TABLE OF CONTENTS


CHAPTER 1: Holidays and travel
Grammatical exploitation: prepositions geographic


CHAPTER  2: La Francophonie
Grammatical exploitation: Revision of the present and the 
past


CHAPTER 3: Reading a story in the past tense (the tale)
Grammatical exploitation: The agreement of the past participle and the concordance of times


CHAPTER 4: Friendship, feelings
Grammatical exploitation: Roots, prefixes and suffixes


CHAPTER 5: Globalization and violence
Grammatical exploitation: Revision of the future simple and of the present conditional 


CHAPTER 6: Discrimination and solidarity
Grammatical exploitation: The complex negation

CHAPTER 1: Holidays and travel


Do you like to travel ?

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When you travel...


1. Are you an adventurer who leaves with her backpack?
Or do you prefer four star hotels?


2. Have you ever taken the train? Where did you go?
How do you usually travel?


3. Which of your trips did you like the most?


4. If you could travel anywhere in the world, which countries would you visit?

Why ? (I would visit …)


5. Which cities would you like to see and why? (I would like to see… because…)

Here are 2 top 10 to give you ideas of trip !

And you, among these sites and countries, which do you dream of seeing?
Compare your answers!

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Go on a trip, go to the other side of the world ... but why?
For everyone, traveling means leaving, packing, taking something
means of transport and go away from home. It seems very simple. And yet ... This
It is not always easy to clearly define the need for a change of scenery and the meaning of exoticism.
A change of scenery can mean a lot: relaxing on a paradisiacal Hawaii beach, exploring the tombs of the pharaohs in the Valley of the Kings, climbing the
Himalayan slopes or snorkel near the Great Barrier Reef.
It is these desires that must be fulfilled because it is these that motivate us. More
the images are clear in the "draft of the dream", the more the latter has
shape. The attraction of the unknown is not always the best stimulus. The desire to go
China won't make sense until you want to walk on Tianan Square
Men, enter the Forbidden City or climb the Great Wall. To leave well, he
must first dream well.

Some "private" questions about your relationship to travel...
1. Do you prefer to use a traditional travel agency or book online?


2. Do you prefer “relaxed” or cultural trips?


3. What type of accommodation do you prefer?


4. Do you prefer short or long trips (time and distance)?


5. Do you prefer group trips, well supervised, or individual trips, on an adventure? 


6. Is traveling a pleasure or a chore for you?

Reading a text


           Dreaming of trips, dreaming of departures, is certainly dreaming of lagoons with waters turquoise, white sand beaches, trees laden with unknown and tasty fruits, oddly shaped flowers, vast steppes, burning yellow deserts, white and icy, of a whole strange, different, attractive nature.


But why not also dream of cities? Because cities can also offer
their mystery, their beauty, their charm, their very magic. Who has not shuddered with emotionsaying words like Salvador de Bahia, Ushuaia, Macao, Samarkand,  Prague,…? Who has not imagined a wonderful world from the mere mention of the name of these cities?

It's true, cities don't always keep their promises. They disappoint
often. And this disappointment is sometimes equal to the dream. Why ? Because on
all over the globe, today we have the impression of finding the same city; we have
standardized the urban world: same unmarked architecture, same hotels for tourists
invasive, same shops, same goods, ... And so, disillusion is
all the more vivid the stronger the fantasy. In front of this universe where all the places
inhabitants are alike, we feel that the discovery is doomed to failure,
that one city, after all, is worth another and that it will always be the same. So does he
must say that the trip and the desire to escape are in vain and that we must give it up? Maybe not.
For, first of all, it should be remembered that cities are the repositories of
genius of man. May there be palaces, museums, cathedrals, statues, monuments,
mosques, all these testimonies of antiquity, grandeur, wealth, constant objects
of our admiration.
Yes, the city is the very image of our civilization.
Moreover, to discover this beauty, to find the taste of escape, it is enough
above all to visit the cities far from the crowds of travelers, far from the hordes of tourists. he
you have to stroll at will, get away from it all, take a street and then into another, surprise
an unusual scene, sit on the bench of a small square surrounded by beautiful buildings
old and taste the charm of the place. You have to dare to open doors, take a curious eye on
paved courtyards, adorned with statues, you have to enter an old church and appreciate the
majesty and serenity that emerge from its vaults and columns. You have to become a
indiscreet pedestrian, an explorer walker, eager for dreams and freedom!
Here is the summary of the previous text. Fill in the gaps with the following words:

disillusionment - landscapes - wonders - resemble each other - escape - mythical - dreams

If the ………………………………. exotic can seduce us, cities with names mythical keep all their appeal. Certainly, at first glance, we can sometimes feel a kind of ………………………………… .. in front of cities which are becoming commonplace, which
tend to ……………………………………………. all.


And yet, this is where the great artistic ……………………………… ..
of our civilization, it is also there that a curious, solitary walker will be able to ……………
away from the crowds and off the beaten track, and give shape to its …………………… ..

Oral exercise

Travel shapes the young.

What do you think of this proverb?

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Find the right definition in the following list
nature - escape - magic - detour - civilization - serenity - a myth - a route - a pedestrian - a walker


1.the art of producing wonderful effects by invoking the power of supernatural forces
2. a legendary tale featuring imaginary characters (gods, demigods, hero, natural elements) in an allegorical way
3. all social, religious, intellectual, artistic, scientific and techniques of a company
4.a person walking (in town, on a road)
5.the set of natural systems and phenomena
6.the feeling of calm and appeasement which provides a state of well-being
7.a person walking around
8.Straying from the most direct path
9.a path to follow in a trip, a hike or a sports course
10. the act of distraction, of escaping everyday life

 


Adventure vacations or "all-inclusive" packages?
Which option do you prefer and why?

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What to bring when you go to the Ardennes with the scouts for a
ten days?


First of all, you have to take a big ……………………………………….


Scouts love nature. They therefore sleep under the ……………………… ..


on a small ………………………………….


And as at night, it is often cold, you have to have a good ………………………………………
A true scout always carries a


……………………………………………….


for night trips. And for hiking, a ……………………………………….. can be useful !


Also take a ……………………………………………, a …………………………………….,
a …………………………………..……….


and one …………………………………………


Don't forget the ……………………………………………………


to light the fire! Finally, also take a


…………………………………… .. and a goo

d pair
……………………………………………… walking so as not to have sore feet!

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To go camping, he does everything for you! Note the correct word under each photo.
sunglasses - toothbrush - sunscreen - toilet paper - a folding chair - easy-to-prepare meals -

a cap - a change of clothes - refreshing drinks

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Do you know of other things to take to the campsite?

Let's play a little game


I go to the festival and I take 

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At your peril !


What clichés do you know about the following countries and regions?

1. Ireland            6. Spain
 2. Australia        7. Russia
 3. Sicily  8. United States
 4. China               9. India
5. Congo          10. Brazil

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Why not choose the following destinations?


Make the right combinations.
1. Colombia                                                a) There are often avalanches in these mountains
2. Canada                                                   b) It is at Johannesburg airport that we check in
                                                                         the highest rate of baggage loss.
3. South Africa                                            c) There are always hurricanes in this region.
4. The Alps                                                 d) One must participate in the rituals of the Maori.
5. Hanoi                                                      e) You have to sleep in the trees because of the bears
                                                                        grizzly bears.
6. Florida                                                    f) There is a risk of being kidnapped by the guerrillas.
7. New Zealand                                        g) Upon arrival, a band of rastas follows you and
                                                                       you let go more.
8. Jamaica                                                 h) This city is teeming with bikes and mopeds.

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The vocabulary of vacations and travel
1. Complete the following sentences with one of the words suggested below.


steering wheel - trunk - brakes - bumpers - wheels - seat belts
1. Japanese manufacturers have just launched a car full of comfort:
four seats are provided with …………………………………………………...............
And the …………………………………. is small and sporty.
2. The suspension is distributed over the four …………………………………………..........
3. The ……………………………………………… create a feeling of security.
The ……………………………. are effective.
4.But, this car can't hold much luggage, because the
……………………………… is of limited capacity.

