................................................. .........................
Mijn vriend is knapper dan alle andere.
                   .................................................. .................................................. .........................
Ik zoek iets moois voor haar verjaardag.
                   .................................................. .................................................. .........................
Heeft u ook andere CD's van die groep?
                   .................................................. .................................................. .........................

CHAPTER 4: Reflection and thought


Freedom of expression and thought
Tastes and colors are not discussed. Political ideas are the same thing.
Everyone has the right to have their own opinion and to express it openly, it is a right and
freedom of expression. Whether right or left, Democrat or Republican,
Communist or far-right, everyone can choose their political current, participate in it and
talk about. Everyone has the right to express themselves and to think differently. The sharing
ideas are the cultural richness of humanity.


The different political ideologies
The list is long ! Here is a quick overview of the main international political ideologies. Some of them no longer exist or are in the process of disappearing, but the majority are still present, even with minority followers.


anarchism, capitalism, imperialism, nationalism, fascism,
authoritarianism, colonialism, communism, conservatism, despotism,
democracy, dictatorship, right, left, center, ecologism,
extreme right, extreme left, extremism, federalism, humanism,
liberalism, Leninism, Marxism, Trotskyism, Maoism, monarchism,
nationalism, Nazism, napoleonism, nihilism, oligarchy, pacifism,
patriotism, racism, radicalism, republicanism, royalism, socialism,
sovereignty, unionism, totalitarianism,...


Do you know of others?

Oral exercise
Is it possible to freely express your
political opinion (in your country)?
Is it a good cause?
Do you think we should teach
policy and its big ideas to children?
Do you think we would live better in a world without politics?

 


Introduction to politics
a) Combine the elements of the two columns.
1. the legislative power (establishes laws)                a. the government (ministers)
2. the executive power (enforce the laws)                b. the court of Justice
3.the judiciary (enforces the laws)                             c. Parliament (deputies)

 

b) Choose the correct answer.
He got 37% of the votes / votes.
The candidate proposes an electoral / opinion platform.
VAT is a currency / tax.
Mayors are elected in legislative / municipal elections.
The candidate voted / won the election.
The minister won / resigned.
Transport workers are on strike / war.
Protesters belong to a union / strike.
The media are talking about social movements / protesters.

c) Riddles. What or who are we talking about? Find the correct word order.
He represents the country abroad.
a DMASUBASERA


Finally, the two former enemies signed one.
an ERITAT of XAIP


These innocent people were killed during the war.
of CEMSVITI


This country has concluded one with the neighboring country.
an ELLACINA


They fight for the respect of human rights.
NIMHAISERUTA associations


This country has won it against its enemy.
An EEGRUR

Community history of Belgium
Fill the holes by choosing from the following list:


trilingual - official - government - reforms - education - culture
Originally, in 1830, Belgium was a state whose only language ... ........................... was French, but of which the vast majority of the population spoke dialects Germanic (West Flemish, East Flemish, Brabant, Limburgish in the northern part of the country, and Luxembourgish in the extreme south-east) and romans (Walloon, Picard, etc. in the southern part). Following the generalization of ....................................... in Dutch and French, and the attachment of the eastern German-speaking cantons in 1919, Belgium officially became a state ... ...........................: Dutch, French and German. The lack of clear geographical separation between the three linguistic communities (mainly at Brussels level) has led to several … .................................... of the Constitution.
At the level of this federal state, the legislative power is in the hands of the federal Parliament,
which consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate. The executive power is provided by the ... ..................................... federal, composed of the King, the Prime Minister and other ministers. Constitutionally, the king has great power, but this power is actually exercised by the government.
The country is divided on the one hand into three Communities, linked to language and
... ..........................., and on the other hand in three Regions, each of which has a greater
economic autonomy. The Regions and Communities each have a parliament
and a clean government.

Put the Belgian kings in the correct chronological order.
Léopold II - Philippe I - Albert I - Léopold I - Baudouin I - Albert II - Léopold III

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Who was / is the husband of...
         Paola Ruffo di Calabria =… ............................................ ............
         Louise d'Orléans =… ............................................ .............
         Astrid from Sweden =… ............................................. ............
        Mathilde d'Udekem d'Acoz =… ......................................... ................
        Marie-Henriette of Austria =… .......................................... ...............
       Fabiola de Mora y Aragon =… ........................................... ..............
       Elisabeth of Bavaria =… ............................................. ............