2. Enter the genre by choosing the appropriate italicized word.


1. From the top of the hill, the panorama is impressive / impressive.
2. During the holidays, I advise you to follow an / an alternative route /
alternative.
3. This tourist office will provide you with the requested information.
4. We intend to build a / a new / new airport.
5. Before going on vacation, I always buy myself a guide to the area.

 


3. Complete the following sentences by translating the words in parentheses.
1. Two serious ………………………………… (ongeval) seriously disturbed the
traffic on …………………………………… (from autosnelweg).
2. Long …………. ………………………… (line) of cars have formed.
3. A car ………………………………………… .. (bestuurd door) a young
driver ……………………………………………… (is aangebotst tegen) a pole.
4. The first driver did not have ………………………………………………
(rijbewijs).
5. A motorist has ……………………………………. (gemist) a bend.

4. Complete with the correct preposition, if necessary.


1. They passed ……………………. this pretty corner.
2. This car struck ……………… .. a tree.
3. Did you spend your vacation ………………. the Belgian coast?
4. He bought himself a …………… .. ten-speed bicycle.
5. I was struck ……………… .. the originality of his ideas.

5. Complete the following grid.
VERB                                                                         NAME
                                                                                   (thing)
cross                                                              the …………………………………………..
arrive                                                             on …………………………………………….
fly                                                                   on …………………………………………..
walk                                                              the …………………………………………..
return                                                             on …………………………………………..
drive                                                             the …………………………………………..
pass                                                              the …………………………………………..
welcome                                                      the …………………………………………..

6. Connect the elements of the first column with their complement in the second.
Complete after the sentences.


1. miss                                                          a. a car
2. do                                                            b. a tire
3.inflate                                                       c. the hosts
4. serve                                                       d. seats
5. reserve                                                    e. full
6. doubling                                                 f. his train
7. welcome                                                g. the meal

                1. It is very dangerous to ………………………………………. a car on this narrow                               road.
               2. The tire on my bicycle is flat and I am trying in vain to …………………….
               3. The receptionist at this hotel greeted her. …………… ... ……………… ..

 


7. Complete the following sentences with one of the suggested words.


by hitchhiking - by bicycle - on foot - by train - by plane - by boat

1. European businessmen go to Tokyo ………………………..........
2. In Spain, few tourists travel ……………………… ..… ..: they prefer take their own car.
3. These students decided to cross the United States ………………………… .. to save the price of utilities.
4. Only trained hikers manage to climb Mont-Blanc ……………………………………… ..
5. In the past, the colonials would go to the Congo ………………………………………….........
6. The riders of the Tour de France cross France ……………………………........

 


8. What is the opposite of …
take off: the plane takes off ……………………………………… .. ………………….

Grammatical exploitation: prepositions geographic

Complete with the correct preposition.
1. Michel went to ………………… .. United States?
2. We had a great safari ………………… .. Tanzania.
3. My friends have been ………………… .. Russia for the past month.
4. I often go to ………………… .. Amsterdam.
5. We are going to visit friends ………………… .. Denmark.
6. We spend a weekend with my aunt ………………… .. Liège.

Methods of transportation

Complete with "in" or "at".
1. Tourists can visit Paris ……………… boat-fly.
2. Your grandparents are going ……………… bus to London.
3. I go to school ……………… scooter.
4. We leave ……………… plane in Argentina.
5. My legs hurt, I can't go ……………… foot.
6. Are we going for a ride ……………… bike?

CHAPTER 2: La Francophonie
Choose a destination

Rewrite this dialogue in the correct order.
a) - Normandy, why not?
b) -We would like to go to a quiet place, far from tourists.
c) -It's too far! And then I prefer the sea. What do you think of the
Brittany or Normandy?
d) -I am for. A little peace and quiet is ideal for the holidays. We can go to Puy de
Dome for example.
e) -It's a good idea! Going together is always better.
f) -What if we went on vacation together this summer?

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Put the letters back in order.


The next vacation, I _________________ (IMAEIRSA) go to Quebec, but my
friends ________________ (UONDVRAIET) to go to Belgium. In my opinion, Quebec can
be a lot more fun. We __________________ (UROARPIT) ski there and well
enjoy the winter. My friends don't like winter too much, so they _______________________
(TRRÉFPÉERIENA) rather cultural outings in Brussels.

To give his opinion

Show that we are

Match the images with the correct description.
1) Absolutely!
2) Absolutely not!
3) I am not sure.

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Pick a person and chat to choose a vacation destination.

Imagine their dialogue
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The Francophonie in pictures


Which French-speaking country is it?

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a) Observe these drawings and imagine a story. Work in small groups.
• Tell when it is.
• Give names to the characters.
• Name and describe the places.
• Invent a plot around places and characters.
• Describe the characters' feelings.

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b) Tell your story to the class members and then listen to the other stories.
Compare your made-up legends with others in a large group.


Viewing a Legend...

Compare the story you made up in the first activity and the one you just see and hear.

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A Canadian Legend: The White Lady


Do you know Montmorency Falls, on the Côte-de-Beaupré, very close to Quebec? Over the years, several
people have sworn to have seen there, when night falls, a feminine silhouette, thin and white. It's Mathilde's Robin, who died in 1759. Or rather, that of the ghost of this
woman we now call: the White Lady...
Let's go back in time to 1759: Mathilde lives on the Côte-de-Beaupré. She is fully happy: at the end in the summer, she will marry the handsome Louis, the one who makes
his heart. Mathilde sewed her wedding dress herself, white, as it should. Some rumors are hovering over Quebec, that the English would like to seize the city, but Mathilde doesn't pay too much attention to it. Nothing can darken his happiness...


Nothing except war. Because on July 31, everything changes. Suddenly cries are heard: the
English are there, at the foot of the fall! They want to take Quebec into the hands of France!
Women and children take refuge in the forest to wait for the end of the fighting. The
men will lend a hand to the French soldiers. The courageous Louis kisses
Mathilde and promises to come back soon.

The Battle of Montmorency Falls lasts a few days. When it finally ceases, despite
the sad picture of soldiers from both camps dead here and there, cries of joy rise in
the sky of Quebec: the French have won! Victory! The men return to the forest to
find their loved ones. With a heavy heart, Mathilde waits. Louis does not come back. Almost
all are back, now… and Mathilde waits, again and again.
A commander tells him the terrible news: Louis is dead in action. He won't come back
not. Mad with pain, she runs to her house, puts on her white wedding dress, poses
her veil over her hair. Mathilde Robin then heads for the waterfall where her fiancé and
she loved to walk so much.
This fall at the foot of which Louis perished. The full moon lights up her fragile silhouette.
Mathilde opens her arms wide. In a last moan of pain, she
drops into the tumultuous waters of Montmorency Falls. We say that his
the veil was blown away and it landed on the rocks. When the people of La Côtede-Beaupré passed by, the next day, a new waterfall had appeared. We
called it the Bridal Veil. It is still there, just to the left of the waterfall.
Today, two and a half centuries later, if you go through Montmorency Falls, the
night, you will no doubt see a frail young girl in a long white dress.
This is the ghost of Mathilde, the White Lady. You can even hear him moan
as far as the island of Orleans. If you see her, don't get too close... They say
all those who tried to touch the dress of the beautiful Mathilde knew a death
brutal a few days later... So just look at the Veil of the
bride and this White Lady, who forever mourns the death of her fiancé.

Survey
a) Is the title of the legend appropriate?
If yes, why ? If not, what title would you give it, and for what reasons?


b) What touches you most about this legend?


c) Do you know of another version of this legend, or a similar legend? told in other countries?

1 / Montmorency Falls is located on the Côte-de-Beaupré, very close to _____________
2 / Mathilde Robin died in _____________
3 / Mathilde Robin's ghost is now called _____________________________
4 / At the end of the summer, Mathilde will marry the beautiful __________________
5 / Mathilde sewed her ____________________________________________ herself
6 / On July 31, everything changed, because the English wanted to seize the city. It's here
___________________________________________________________
7 / The men, including Mathilde's fiancé, will lend a hand to the soldiers
__________________________
8 / Meanwhile, the women and children take refuge in the ________________
to wait for the end of the fighting.
9 / A commander tells Mathilde a terrible news: her fiancé died in
______________________
10 / Wearing her wedding dress and veil, Mathilde lets herself be __________________
in the tumultuous waters of Montmorency Falls

Famous Belgians

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Choose the Belgian characters from the following list:


André Delvaux - Godefroy de Bouillon - Benoît Poelvoorde - Georges Simenon - Justine
Henin - André Delvaux - Zénobe Gramme

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French gastronomy


The cuisine of Western France


Normandy - Brittany - Bordeaux - Toulouse

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The sea provides the raw material for the trays
of seafood and fish in
…………………………… .... She uses butter,
apple and cream.
The …… .. …………………. ………… .. produces
alcoholic drinks like cider and
Calvados.
…………………………… .. is known for its
wine.
The Midi-Pyrénées region is very famous for its
production of goose or duck foie gras.
The region of …………………………… .. …… .. is
recognized for its sausage production, which
can also accompany cassoulet.

The cuisine of Eastern France

 


Champagne - Côte d'Azur - Camargue - Burgundy

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The Provence-Alpes region
……………………… is the first region
producer of citrus, vegetables, fruit and
of herbs, olives and olive oil in
France.
The ……………………………… ... has
Paddy fields. The most emblematic alcohol of the
Provencal region is the famous Pastis to taste
anise.
The ……………………………… .. is known for
its snails, its poultry and its beef. The region
of Dijon is also renowned for its
mustard. There are many dishes to
based on pork, game and beer.
Game and pork are also very popular in
……………………………… .., even if this
region derives its fame mainly from its white wine
effervescent, called champagne.

Overseas cuisine


French cuisine also finds
specialties in its former colonies,
today overseas departments or territories. In view of the geographical location of these
regions (Indian Ocean, Caribbean, Pacific),
African, American, Indian influences,
Asians, or Oceanians are felt. We
It is often called the kitchen "………………… ..".
Also we find dishes like the curry of
chicken or duck with vanilla on the island of
Meeting; colombo, a variant of curry, in
West Indies, ...
All these regions however have a point
common: punch and rum, to consume
with moderation !

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Choose the right answer.


1. A quiche Lorraine is:
[] a kind of pizza
[] a tart with eggs, cheese and bacon
[ ] a fruit pie


2. A sauerkraut is:
[] a Parisian dish made with poultry
[] a Norman dish made with blood sausage
[] an Alsace dish made with white cabbage and pork


3. A boeuf bourguignon is:
[] a winter dish made with beef, red wine and mushrooms
[] a leek soup
[] a mashed potato with wine.


4. A ratatouille is:
[] a red meat dish
[] a vegetarian dish made with tomatoes, peppers and zucchini
[] a dish made with fish and tomatoes

Make assumptions about the meaning of these expressions
a) It's the icing on the cake
b) Telling salads
c) Fall in the apples
d) Be a good pear
e) Make a whole cheese out of it
f) Have the mustard rising to the nose
g) Breaking sugar on someone's back
h) Having work to do
i) Be tall as three apples
j) Put butter in the spinach
k) Be milk soup

 


Associate each expression with its definition
1- Improve your living conditions
2- Faint, feel unwell
3- Have a tendency to get angry very suddenly
4- get angry
5- Be small
6- Saying bad things about someone in their absence
7- Being too kind, naive
8 - lie
9- Designates the small detail in addition or in excess
10- Have a lot of work
11- Make a big deal out of little, exaggerate

Grammatical exploitation: Revision of the present and the past
 

Simple present


1. Verbs ending in -er (endings: -e, -es, -e, -ons, -ez, -ent)


Attention:                   1. the verbs in -ger = we swim (g + e before o, a, u)
                                    2. the verbs in -cer = we launch (ç before o, a, u)
                                    3. the verbs in -eCer = e becomes è before a silent e
                                        (I buy, you buy, he / she / we buy, they / they buy)
                                    4. verbs in -éCer = é becomes è before a silent e
                                        (I hope, you hope, he / she / we hope, they hope)
                                    5.verbs in -eter: double t before a silent e
                                        (I throw, you throw, he / she / we throw, they / they throw)
                                    6.verbs in -eler: double l devent a silent e
                                        (I call, you call, he / she / we call, they call)


2. Verbs in -re (endings: -ds, -ds, -d, -dons, -dez, -dent)


Attention:          -take, learn, understand, ...
                           -mit, allow, promise,.

3. The verbs in -oir / -evoir (endings: -çois, -çois, -çoit, -cevons, -cevez, -çivent)
Attention:          duty, power, will, see

4. Verbs ending in -ir
                             1. First group
open: open - ir
I open
you open
he / she / we open
we open
you open
they open
~ to welcome, to cover, to gather, to discover, to offer, to suffer

 


                            2. Second group
finish: end - ir
I finish
you finish
he / she / we end - it
we finish
you finish
they end
~ choose, provide, grow, gain weight, lose weight, feed, obey, pale, react, reflect, fill, succeed, blush, grab, dirty, grow old

                        3. Third group
leave: leave - go to                       sleep:  sleep - ir                                     serve: serv - ir
           I leave - s                                         I sleep - s                                              I serve - s
          you go - s                                        you sleep - s                                        you will - s
   he / she / we leave                          he / she / we sleep                          he / she / we serve
     we are leaving us                                sleeping                                        we are serving us
         do you go                                     do you sleep                                do you serve yourself
        they leave                                        they sleep                                           they serve

 

 

lie: lie - ir                                         feel: feel - ir                                           go out: go out - ir
      I lead - s                                            I feel - s                                                       I get out - s
      you lead - s                                       you feel - s                                                  you get out
 he / she / we lie -                            he / she / we feel -                          he / she / we go out

        we lie                                            we feel                                                         we go out
       you lie                                        do you feel                                                    you go out
       they lie                                         they feel                                                      they go out

5. Irregular verbs


have             have have have have have have have have
be                 am are are are are are are
go                 go go go go go go
do                 do do do do do do do do
say                say say say say say say


Verbs in -er:     to speak speak speak speak speak speak speak speak
Verbs ending in -re:      render render render render render render render render
put on  put on put on put on put on
take      take take take take take take take


Verbs ending in -ir:        go go  go  go  go  go  go  go  go
                                      finish finished  finished  finished  let's finish  finish  finish
                                      open open   open   open   open   open   open

The verbs in -oir:  receive      receive receive receive receive receive receive receive
                              must          must must must must must must
                              see             see see see see see see see see
                              believe       believe believe believe believe believe believe
                              can             can can can can can can can
                              want           want want want want want want
                              come         come come come come come come come come
                              hold           hold hold hold hold hold hold hold
                              follow         follow follow follow follow
                            drink wood wood drink drink drink drink
                           run run run run run run run
                           laugh laughs laughs laughs laughs laughs

                           break up break up break up break up break up break up
                           know know know know know know know know
                           live live live live live live live live
                           read read read read read
                           write write write write write write write
                           drive drive drive drive drive drive
                            lead
                           build build build build let's build build
                           build
                           know know know know know know know
                           know
                         die die die die die die die
                          have to

Past tense
1. The regular verbs

-the verbs in -er: I have ... é 

-the verbs in -re: I have ... u

-the verbs in -oir: I have ... u

-the verbs in -ir: I have ... i

2. Irregular verbs
learn                                                         I learned
to have                                                     I had
drink                                                         I drank
understand                                              I understood
drive                                                         I drove
to know                                                    I knew
build                                                         I built
run                                                            I ran
believe                                                     I believed
to become                                               I have become, I have become
duty                                                          I had to
say                                                            I said
write                                                         I wrote
to be                                                        I was
do                                                            I did
have to                                                    have had to
read                                                         I read
put                                                           I put
die                                                           I am dead I am dead
to be born                                              I was born, I was born
offer                                                        I offered
open                                                       I opened
allow                                                       I have allowed
raining                                                    it rained
power                                                     I could
take                                                         I took
promise                                                   I promised
receive                                                     I received
come back                                               I came back, I came back
laugh                                                        I laughed
to know                                                    I knew
to suffer                                                    I suffered
follow                                                        I followed
hold on                                                     I want
come                                                        i came i came
live                                                            I lived
to want                                                     I wanted