Express the goal / Give your objectives
Being able to communicate intentions can be an important part of let someone understand your point of view. What better way to convince than to make yourself clearly understood!


Observe these sentences. What are the words or groups of words that introduce the goal?
1. I do this to make money. 


2. He plays the piano every day in order to become a great musician


3. You eat in order to grow taller.


4. They didn’t come with the intention of leaving with the trophy.

To express the goal we can use the following phrases:

                   for
                   in order to                                            +                     INFINITIVE
                   in order to
                   with the intention of

Oral exercise
Answer the following questions using purpose phrases.
1 / Why are you learning French?


2 / For what reason (s) do you like going on vacation?


3 / Why are we looking for love or friendship?

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Observe these sentences. What are the words or groups of words that introduce the goal?
1. My goal is to be successful.
2. My goal is to beat the champion.
3. My intention is not to hurt myself.

 


To express the goal we can use the following structures:

                  My goal is to
                 My intention is               +                  INFINITIVE
                My goal is to

 

 


Written exercise


What is your goal in life?

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Think, know, reason, decide


1. Write the correct preposition.
        1. This idea is based ……………… reality.
        2. As for ………………. I am waiting.
        3. He left …………… .. because of our argument.
        4. As he is intelligent, he will find the solution ………………… no doubt.
        5. Your grandmother still considers you …………… .. ……. a little girl.
        6. He says it all depends ………………. hazard.


2. Enter the gender by choosing the correct italicized word.
        1. I have an / an idea to get us out of this situation.
        2. Fortunately the consequence of this decision is not serious.
       3. Get married or live together? What a dilemma!
       4. His / her conception of the world is very bizarre.
      5. I do not share his / her outlook on things.
      6. It was only after midnight that they were able to make a deal.


3. Complete the following grid and fill in the gaps in the sentences after. Tune in!

1. The director of this mental asylum is not interested enough in thoughts …………………………… .. of these patients.
2. His words were too abstract. He should have explained them in a more……………………………… ..
3. It’s a bit vague. Do you know the word ……… .. ……………………. ?
4. This system is too …………………………………… to be understood at all after.
5. Your mother has trust ……………………………………… .. in you.

4. Same exercise.

         1. This decision was voted on in ………………………………………. ……
         2. Despite his age, grandfather still reasons with ……………………………….
         3. The ………………………………………………. of his calculations has been proven.
         4. When he hasn't slept well, his thoughts are ……………………………………
        5. I prefer art ………………………………… .... to medieval painting.


5. Write the opposite of the words in italics in the following sentences.
        1. Drug addicts live in an unreal world and have no idea of ​​the facts
           ………………………………….
       2. What is the cause of its failure?
          ……………………………………………………….
       3. What you are saying is correct.
          ……………………………………………………….
      4. His reasoning is quite logical.
          ……………………………………………………… ..
      5. Your arguments are far too rational.
         ……………………………………………………… ..
     6. This disagreement between the different parties has had important consequences.
         ……………………………………………………… ..


6. Complete the following sentences by choosing the correct term. Also do the good adaptations.


1.think / reflect
He has ……………………… the same as me.
The candidate must have ………………………… .. a long time before being able to answer.


2.a riddle / riddle
The police inspector is faced with an …………… .. ………… .. insoluble.
My little girl, if you find the solution to this ………………. ……………., You can eat all those sweets.

Grammatical exploitation: Complex tenses


I would have liked to see him again
last time.
I should have talked to him.

1 / What do these sentences express?


2 / At what time are verbs conjugated?


To express regret or reproach, we can use the past conditional. It forms with the auxiliary having or being conjugated in the present conditional followed by the past participle.


To express regret, we often use the verbs: to love, appreciate, wish.
To express a reproach, we often use the verbs: duty, power.
Give an example for each feeling...

a regret


a reproach

If only + imperfect also expresses regret.
Examples:
If only I could go back. (regret)
If only you could put your things away! (reproach)

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In your place, I ...                                                                             I think you ...

Past Perfect


1. Training
The more-than-perfect is formed in the same way as the past tense, but the auxiliary
is imperfect (and not present indicative).