Home to be

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Overview of the past tense

pronominal verb: to be

 

I woke up
I got up
I got dressed
I washed myself
I shaved
I hurried
I walked around
I rested
I undressed
I fell asleep
I went to bed

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

+ e (feminine)
+ s (plural)

verb of movement: to be

 

REGULAR
I went
I arrived
he is dead
I came down
I entered
I went
i passed
i came home
I returned
I came out
I fell

 


IRREGULAR
I was born
he is dead
I became
i came

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

+ e (feminine)
+ s (plural)

the other verbs: to have

REGULAR
I spoke (verb in -er)
I have finished (verb in -ir)
I have rendered (verb in -re)
I saw (verb in --oir)

 


IRREGULAR
I've had
I was
I did
I have learned
I get it
I said
I wrote
I put
I took
I laughed
I followed
I drank
I have known
I ran
I thought
I had to
I read
I could
I received
I knew
I wanted
I offered
I suffered
I drove
I built
I translated
it rained

The imperfect

radical of the present with us + -ais
                                                     -ais
                                                      was
                                                      we
                                                      would
                                                      were

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Example:   take I took
                   you were taking
                   he / she / we were taking
                   we were taking
                   you took
                   they took

Attention:  being I was
                   you were
                   he / she / we were
                   we were
                   you were
                   they were

Exercises


1. Conjugate verbs in the present indicative with the persons indicated.


find (2nd sing.) ................................                         to leap (2nd sing.) ................................
visit (1 ° plur.) …………. ………… ..                        brown (1st plur.) .................................
add (1st sing.) ................................                           warn (1st sing.) ...................................
change (1 ° plur.) ................................                      return (1 ° plur.) ...................................
call (2 ° plur.) ................................                             take (2 ° plur.) ......................................
freeze (3rd sing.) ................................                      choose (3rd sing.) ................................
graze (3rd plur.) ................................                        to flower (3 ° plur.) ................................



2. Same exercise
have (2nd sing.) ................................              follow (2nd sing.) .................................
know (1st plur.) ................................                understand (1 ° plur.) ...........................
power (1 ° sing.) ................................              to leave (1st sing.) ................................
to be (1st plur.) ................................                see (1 ° plur.) ........................................
go (2 ° plur.) ................................                     perceive (2 ° plur.) ................................
must (3rd sing.) ................................               serve (3rd sing.) ....................................
to hold (3 ° plur.) ................................             come (2 ° plur.) .....................................



3. Write the feminine verbs of the 3rd person of the past tense.
listen (3rd sing.) ......................................                      have (3 ° plur.) .....................................
to leave (3rd sing.) ............................….                      to arrive (3 ° plur.) ................................
come (3rd sing.) ................................                           put (3 ° plur.) .......................................
take (3rd sing.) ................................                             to be (3 ° plur.) ....................................
go (3rd sing.) ................................                               to become (3 ° plur.) ............................



4. Write the verbs in the past tense.
1. A meeting (to be held) .......................................... ................................ at school.
2. We (take) ............................................ ................. an important decision.
3. He (hurt himself) ........................................... ..................................... on your finger.
4. They (repaint) ............................................ .................................... bedroom.
5. She (enter) ............................................ ................... in the classroom.
6. You (follow) ............................................ ......................................... the trail.

5. Write the verbs in imperfect.
In the past, we (harvest) ............................................ ........................................ with family.
There (to be) ............................................. ........ one day for each. First, in the tanks,
we (sweep) ......................................... dust, we ( dislodge) ........................................
spiders, then we (cut) ........................................ .. the clusters.

6. Write the verbs in the 1st person of the imperfect.
load (1st sing.) ................................                    shout (1st plur.) ...................................
lead (1 ° sing.) ................................                     try (1 ° plur.) .........................................
force (1 ° sing.) ................................                    to dress (1 ° plur.) ................................    

 

 

The three sentences of Julius Caesar

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CHAPTER 3: Reading a story in the past tense


The fairytale

What is a tale?
Here are some elements that can be found in a tale. Tell which ones are part
of a fictitious world and which could be real. Who are the bad guys in general?

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a wolf - a witch - an ogre - a prince - a fairy - a frog - a princess -a horse - a dragon - a dwarf - a snake - a mermaid - a unicorn - a pig - a cat - a magician

In a tale, there is always the same pattern:
-an initial situation
-a disruptive element
-tests / adventures
-a final situation

Little Red Riding Hood


Once upon a time there was a little village girl, the most
awake that one would have known how to see: her mother was
mad, and his grandmother even crazier.
This good woman made him do a little
red riding hood which suited him so well, that
everywhere he was called Little Red Riding Hood.

One day, her mother, having cooked and made pancakes, said to her: "Go and see how your
grandmother because I was told she was sick. Carry him a cake and this little pot of
Butter. Little Red Riding Hood immediately left to go to his grandmother, who
36
lived in another village. Passing through a wood, she met friend the Wolf,
who really wanted to eat it; but he did not dare, because of a few loggers who were
in the forest.
He asked her where she was going. The poor child, who didn't know it was dangerous to
stop listening to a wolf, said to him: I am going to see my grandmother, and bring her a pancake,
with a little pot of butter, which my mother sends her. - Does she live far away? Told him
wolf. - Oh ! yes, said Little Red Riding Hood; it is beyond the mill that you see everything
there, at the first house in the village. - Well ! said the Wolf, I want to go see him too:
I am going this way, and you are going this way; and we'll see who sooner
will be.

The Wolf began to run with all his might on the shortest path, and the little one
girl went by the longest path, having fun picking nuts, chasing after
butterflies, and to make bouquets of the little flowers she encountered.
It wasn't long before the Wolf arrived at grandmother's house; he hits: knock, knock.
- Who is here ? - It's your daughter, Little Red Riding Hood, said the Wolf, mocking his
voice, which brings you a pancake and a little pot of butter, which my mother sends you. -
The good grandmother, who was in her bed, because she was feeling a little unwell, shouted at her
: Pull the string, the latch will open. - The Wolf pulled the peg, and the door swung open. he
threw himself on the good woman, and devoured her in no time, because there were more than three days
that he hadn't eaten.
Then he closed the door, and went to sleep in grandmother's bed, waiting for the little one.
Red Riding Hood, who, some time later, knocked on the door: knock, knock. - Who is here ?
- Little Red Riding Hood, who heard the Wolf's loud voice, was afraid at first, but,
believing that his grandmother had a cold, replied: It is your daughter, Little Riding Hood
red, which brings you a pancake and a little pot of butter, which my mother sends you.
- The Wolf shouted to him, softening his voice a little: Pull the peg, the bobbin will be looking for.
- Little Red Riding Hood pulled the peg, and the door opened. The Wolf, seeing her enter,
said to him, hiding in the bed, under the blanket: Put the pancake and the little pot of butter
on the hutch, and come and lie down with me. Little Red Riding Hood undresses, and goes
get into bed, where she was astonished to see how her grandmother was made in
his negligee.

- She said to him: My grandmother, you have great arms! - It’s for better
kiss you, my daughter! - My grandmother, what great legs you have! - This is
to run better, my child! - My grandmother, how big ears you have! -
This is to listen better, my child! - My grandmother, that you have big eyes
! - This is to see you better, my child! - My grandmother, that you have great
teeth! - It's to eat you! And, saying these words, this wicked wolf threw himself on the
Little Red Riding Hood, and ate it.

In the tale you just read, which elements correspond to the different points
of the diagram:
-the initial situation
-the disruptive element
-the trials / vicissitudes
-the final situation

1. How does the tale of Red Riding Hood end?
2. Suggest another ending to this tale.
Restore order to this other tale.
a) The king, impressed by the castle, offers his daughter's hand to the miller's son.
b) The cat regularly brings game to the king, for several months saying that
this is from the "Marquis de Carabas".
c) The cat is gifted with speech. Against a bag and a pair of boots, he wants to
fortune of his master.
d) The king's daughter instantly falls in love with him.
e) An old miller dies and leaves all these goods to his three sons: The eldest inherits the mill,
the youngest of the donkey, and the youngest of the cat.
f) The cat presents its master to the king and the girl.
g) The cat gets rid of an ogre and presents the ogre's castle as that of
his master.