Past tense:                            I spoke.
The more-than-perfect:       I had spoken.


Rule: to have / to be in the imperfect + the past participle


2. Translation
The imperfect:                I was speaking                   = Ik sprak
+
Past tense:                       I spoke                               = Ik heb gesproken
=
The more-than-perfect:  I had spoken                    = Ik had gesproken

 


         The imperfect of "having"                                                              The imperfect of "being"


                        I had                                                                                                    I was
                     you had                                                                                              you were
              he / she / we had                                                                             he / she / we were
                      we had                                                                                                we were
                     you had                                                                                               you were
                    they had                                                                                              they were

 


Exercises


1. Write the following sentences in the most perfect way.


My uncle and I hear noises.
He cleaned the aisles.
The sailors see many countries.
My parents attended my show.
I sleep with my brother.
My mother is telling a story.
You got home early.

2. Write the verbs in more than perfect and agree if necessary.
Elsa and her brother (respond) to our invitation.
It (raining) a lot that day.
We (interrupt) the meal.
They (argue) the whole way.
You (mix) the colors.
The mouse (exit) without making a sound.
We (see) our friends again.

Future Perfect
1. Training
The future tense is formed in the same way as the past tense, but the auxiliary is in the future simple (and not in the present indicative).


Past tense:                I have spoken.
Future past:              I will have spoken.


Rule: to have / to be in the future simple + the past participle


2. Translation
Simple future:                              I will speak                                        = Ik zal spreken
+
Past tense:                                   I spoke                                               = Ik heb gesproken
=
Future past:                                 I will have spoken                             = Ik zal gesproken hebben

 


                    The simple future of "to have"                              The simple future of "to be"
                                   I will have                                                                    I will be
                                 you will have                                                               you will be
                          he / she / we will have                                              he / she / we will be
                                  we will have                                                                we will be
                                 you will have                                                                you will be
                                they will have                                                               they will be

Exercises


1. Complete by conjugating the verbs in the future tense.
When we (finish) this job, we will go on vacation.
When you (learn) your role, we'll play this scene.
When they (walk) in the countryside, they will come back afterwards.
In a year, I will (leave) school.

 


2. Write the following sentences in the future tense.
I start to read a new book.
We have a house in the woods.
You put on your hats.
These dolls come from China.
It's cold.

 


3. Copy the following sentences in the plural.
She will have discovered a treasure.
He will be gone quickly.
She will have fallen to her knees.
A shadow will have appeared.

The past conditional


1. Training
The past conditional is formed in the same way as the past tense, but the auxiliary is in the present conditional (and not in the present indicative).


Past tense:                      I have spoken.
The past conditional:     I would have spoken.


Rule: have / be in the present conditional + the past participle

 


2. Translation
The present conditional:           I would speak               = Ik zou spreken
+
Past tense:                                  I spoke                          = Ik heb gesproken
=
The past conditional:                 I would have spoken   = Ik zou gesproken hebben

 


                 The present conditional of "to have"                    The present conditional of "to be"
                                  I would have                                                                  I would be
                               you would have                                                             you would be
                            he / she / we would                                                  he / she / we would be
                                 we would have                                                             we would be
                                 you would have                                                            you would be
                                they would have                                                            they would be

Exercises
1. Conjugate verbs in parentheses in the past conditional.
1. If I had known they weren't coming, I would (go out) a long time ago.
2. If they weren't mistaken, things (happen) very differently.
3. If I had been in your shoes, I (not to help) Mireille.
4. If they had been more careful they would (make no mistake) like this.
5. If the press had not published these photos, we (avoid) the scandal.
6. If he had insisted a little more, he would (get) this job.
7. If she had been less jealous, she (didn't have) these kinds of problems.
8. If they had been more sincere with us, we (find) a way to help them.
9. If Pauline had confessed her love to him, Philippe (not to leave) with Josiane.
10. If you had accepted their conditions, you (could) pay less

Oral exercise


This student just received a bad grade because of her lack of work and of organization. Tell her what she should have done

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Hypothetical structures with “if”


1 °      if + present code, simple present / future code
                   If you want, you can / will stay here.
2 °      if + imperfect, conditional present
                  If I won the lottery, I would go around the world.
3 °     if + more-than-perfect, past conditional
                 If I had studied, I would have graduated by now.


Complete the sentences with the verbs from the list. Use the rule with the imperfect and the
present conditional and the one with the more-than-perfect and the past conditional.


knowing  knowing  how  to  eat
play  make  you  fat  work


1. If I ……………………… .... ………. more, I ……… ..... ………………. better grades. If I' ……………………………………………………. more, i. ………… ..................................... better grades.


2. If I .. ………………………. …… .. less shy, I ……………………………………… more of people.
If I' ……………………………………………………. less shy, I .......... ……………………
................................................. more of people.


3. If I ……………………………… ..…. more sport, I …………… ........ ………… ...… more
in shape.
If I ……………………………………………………… more sport, I …… ................. ...........
…………… ...... ………… more fit.
4. If I ……… ... ………………………… .. play the guitar, I ……………… .... …………….in a rock band.
If I ……………………………………………………… play the guitar, I ................... ........
. …………………………………… in a rock band.


5. If I ………………………………. fries every day, I ………… ............ …… ........... If I ………………………………………………… fries every day, I ……… .....................................

Si (Zaz)
If I …………………… .. the friend of the good Lord
If I ……………………………… prayers
If I …………………… .. blue blood
The gift of erasing and redoing everything
If I …………………… .. queen or magician
Princess, fairy, great captain
Of a noble regiment
If I …………………… .. the steps of a giant
I …………………… .. from heaven in misery
All the tears in the river
And ……………………………… sands or even hope
I ……………………………… utopias, bend …………………… .. forbidden
We no longer ……………………………… stares
s
If I …………………… .. miles and cents
Talent, strength or charms
Masters, powerful
If I …………………… .. the keys to their souls
If I …………………… .. take up arms
In the fire of an army of titans
I ……………………………… flames
In the extinct dreams of children
I …………………… .. painful colors
I ……………………………… from Eden
No chances, no stars, at least nothing
But I only have a ragged heart
And two hands stretched out with twigs
A voice that the wind blows away in the morning
But if our bare hands come together
Our millions of hearts together
If our voices are ………………………………
What winters are there ………………………………?
A strong world, a soul mate land
We will build in these ashes
Little by little, crumb to crumb
Drip and heart to heart

CHAPTER 5: The grammar of the text

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Pick someone from the class you
go describe. Start by listing your
ideas. Brainstorm.


What do you already know about this person?
What else would you like to know.


A presentation consists of three parts: an introduction, a development and a
conclusion.


The introduction should:
Announce the topic: "I'd like to talk to you today about ..."
➩ give the objective of the presentation: "My objective is to make you discover the life of ..."
➩ present the plan: "First we will discuss ..., Then we will talk about ...,
Finally we will end with ... "


In the conclusion, think about:
➩ announce the end of your presentation: "My presentation is coming to an end ..."
➩ briefly summarize the content of your presentation.
➩ emphasize one main idea: "I would like to leave you with this idea ..."


Here are some expressions you can use to structure your speech during the presentation:
first of all                                    However
to begin                                     however
then                                            in reality
in fact                                         or more precisely
finally                                          or more exactly
in short
to finish

 

 

Complete with the correct connector.
I would like to ____________________ address the topic of the environment in a way general. _______________________, we will see in more detail the role of greenhouse gas greenhouse on global warming. _______________________, we will offer solutions to remedy it.


Exercises


1. Complete the dialogue with the following articulators:
then - in addition - first - and then
- Tonight, I'm going to the movies, is that okay?
° Okay !? Not agree at all !
- But why?
° No, I don't want you to go to the movies tonight. That's all !
- But there's a super nice movie that just came out and I have nothing to do tonight.
° ................................................. ., you haven't finished your homework.
.................................................. ..., you haven't done much this week.
.................................................. ..., you already went there last Thursday, to the cinema.
.................................................. ...., you will not go to the cinema tonight!


2. Here are the parts of a text titled "Are dreams useful?"
Put the sentences in the correct order.

a) Finally, some also think that they protect us from madness.
b) In addition, dreams seem to fix memories and facilitate learning.
c) Indeed, we believe that they help to find solutions to our problems.
d) Everyone agrees that dreams are useful.
e) So, we can say that the dream is a precious friend.