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d31.PNG

What is the title of this tale (by Charles Perrault)?
_______________________________________________

d32.PNG

It's yours ! Write a few sentences like a fairy tale, drawing inspiration from
images below.

 
                     Once upon a time...

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d34.PNG

Tell a memory


Jam tasting

1. The view
Look at the jars of jam and write the name of the fruit.

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2. Smell


Smell the jars of jam and write the name of the fruit.

3. The taste


Taste the jams and write the name of the fruit

a) Classify the 3 jams you prefer:

d36.PNG

b) Write the jam you like the least: ………...…………………………………..


c) Find in the class the student who has the same tastes as you

"It had been many years since, in Combray, all that was
the theater and the drama of my bedtime no longer existed for me,
when on a winter day, when I was coming home, my mother,
seeing that I was cold, offered to get caught, against my
usually a little tea. I refused at first and, I don't know why,
I delighted. She sent for one of those short, plump cakes
called Petites Madeleines which seemed to have been molded in the
valve grooved from a scallop shell.

And soon, mechanically, overwhelmed by the dreary day and the prospect of a sad
the next day, I brought to my lips a spoonful of the tea in which I had softened a
piece of madeleine. But the very moment the mingled sip of the cake crumbs
touched my palate, I flinched, attentive to what was going on inside me. A
delicious pleasure had invaded me, isolated, without the notion of its cause. He immediately gave me back
the vicissitudes of indifferent life, its harmless disasters, its illusory brevity, of the
the same way love works, filling me with a precious essence: or rather
that essence was not in me, it was me. I had stopped feeling mediocre,
contingent, mortal. Where could this powerful joy have come from? I felt she was related
to the taste of tea and cake, but that it exceeded it infinitely, should not be
same nature. Where did she come from? What did she mean? »M …………… .. P …… .. …… ... ……

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................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

And you ? Is there a food that reminds you of your childhood? ……………………………… ..
Tell a memory related to this food:

The vocabulary of the beginning and the end, of continuity and the break

1. Write the opposite of the words in italics in the following sentences.
1. Classes start at eight o'clock and ………… .. ……………………. at five 'o' clock.
2. My sister always arrives early at the station.
…………………………………………………
3. I can't find the entrance to this building.
………………………………………………….
4. The initial scenes in this film shocked many viewers.
………………………………………………….
5. My watch moves forward five minutes.
………………………………………………….

2. Write the correct preposition.
1. Suddenly he started ………………… laughing.
2. This girl doesn't stop ……………… .. annoying my son.
3. He put himself in a ………………… issue.
4. First, he got rid of ………………… .. all his enemies.


3. Give a verb with the same stem of the proposed words.
1. limitation
You have to know …………………………………… .. your desires.
2. the introduction
I count on him to …………………………………… .. in this matter.
3. the break
After this incident, she wanted ……………………………… .. ……… her engagement.
4.the foundation
After years of working abroad, he wanted to ……………………… ..…. a hearth.

4. Give an adjective with the same radical and make the right adaptations.
1. continuity
His complaints ………………………………………. ……. tire me out.
2. the beginning
For this role, the director hired an actor…. ……………………………….
3. provocation
This gesture …………………………………… caused him a lot of problems.

5. Connect the verbs in the first column with their complement in the second and then complete the sentences given below.
1. achieve                                                                         a. work
2. stop                                                                              b. contract
3. complete                                                                     c. a secret
4. take                                                                              d. a goal
5. keep                                                                             e. an artwork
6. break up                                                                      f. an initiative

1. If you know how to keep a …………………………………, I will tell you what happened.
2. Death prevented him from completing his ………………………………… .........
3. The minors decided to stop on …………………………………… ..… for 48
hours.
4. For our company, we are looking for a young employee who likes to take
………………………………………………………
5. They absolutely want to reach their ………………………………………

6. Complete the following grid and use one of the new terms in the sentences  data.
VERB                                 NAME                                NAME                                ADJECTIVE
                                          (thing)                                (person)
found                      the ……………………….       the …………………
…………………..   the ……………………….       the beginner                            beginner
…………………..   the ……………………….       the creator                                 creator
…………………..   the ……………………….       the conservative                     conservative
…………………..   the provocation                      the provocateur                 …………………….

1. She considers the ………………………………………… of nature as a
top priority.
2. He tried to …………………………………………… the old lady to see her
reaction.
3. The ……………………. ………………………… artistic demand a great deal
concentration.
4. ……………………………………… in the world of cinema is generally a
difficult experience.
5. We have just inaugurated a bust of the ………. ……………………………… of the clinic.

An unforgettable day off ...
1. Read the title of this story first. What does he remind you of? Why that
would the day be unforgettable? Make assumptions. Also look at the illustration.
B. Then read the whole story.


C. And you? Have you never experienced incredible moments? A day when everything
did you succeed, or just nothing at all?
Tell others about this experience (describe the setting - introduce the characters -
introduce the event and expand on it - tell the end of the story).

D. Reconstruct the story by putting the sentences in the correct order.
a) Manon phones her parents.
b) Manon cleans the oven.
c) Geraldine's mother offers Manon to stay with them.
d) Manon hears the engine of a car.
e) The butcher's customers leave the store.
f) Manon lights the oven.
g) Manon walks to the village.
h) Manon goes to look for the newspaper in the mailbox.
i) Geraldine makes fun of Manon.
j) The door closes.
k) Manon's dad hands her a soap.
l) Manon's mother doesn't notice anything.

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Grammatical exploitation: The agreement of the participle
past and the concordance of times

Describe these images paying attention to the agreement (subject-verb / noun)!

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The agreement (subject-verb / noun-adjective)

Match the following adjectives.
1. I bought (fresh) fruits and vegetables at the market.
2. Women and scents are (subtle).
3. Wouldn't you like to have a more (interesting) job and salary?
4. Yves and his little sister were often (alone) at home.
5. Michele and Elise must be (warned) immediately.

 


Match the verbs below.
1. You who (being) young, you could do something.
2. You, who (know) so many things, explain to me this mystery.
3. I, who don't (be) as learned as you, don't understand a thing.
4. You, who (love) the cinema, you absolutely must go and see this film.
When there are several subjects:

You and her get along very well.               2 + 3 = 2
You and I will welcome the guests.           2 + 1 = 1                       1> 2> 3
She and I are still together.                        3 + 1 = 1


Complete the following sentences.
1. You, Chloe and I (know) ........................................ .............................. what happened
past.
2. Him, you and them (succeed) ........................................ ................................... your studies
secondary.
3. It is my father and I who (to be) ..................................… .. ............................. Venus.

it's                           + 1st person                                        me, us
                                    2nd person                                      you you
                                    3rd person singular                         he she, …

they are                  + 3rd person plural                            them, they, …

Translate in French.

1. There is a lot of noise here

. … ................................................. .................................................. .........................................

2. There are more girls in the class.

… ................................................. .................................................. ...........................................

3. Who are those people? Those are my colleagues.
… ................................................. .................................................. .........................................
4. Is that you in that picture? Yes, we are.
… ................................................. .................................................. .........................................

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1. The subject + a relative pronoun (who, that):
Did you make this decision?                                             grant
They will take the initiative.

2. The subject expresses a quantity:
Many workers went on strike.
Most students will succeed in                                     plural agreement
examination.

Complete the following sentences.
1. There are enough students who (want) ...................................................................... participate in the competition.
2. A fly stung all those who (being, imperfect) .......................................................... on the scene.
3. It is I who (to be) ................................................................... came.
4. They are the ones who (do) ..................................................................... the preparations.
5. The text to you (to be sent, past tense) ............................................................. the October 13.
6. Most of the students (applaud, past tense) ............................................................ the play performed by these young actors.
7. The majority of the inhabitants (reunite, past tense) ......................................................