3. The importance of connectors or articulators:


A. The main function of articulators is to enumerate. Read the beginnings of
following paragraphs and classify the articulators used in the appropriate column.
a) Secondly, there is a more widespread use of cameras digital.
b) First, it should be remembered that the number of weekend accidents continues to increase.
c) Students must then be offered a practical context in which they can practice in communication.
d) First, advertising blindly pushes to buy.
e) Finally, the imminent ban on the circulation of petrol cars in city centers will be an important argument in favor of electric cars.
f) Then, you have to redo these exercises to see if you have understood correctly.
g) First of all, we have to ask ourselves if the laptop is really necessary at school.
h) In addition, this adoption is always done according to the law of the country where the child is going to be picked up.
i) Finally, adopting a child from another continent does not pose more problems of adoption in one's own country

B. There are also articulators which serve to illustrate, to add something, to summarize, explain ...

Do the same exercise.


a) He's the fastest man in the world. Indeed, he holds all the world records.
b) All these arguments therefore clearly show that television can give us lots of essential information.
c) Certain drugs are tolerated by society: alcohol and cigarettes, for example.
d) Yet it appears that television destroys human social life.
e) Any drug, whether tolerated or not, is addictive, that is, you becomes a slave to the drug we take.
f) He holds three records, notably that of the hundred meters.
g) In short, television is a blessing for our society as long as it is used with caution.
h) On the one hand, this new game is really instructive for children and on the other hand, it is necessary admit that they must have sufficient maturity to understand the rules a little complex.

Overview of articulators

Oral exercise
a) Name arguments for each topic.
1 / Should the school impose the uniform?
2 / Should we allow children under three years old to watch TV?
3 / Can we always choose our profession?
4 / Internet, freedom or dependence?
5 / Is work essential to happiness?


b) Read this opinion and list the arguments for or against support courses.
I am against after-school tutoring. Even if a student is in difficulty, it is not by preventing him from relaxing after school that we go help him.

Written exercise: Formulating arguments


In your opinion, should the use of electric cars be made compulsory?


- On the one hand :
• more pleasant and less noisy
• less pollution and therefore more environmentally friendly
• oil reserves are dwindling


- On another side:
• more expensive
• battery charging lasts a long time
• no long journeys
• reduced speed
• no incentive from the public authorities

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a) Locate the articulators in the following text and replace them with variants.

 


For team sport!

 

 


Team sports are more and more practiced today. They have several advantages. But, due to poor design, they can have negative consequences. There are many positive sides to team sport. First, it helps the physical development of the individual. Then he creates the desire to surpass himself. Finally, he promotes the development of esprit de corps and solidarity. But, a certain conception of this sport has negative consequences. In the first place, the competitive spirit often leads to aggressive behavior. Secondly, some sporting events degenerate into exaltation of chauvinism. Finally, sport professional is often in the service of money.
In short, the stadiums sometimes turn into arenas; but, sport remains a means individual and collective development.

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b) Complete the text using the following articulators:


finally - however - first - short - thus - in addition


The lottery of nature
This is a game that thrills my children. Since we bought it, the Rainy Sundays are no longer boring and arguments are less frequent. It's the magical hobby that brings peace and fun to the home. It is called: "The lottery of the nature ", and I think it is useful to present it to you.


.............................................................., it is practiced in teams. This allows the child learn to work with others and, possibly, invite fellow students to the House.


.................................................. ............., it is informative. Trees, flowers, fruits are presented through pretty illustrations and accurate texts, so that the discovery of the child is pleasant and safe.


.................................................. .............., this game develops children's memory by asking that he always remember his first observations and use them again. This is all the more difficult and exhilarating the more numerous they are.


This "Loto de la nature" is ....................................... a very good game, trainer and fun,
that we can usefully make known around us.

.................................................. ..............., you should know that it is intended for children of a certain age (approximately 7 to 12 years). In fact, the child must know how to read to use the game and have sufficient maturity to understand the somewhat complex rules of the lotto.


..............................................., the " Loto de la nature "has all the qualities of an educational game,
despite this necessary maturity. I would add that it is easily found in bookstores or at toy dealers and that it is reasonably priced.


c) Read the text. Then draw a diagram of the ideas presented and add the articulators used.