The past participle chord: The crowd (É. Piaf)

Made the agreement if necessary.
I see the city in celebration and delirium
Suffocating under the sun and under the joy
And I hear in the music the screams, the laughter
That burst and bounce around me
And lost ...... among these people who jostle me
Dazed ......, distraught ......, I stay there onbezonnen /
ontredderd
When suddenly I turn around he pulls back
And the crowd comes to throw me into their arms
Carried away ...... by the crowd that drags us, carries us away
Crushed ...... one against the other, we are one body
And the flow, effortlessly, pushes us, chained ...... both

And leaves us both fulfilled ......, drunk ...... and happy ontloken / bedwelmd
Carried away by the rushing crowd
And who dances a crazy farandole
Our two hands remain united ......
And sometimes raised ...... our two entwined bodies ...... fly away
And both fall back blooming ......, intoxicated ...... and happy

And the joy splashed ...... by his smile
Pierces me and shoots back inside me
But suddenly I cry out among the laughter
When the crowd comes to tear her from my arms
Carried away ...... by the crowd that drags us, carries us away
Pull us apart, I struggle and I struggle loswringen
But the sound of my voice muffles in the laughter of the other stikken
And I scream in pain and fury and rage
And i cry
Carried away by the rushing crowd
And who dances a crazy farandole
I am carried away ...... far away
And I clench my fists, cursing the crowd that robs me vervloekend
The man she gave me ......
And that I never found ......

1. The past participle agreement with "to be"
* Rule :
with "to be", agreement is made with the subject
* Example:
Hélène has already left.


2. The past participle agreement with "to have"
* Rule :
with "have", the agreement is made with the COD if it is in front of the verb
* Example:
My friends, I met them last week.
* BUT: when the COD is "in", the agreement is not made!
* Examples:        Here are the photos I took.
                            I took a lot.

Exercises


1. Transform and tune the past participle.


 I believe everything is ready for our reception.


                      1. The invitations - send The invitations, I sent them.
                      2. The room - book
                          ..........................................................................................................................
                      3. Flowers - order
                          ...........................................................................................................................
                     4. Drinks - buy
                         ..........................................................................................................................

                    5. Tablecloths - ironing
                         .................................................. .................................................. .......................
                   6. Champagne bottles - refrigerate
                         .................................................. .................................................. .......................


Everything is fine, I just have to go and choose a beautiful dress!

2. Underline the correct form of the past participle.


Departure abroad


1. Your suitcase, did you pack / pack it?
2. Your plants, did you bring them in / in?
3. Who did you leave / leave your keys with?
4. The concierge, did you warn / warn her?
5. Your passport, haven't you forgotten / forgotten?
6. Have you written down the address of the people you go to?
7. Your credit card, did you get it right?
8. And your vaccines, did you take them?

 


3. Put the verbs in the past participle and agree.
1. This year / grandmother / die
2. A girl / being born
3. His parents / go / Canada
4. They / walk / in the small streets
5. They / buy themselves / a cone of fries
6. They / have fun / throw stones at birds
7. Natasha / applying makeup / carefully
8. Natasha / brushing your teeth
9. Natasha / painting your nails

  

The rules of the past participle chord

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Examples:

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Match verbs in parentheses.
1. I had (collect) ... ......................................... ................ his last wishes.
2. The three canvases he has (buy) ... ..................................... ............. are very beautiful.
3. The stock market session was (closed) ... .................................... ... on a very low
important.
4. The director had (reserve) ... ....................................... ................. the small living room.
5. Everything had happened as he had (predicted) ... .................................. .......................
6. From father to son, the Duponts were (succeeded) ... .................................. ................ to the
head of this store.
7. What efforts do you have (to do)… ....................................... ....................?
8. You have (leave)… .......................................... ........ spend too much time before
get to work.
9. As soon as she had (noticed) ... ..................................... ................ of her error, she has
changed attitude.
10. She (made) ... ........................................ ...... make a beautiful dress.
11. They are (talking) ... ......................................... ...................… ..

Reflexive verbs


She fainted
She was away
1. The past participle remains invariable if the pronominal verb is followed by a complement
direct object

She washed in ten minutes (= she washed herself)
She washed her hair (= she washed her hair)
Her hair, she washed it last night.
2. The participle remains invariable if the verb, when it is in the non pronominal form, is
constructed with the preposition to

They called each other (phone someone)
They looked at each other (looking at someone)
They loved each other (love someone)
They smiled at each other (smile at someone)

Tense concordance: Past tense or imperfect?
Conjugate past tense and imperfect verbs

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I was dreaming, all at
stroke …
I was in the process of …
I ...

Exercises

1. Tell the story in the past tense.
this (being) the night - this (being) the winter - it (making) dark - there (is) a lot of wind - (being) alone in
home - (hear) someone who (knock) on the door - (be) afraid - (open) - there is
(have) nobody - (close) the door - (sit) by the fireside with a cup of milk
hot - (fall asleep)
………………………………………………………………………………………………… ..
………………………………………………………………………………………………… ..
………………………………………………………………………………………………… ..

………………………………………………………………………………………………… ..
………………………………………………………………………………………………… ..
………………………………………………………………………………………………… ..
………………………………………………………………………………………………… ..
2. Put the verbs in parentheses in the past tense or imperfect.
Explorer Alexandrea David-Neel's First Voyage:
It was in 1883. Alexandra (being) 15 years old. She (spend) her holidays in Belgium with
his parents. One day she (take) the money from her savings and she (leave). It (being) summer.
She (cross) Holland on foot. Then she (take) the boat to England. When
she (arriving) in London, she (writing) to her parents because she (being) without money.
………………………………………………………………………………………………… ..
………………………………………………………………………………………………… ..
………………………………………………………………………………………………… ..
………………………………………………………………………………………………… ..
………………………………………………………………………………………………… ..

3. Put verbs in parentheses in the correct past tense form.
Jeanne Calment was 120 years old in 1995. She recounts her memories:
I remember. We (live) in Arles, in the south of France. My parents (have) a
store and the painter Van Gogh (coming) to the store to shop. I (see) also the
poet Frédéric Mistral. He (being) a friend of my dad. I (love) Charles too
Trenet, when he (singing) La Mer ... But, wait, it's not the same time! When
I (meet) Van Gogh, I (be) 14 years old. When I (listen to) Charles Trenet, I (have) 80
years !
………………………………………………………………………………………………… ..
………………………………………………………………………………………………… ..
………………………………………………………………………………………………… ..
………………………………………………………………………………………………… ..
………………………………………………………………………………………………… ..

4. Put verbs in the past tense or imperfect.
Last Saturday I (go) into town with my friend. We (visit) the Botanical Garden. See it)
wonderful things: the flowers (being) really beautiful, the birds (singing) and the
sun (shine). There (be) a lot of lovers who (walk) hand in hand.
Others (kissing) on ​​the benches. Suddenly, the sun (leaving), we (entering) in a
coffee, we (have) a drink and we (talk) with the waiter. When we (go out), the sun
(shine).
………………………………………………………………………………………………… ..
………………………………………………………………………………………………… ..
………………………………………………………………………………………………… ..
………………………………………………………………………………………………… ..
………………………………………………………………………………………………… ..
………………………………………………………………………………………………… ..

5. Choose between the past tense and the past tense.
Once upon a time there was a little girl who (had) such pretty blonde hair that we called her Buckle
Golden. One day, she (to go) in the forest and she (to discover) a small hut which (to be found)
in the forest. As she was curious, she (push) the door and she (enter) into a
dining room where there are (to be) three tables and three chairs. Goldilocks (being) in the
hut, when suddenly the occupants (see) the little girl.
………………………………………………………………………………………………… ..
………………………………………………………………………………………………… ..
………………………………………………………………………………………………… ..
………………………………………………………………………………………………… ..
6. Conjugate in the imperfect or the past tense.
At the police station. Interrogation of the victim:
- Explain to me what happened to you, Mademoiselle.
-Here. It was (to be) around 10:30 p.m., it (to be) night. I (come home) from the cinema, and he (not there
have) a lot of people in the street. Suddenly I (hear) footsteps behind
me, I (turn around) and I (receive) a heavy blow to the head. I (passed out).
………………………………………………………………………………………………… ..
………………………………………………………………………………………………… ..