For or against the ban on cannabis?


On the one hand, I am against the ban, but on the other hand, I am realistic enough to realize that cannabis is not completely harmless. First, you should know that the tars in smoke are bad for the lungs. Then all the world notices that addiction, especially among young people, causes problems
nervous. Finally, it cannot be denied that this dependence often causes a desocialization which destroys normal life.
But, we must not be blind either: let's face reality! According to surveys, there are more consumers in Belgium than in the Netherlands, where cannabis is on sale. Thus, by the age of 18, one in three young people has smoked cannabis despite one of the most repressive laws. So banning is useless, I plead for a better information, real prevention campaigns at school as for alcohol or cigarette.

                                                                             articulators                                                        ideas
Intro                                                    ... ......................................... ...                ... ............................................
                                                                                                                             -… ..........................................
                                                                                                          

                                                               ... ............................................             -… ..........................................
                                                       

                                                                                                                            ... ............................................

 


Arguments  
                                                                                                                          ... ......................................... ...


... ............................................         ... ............................................                   -… ..........................................

 prohibition of cannabis                                                                                    ... ............................................


-… ..........................................               ... ............................................           ... ............................................
                                                              -… ..........................................            ... ............................................

 

Arguments                                                                                                        ... ............................................

 

 

... ...............................................            ............................................-…                ..........................................
 prohibition of cannabis

... ............................................              -… ..........................................               ... ............................................
Conclusion
... ............................................               ... .... ........................................           ... ............................................
... ............................................                ... ............................................

Grammatical exploitation: Connectors
The function of linking words

a) Express:           * the opposition: but
                              It's raining, but he's going for a walk.


                            * the cause: because (+ sentence)
                             She often goes to the opera because she loves music.


                             * a negative cause: because of (+ noun)
                             The company closed in June due to financial problems.

                            * a positive cause: thanks to (+ noun)
                             I won thanks to you.

                            * the consequence: then or so
                              I'm hungry, so I eat. / I'm thirsty, therefore I drink.


                            * the goal: for (+ infinitive)
                           I took a taxi to arrive on time.


b) Connect words or sentences:


and                   She is tall and beautiful.
or                      should I stay or go?
but                    You are smart but clumsy.
as                      he sings like his father.
because           I am not coming because I am sick.
like                   As I am sick, I do not come.
because          I am not coming because I am sick.
since               Since I am ill, I do not come.
ever                 since you've been here, i'm happy.
while               While I eat I do not read.
when               When he leaves, she cries.
as soon           as He phones as soon as he arrives.
if                      I come if you come too.

Some examples
1. Thanks to (= dankzij)


Model:


You have helped us.
We were successful with your help.


1. You supported us.
2. You supported us.
3. You have protected us.
4. You advised us.
5. You encouraged us.

 


2. Car (= want)


Model:


You shouldn't eat when you are not hungry.
So I don't eat, because I'm not hungry.


1. You shouldn't drink when you are not thirsty.
2. You should not work when you are not feeling well.
3. You shouldn't write when you don't have inspiration.
4. Do not rest when you are not tired.
5. You shouldn't cry when you're not sad.

3. So (= due)


Model:


think / be
I think so I am.


1. move / live
2.do stupid things / exist
3. laugh / have fun
4. cry / suffer
5. to blush / be ashamed


4. Like (= aangezien)


Model:


rain - take our umbrella
As it rains, we take our umbrella.


1. get cold - put on our coat
2.freeze - put on a cap
3. be windy - put on a scarf
4.be winter - put on gloves
5.do too bad - stay home

Exercises


1. Respond using because.
         -Why are you eating an apple?
          Because …............................................... .................................................. ..........................


          -Why are you taking the metro?
           Because …............................................... .................................................. ..........................


         -Why don't you look at the painting?
          Because …............................................... .................................................. ..........................


          -Why are you not eating?
          Because …............................................... .................................................. ..........................


2. Complete with but, because, because of, thanks to, then / therefore, for, like.
Why is he not working? .……………............................. he is tired.
He is very tired, ............................. he is resting.
He is tired ............................. he still works.
He hurries ............................. be on time.
I found a job ......................................... your help.
Nathalie would like to work ................................. she cannot find a job.
Nathalie would like to work,… ............................ she is looking for work.
Nathalie would like to work ............................. have money.
He lost the match ... ………………… ........................ the rain.
… ................................ the weather is nice, I'm going for a walk.