………………………………………………………………………………………………… ..
………………………………………………………………………………………………… ..
7. Conjugate in the imperfect or the past tense.
Questioning of a witness:
- Sir, what do you have to say?
-It (be) quite late, I (be) in the living room and I (watch) the film on Arte. My wife (read)
in bed and my two other children (sleeping) in the next room. Suddenly
someone (shout) a terrible cry, so I (get up) from the chair, (open) the window and I
(see) a man who (hit) a woman. I (scream) and the man (run away).
………………………………………………………………………………………………… ..
………………………………………………………………………………………………… ..
………………………………………………………………………………………………… ..
………………………………………………………………………………………………… ..
………………………………………………………………………………………………… ..
………………………………………………………………………………………………… ..

8. Choose between the past tense and the past tense.
Swedish lady (receiving) in the mail the wallet she had lost 20 years older early. She (being) 18 when she (losing) her wallet. The wallet (contain) 195 euros. She (explain) that it (be) half of her salary then. The package (arrive) at its  home with an anonymous letter saying: “Dear Gulli, here is the wallet you (forget)
in the Wihlborg cafe, several years ago. Greetings". After reading this letter, Gulli (being) very moved and she (wanting) to find the unknown again.
………………………………………………………………………………………………… ..
………………………………………………………………………………………………… ..
………………………………………………………………………………………………… ..
………………………………………………………………………………………………… ..
………………………………………………………………………………………………… ..

9. The past tense or the imperfect?
Road accidents
It (make) night. It’s (being) the night of Thursday through Friday. Monsieur Blanc's car, which (to have)
21 years old, (skidding) and (turning around). A passenger, Mademoiselle Lallement, who (to have)
18 years old and who (to be) of French nationality, (to be) killed instantly. The driver of the
car (to be) hospitalized.
………………………………………………………………………………………………… ..
………………………………………………………………………………………………… ..
………………………………………………………………………………………………… ..
………………………………………………………………………………………………… ..
………………………………………………………………………………………………… ..
10. The past tense or the imperfect?
Horse
That night, a horse, which does not (see) the fog, (fall) into Lake Glons. It ’(to be)
a very beautiful horse, he (to be) very young. Probably the horse (walking) in the water.
The firefighters (experience) great difficulty in freeing the poor animal. He (receive)
veterinarian care.

………………………………………………………………………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………………………………………….. …………………………………………………………………………………………………..

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CHAPTER 4: Friendship, feelings

What do you think of these expressions?


Birds of a feather flock together.
We must detect the soul of a child
who is in each of us

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Give your opinion by providing examples

Which quote do you prefer?

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A best friend is like a four leaf clover;
hard to find and lucky to have it.
A true friendship is one that has lived and survived times
difficult.
Truth and tears pave the way for a deep friendship and
sustainable.
My best friend is the one who brings out the best in me.
Friendship is not just always being there when the other has it
need but also be there when all is well

Two songs about friendship


1 / Juliette Zenatti: Friends

In pairs. Tell about your best friend:
1. What is his / her name?
2. How long have you known each other?
3. What do you like about him (/ her)?
4. What are his character traits?
5. What qualities do you think friends should have?

Watch the video clip
Put the following words in the empty places:
childhood - memories (2x) - marriage - parade - forgive - scars
We have passed the ordeal of years of recklessness without too much …………………………………….
We keep the vertigo.
We are witnessing the ……………………………… .. of our first friends.
We have heard that children have grown up, happiness has its place at the edge of our eyes.
Some sentences have also left some features.
And with a smile on our face, we evoke our ……………………………………… ..
We really didn't see it coming.
In a few eyelashes, as time goes by, life ………………………………… ..
We have so many memories.
We really didn't see it coming.
In a few eyelashes, we find ourselves in front of the mirror, already 30 years of …………… ....
already 30 years of …………………… ...
Friends for life, a story forever.
We promised ourselves everything, we stuck it out.
But there was life and then its very long course.
Years have passed, friends are gone.
The others stayed, new ones came.
We were happy and sometimes disappointed.
We never imagined so often ……………………………………

2 / Miossec: Song for friends
A. Watch the beginning of the clip without sound
a) In pairs. Describe these two men. Where do you think they are and what are they doing?
b) Imagine the end of this clip. What are the two men going to do?
c) How do you find this clip: original, funny, illogical, shocking, sad? Justify your
about.
d) What do you think is the theme of the song?
_______________________________________


B. Viewing the entire clip with sound
e) What do you think the phrase "to life, to death" means? Explain it with your own
words.
__________________________________________________________________________
f) Return the actions of the two men to the order they appear.

g) Find the questions asked in the song.
My friends, my very dear friends,
Or ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… ?
On which plain, in which valley?
On which mountain, on which pier?
To lost friends
Far from the heart, far from the body
To life, to death
And the changes of scenery
To life, to death
Maybe we still love each other
How ………………………………………………………………………………………………. ?
Divorce and funeral?
Memory is like wind
No stain on the teeth
Do you still have some dreams
Or did you fall asleep on it
Are ……………………………………………………………………………………………………. ?
Will we see each other at the sports bar
To lost friends
Far from the heart, far from the body
To life, to death
And the changes of scenery
To life, to death
And to the dead that evaporate
To life, to death
Maybe we still love each other
Maybe we still love each other
Maybe we still love each other
Again

Oral exercise

Together. List all the questions you might ask a lost friend from
view. Imagine then act out a reunion scene between two friends who have not seen each other
from elementary school. You will use the past tenses: past tense and imperfect.

What is friendship?

Write your definition of friendship.
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
Check the actions common to the photos.

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[  ] share good times                                               [  ] laugh
[  ] talk                                                                       [  ] have fun
[  ] play                                                                      [  ] invite

Friendship, what is it? An example...
1. For me, friendship is sharing.
2. Invite.
3. Talk.
4. Together.


1. Get along well, eh! Get along well !
ALL Yeah, yeah, yeah, yeah!
4. Sympathy.
5. Confidence.
2. Support.
3. Help.

1. Points in common.
5. Secrets.
1. Have fun.
6. Laugh.
4. Delusions.
1. Play.
6. Play soccer, finally, play in general.
2. Outputs.
3. Cinema, etcetera.
1. And, or if not, it's sharing good times.
5. ... and ..., they are my best friends because I get along very well with them, I think
that we have things in common.
3. My best friends are ..., ... and ...
2.… is my best friend because she is very nice.
4. ... and ..., they are my best friends because they are very endearing.
They are generous and… there you go!
6.… he is athletic.
3. Me too!
6. ... he is sporty ... and funny.
3. Me too!
6. And you too!
3. And ..., she's sporty and funny.
5. “Sporty”, yes!
2. With ..., we do a lot of sport together.
Often, on Wednesday afternoons, we go shopping together.
4. We dance.
1. ... she is quite shy but, when you know her well, well, that's great.
6. I can trust him.
4. My friends are always there when I need them.
5. ... support me a lot whenever I have problems.
? Huh?

Is boy-girl friendship possible?
These people believe that when a girl
is with a boy, they want
necessarily go out together ...
I'm sorry, but boy-girl friendship
exist !

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The vocabulary of human qualities and defects
1. Give the opposite of the following words.
1.sociable: ………………………………………………
2. generous: ………………………………………………
3.interested: ………………………………………………
4. honest: ………………………………………………
5. skillful: ………………………………………………
6. careful: ………………………………………………
7. broad minded: ………………………………………………
8. modest: ………………………………………………
9. attentive: ………………………………………………
10. polite: ………………………………………………
11. patient: ………………………………………………
12. worker: ………………………………………………
13. courageous: ………………………………………………

2. Give the adjective of the same radical and use the appropriate term in the sentences
following.

1. cynicism: ……………………………………………….
2. passivity: ……………………………………………….
3. brutality: ……………………………………………….
4. pessimism: ……………………………………………….
5. sensitivity: ……………………………………………….
6. objectivity: ……………………………………………….
7. fanaticism: ……………………………………………….

8. tolerance: ……………………………………………….
9. Selfishness: ……………………………………………….
10. realism: ……………………………………………….