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3. Combine the parts of a sentence with a conjunction (there are several possibilities!).
-I am renting the house ……… .............................. I have enough money.
-It is too late ....................................... there is an accident on Highway.
-You want the red sweater ........................ the green jacket?
-I understand the problem ............................. I do not see the solution.


4. Freely complete the sentence.
-As I am married,… ........................................ .................................................. .........
... ................................................. .................................................. .........................................
-I am very happy since ... ....................................... ..........................................
... ................................................. .................................................. .........................................
-I am very (badly) happy since ... .................................... .....................................
... ................................................. .................................................. .........................................
-I'm always late, because ... ......................................... ..................................................
... ................................................. .................................................. .........................................
-When ... ............................................... .................................................. ...... , I move.
... ................................................. .................................................. .........................................
-I want to take a trip to Africa if ... ........................................ .......................................
... ................................................. .................................................. .........................................

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CHAPTER 6: The shows

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Place the following words in the correct column:
the actors - the comedians - the playwright - the director - the script - the stage - the adaptation - the set - the special effects - the work of the actor

                                   at the cinema                                                    at the theater

1. Combine each number in the designs with one of the words from the list below.


the opener - the cameraman - the cinema - the projector - the ticket - the screen - the spot - the
armchair - the microphone - the actor, the comedian - the director, the director - the camera
- the spectators, the public - the studio - the actress, the actress - the ticket office - the corridor -
the sound engineer - the room - the decor - the entrance

1.… ............................................... .................           12.… .............................. ..............................
2.… ............................................... .................           13.… .............................. ..............................
3.… ............................................... .................           14.… .............................. ..............................
4.… ............................................... .................           15.… .............................. ..............................
5.… ............................................... .................           16.… .............................. ..............................
6.… ............................................... .................           17.… .............................. ..............................
7.… ............................................... .................           18.… .............................. ..............................
8.… ............................................... .................           19.… .............................. ..............................
9.… ............................................... .................           20.… .............................. ..............................
10.… ............................................... .................         21.… .............................. ..............................
11.… ............................................... .................

 


2. Do you know the genres of films? Combine the two columns.
1. a drama                                                      a) een oorlogsfilm
2.a historical film                                           b) een romantische film
3.a horror movie                                            c) een tekenfilm
4.a war film                                                    d) een drama
5.a love movie                                               e) een western
6.a comedy                                                     f) een historische film
7.a science fiction movie                              g) een science fiction movie
8.a western                                                     h) een horrorfilm
9. a cartoon                                                     i) thriller
10. a thriller                                                     j) een komische film

3. A few words that serve to make a criticism.
In presentations, many words and expressions are used to express a criticism positive or negative people or films and interpretations. And here are a few. Combine each word with its translation.
1.excellent                                             a) slecht
2.to avoid                                               b) ontroerend
3.astonishing                                         c) uitstekend
4.silly                                                      d) gemeen
5. vulgar                                                 e) te vermijden
6.grid                                                       f) onwaarschijnlijk
7. extraordinary                                      g) idioot
8. moving                                                h) buitengewoon
9. bad                                                      i) verbazingwekkend
10. implausible                                       j) afschuwelijk

 

 

 

4. Who does what? Complete the table with the following words.
a performer - a game - a staging - perform - a director - play - a director - an achievement


         action                                person doing the action                                       name of the action  


    set the scene                    ... ............................................                          ... ............................................

... ............................................              achieve                                             ... ............................................
     

... ............................................   ... ............................................                      an interpretation


                 an actor                    ... ............................................                      ... ............................................
 

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5. Look in the second column for the opposite of the words in the first column.
1. move                                             a) birth
2. chaotic                                          b) failure
3.the masterpiece                            c) boring
4.better                                             d) leave ice
5. exciting                                         e) worse
6. death                                             f) organized                                   
7. worth it                                         g) be zero
 

6. Connect each expression to the corresponding type then justify your choice.
       laugh to tears               [  ]                   [  ] a dramatic tragedy or comedy
       to give chills                 [  ]                   [  ] a comedy
       breathtaking                [  ]                    [  ] a horror movie
       be scared                     [  ]                    [  ] a romantic comedy
       sob out                         [  ]

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A comedy is:                                                     A tragedy is:
• funny                                                               • sad
• fun                                                                   • moving
• entertaining                                                    • overwhelming

A romantic comedy is:                                     A horror movie is:
• moving                                                           • scary
• tender                                                            • creepy
• touching                                                        • disgusting

 

 

Oral exercise


a) Answer these questions giving reasons.
1 / What is the last movie you saw?
2 / What is your opinion on this film? Why ?
3 / What is for you the greatest film made?
4 / Which film is a real pleasure for the eyes?
5 / What type of film do you like?


For example :
For me, horror movies are useless because they are based on fiction. I hate
to fear ! The last time I saw a horror movie, I had nightmares for
weeks ! I prefer documentaries which are totally real.


6 / What is the last play you saw?
7 / Did you love her? Why ?


For example :
The Game of Love and Chance is a comedy written by Marivaux. I did not have
enjoyed the book but the play was a success! Comedians are fun
and gifted. I really liked the decor and the dialogues.
 

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b) A dialogue: Julie and Marc leave the cinema.


Julie:          I thought this movie was great!
Marc:         Really? Not me.
J:               I'm surprised, what didn't you like?
M:             Well, pretty much everything ...
J:              Really? Please explain to me?
M:             First, the actors were bad, the story wasn't interesting...
J:              I don't agree with you at all, I found the acting really very Well !
M:            And the story, did you find it very good too?
J:             Okay, okay, I admit it wasn't particularly original, but at least that made sense.
M:           It's your opinion, not mine. For me, this movie was really bad.
J:            You are right on one point, that's my opinion! Each his own !
 


c) Following the same pattern, discuss a movie that you have seen.


actors - director - end - script - dialogues - special effects

Written exercise
What is your opinion on comedies
romantic? Justifies

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Give your opinion / express your agreement


FOLLOWING A POSITIVE FORMULATION
Yes.
Indeed / Sure.
I agree.
I agree with you.
You are right / You are right.
Absolutely.
I share your / your idea / analysis.


WITH RESERVES
Perhaps.
It's possible. Why not ?
Maybe it is. This is not so sure.
Let's admit.


BY MAKING A CONCESSION (toegeving)
It's true but ...
I agree with you / you when you say that / you say that ... however ...
The only problem is ...


FOLLOWING A POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE FORMULATION
No.
I do not agree.
I do not find.
No that's not true.
It's wrong.
You are wrong / You are wrong.
You are wrong / You are wrong.


TOTALLY EXPRESS YOUR DISAGREEMENT
This is absolutely / absolutely / perfectly wrong.
So there, no! You exaggerate ! / You exaggerate !
How can you / can you say that / something like that?
This is absurd / ridiculous!
It makes no sense !


EXPRESSING YOUR DISAGREEMENT IN A MITIGATE MANNER
I'm not so sure.
I wonder if this is really the case.
Not really.
Let's admit.

Talking about films ...


Are you a movie fan?
Do you like the cinema?


The movie theater


Cinema is a performing art. In French, it is commonly referred to as the 7th art. Cinematographic art is characterized by the spectacle offered to the public under the form of a film, that is to say of a story (fictional or documentary), conveyed by a medium (flexible film, magnetic tape, digital container) that is recorded and then read by a mechanism that creates the illusion of moving images. Since its invention, cinema has become both a popular art, an entertainment, an industry and a medium. It can also be used for advertising, propaganda, pedagogy or scientific research or arise from a personal artistic practice and singular. The term is often abbreviated in French in colloquial language, in "ciné"
or "cinoche". The reference to the projection screen has also given the expression of cinephiles, "to make a canvas".


Answer the questions.
1 / How is the cinema called?
-
2 / What are the 2 types of story that can be offered by the cinema?
-
-
3 / What are the 3 media used for a movie in the cinema?
-
-
-

4 / Name at least 5 reasons for cinema.
-
-
-
-
-
5 / Which French idiomatic expression is used, colloquially, to express its
want to go to the movies?
-

 

 


Cannes festival

 


Cannes, the Croisette, its red carpet, its dark rooms, its parterre of stars, ... the only evocation of