      1. He is the most ……………………………………… .. man I have ever met: he think of                   himself alone.
      2. She is so ……………………………………. that she admits no other  religion than his.
      3. Let us reject the subjective criteria to keep only those which are really..........……………
      4. This girl always cries when she watches romantic movies: she is                                                      very ………………………… 

3. Choose the correct term from the list.
hypocrisy - modesty - generosity - irony - sarcasm
1. Did you thank him for his ……………………………………… after he offered you
such beautiful gifts?
2. The ………………………………… is a less mean form of humor than the
…………………………………….
3. It is through ………………………………… .. that he never talks about his successes.
4. I prefer the truth to the ………………………………………… ..

 


4. Put adjectives given in parentheses in the feminine form.
1. She is very …………………………. (proud) of his success.
2. In my opinion, the rules are way too ……………………… ..… (strict) here.
3. I find this expression extremely ………………………. ……. (coarse).
4. You can't find her …………………………………. (ungrateful) after all you've done for her !
5. He loves conversations …………………………………………. (spiritual).
6. When I asked her to spare me this trip, she was very …………… .. (chic).
7. She's …………………………… (smart) enough to always get by.
8. This attitude ………………………………… (chauvinistic) gives you a lot of enemies

5. Complete the following grid
ADJECTIVE                                                     NAME
mean                                                              ………………………………………………
rude                                                               ………………………………………………
crazy                                                              ………………………………………………
fool                                                                ………………………………………………
daring                                                            ………………………………………………
rude                                                               ………………………………………………
kind                                                               ………………………………………………
virtuous                                                         ………………………………………………
energetic                                                      ………………………………………………
worthy                                                           ………………………………………………
cruel                                                              ………………………………………………
miser                                                             ………………………………………………

6. Complete the sentences by translating the Dutch words.
1. The ………………………………………… (wijsheid) comes with age.
2. Your friend has a fascinating ……………………………………… .. (persoonlijkheid).
3. Your ……………………………………… (houding) I don't like at all.
4. Don't tell ……………………………………… (dwaasheden)!
5. His ………………………………………… (koppigheid) annoys me!
6. I was drawn to his ……………………………………… (bescheidenheid).
7. He refused your offer by …………………………………… .. (lafheid).

The vocabulary of human relations


1. Complete the following grid.
VERB                                                            NAME
promise                                                       the …………………………………………….
invite                                                           the ………………………………………………
cooperate                                                  with …………………………………………….
separate                                                     the …………………………………………….
share                                                          the …………………………………………….
argue                                                         over …………………………………………….
meet                                                          the …………………………………………….
refuse                                                         on …………………………………………….

2. Complete the grid and use the correct term in the sentences.
ADJECTIVE                                              NAME
solidarity                                                   ………………………………………………..
harmony                                                   ………………………………………………..
loneliness                                                 …………………………………………….....
distrust                                                     ………………………………………………..
trust                                                          ………………………………………………..

     1. Since the assault, this old lady has been …………………………. ………. towards all
         the unknown.
     2. The sounds ………………………………………. of this concerto for piano and orchestra
          moved listeners to tears.
     3. The government wants all citizens to be ……………………………. now that there is the             crisis.

3. Complete with one of the verbs from the proposed list. Do not forget to make the agreements that prevail.
abuse - shock - trust
1. Democrats are ………………………………… by brutal repression in China.
2. Citizens blame politicians for …………………………… .. ……… their power.
3. It is dangerous to ……………………………………… .. ……. anybody.


4. Translate the word in parentheses.
1. The doctor gave me the ……………………………………… (raad) to go to the mountain this winter.
2. He was denounced by a ………………………………………. (verrader), who was in actually one of his friends.
3. It is difficult not to get confused in your ………………………………….(leugens).
4. Belgian companies are assisted by …………………………………. (medewerkers) abroad.

5. Complete the following sentences using one of the adjectives from the following list. Do not forget not to make the necessary agreements.
hostile - passionate - harmonious - authentic - intimate


1. Since his trip to Antarctica, this reporter is ………………………… .. of the
nature.
2. In modern architecture, the volumes are ……………………………………
3. The criminals are …………………………………… .. to the police.
4. The media do not respect the lives of …………………… .. ……… .. stars.
5. This film is a testimony ………………………………………… .. of the events.

6. What do you call the person...
1. who is associated with another person for dance, in a sport,…
= a p …………………………………………
2. who opposes someone in order to get the same thing
= an r ………………………………………….
3.which exercises the same profession
= a c ………………………………………….
4.which saves a person or a company
= a s ………………………………………… ..
5.which protects the weak and the poor
= a p ………………………………………… ..

Grammatical exploitation: Roots, prefixes and suffixes


Synonyms and antonyms

a) Say which lexical field these words belong to.
1) camera, film, actor, director, production
2) novel, writer, chapter, editor, story
3) melody, listen, composer, orchestra, concert
4) artist, brush, canvas, painting, color
5) choreography, ballerina, waltz, tango, slippers
6) marble, chisel, statue, tailor, chisel


b) Find the intruder.
1.aggressive / belligerent / angry / furious / brutal / abrupt / moderate / hot-tempered
2.brilliant / clairvoyant / competent / lively / restrained / resourceful / relevant / gifted
3.opaque / foggy / overcast / gloomy / dazzling / black / dark / gloomy
4.playful / cheerful / happy / happy / delighted / laughing / gloomy / cheerful


c) Guess what it is.
1. I am the opposite of the unknown.
2. I am a synonym for anxiety.
3. I am the antonym for old age.
4. I am the piano, the scores, the rhythm, the scales.


d) Take your turn to create riddles and ask them to the other students.

e) Read the following description and then paint a portrait of an opposing person.


My neighbor is Hugues. He is short, blond and has round eyes. He is rather strong and
often wears colorful clothes. He loves going out, partying and meeting people. It is
smiling and pleasant. He is an organized and punctual man. He always arrives on time for his
Appointment.

g) Associate each adjective with its opposite

f) Describe these images. Use synonyms and antonyms.

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Roots, prefixes and suffixes
1. What is the difference between a root, a prefix and a suffix?


1. The radical (the root) is the element that changes little or nothing.
For example: overtake - surpass - a passage
2. The prefix is ​​the element added to the radical to change its meaning. The
prefixes are of Latin or Greek origin.
For example: visible - invisible
3. The suffix is ​​the element that is placed behind the radical to modify the meaning. Suffixes
are different according to the grammatical classes:
For nouns / nouns:
-aire (bookseller), -ation (exploration), -eur (seller), -té (cleanliness), etc.
For adjectives:
-al (national), -able (hateful), -ible (visible), -eux (eager), etc.
For verbs:
-ify (plan), -iser (save), etc.

2. Small exercise
Circle the prefixes in blue and the suffixes in red.
a) pre-wash                                            c) performance
b) finesse                                               d) lucky


3. What is the meaning of the following prefixes?
Exercise: Put the following words (meanings) next to each corresponding prefix:
book - against - among - other - negation - of oneself - without - before - repetition - in
outside - alone

4. What is the meaning of the following suffixes?
Exercise: Find the example from the given word

5. Various exercises


1. Using the prefixes de-, dés-, mal-, misses the opposites of the following words.
a) do ..............................................                             j) pack ..........................................
b) charge ..............................................                     k) learn .........................................
c) honest ..............................................
d) hope ..............................................
e) happy ..............................................
f) obedient..............................................
g) fold ..............................................
h) luck ..............................................
i) happy ..............................................

2. Circle the prefixes and give their meaning.
a) anti-theft ..............................................
b) repeat ..............................................
c) abnormal ..............................................
d) interpersonal ..............................................


3. Circle the suffixes and indicate whether they are used in nouns or adjectives.
a) morning adjective or noun?
b) agitation adjective or noun?
c) lazy adjective or noun?
d) bearable adjective or noun?
e) adjective or noun whiteness?

4. Here are some Greek roots and some definitions. Find the word it is.
a) aero- (= air). Land where planes take off and land.
... ................................................. .......................
b) speleo- (= the cave). A person who explores the cavities of the basement.
... ................................................. .......................
c) mono- (= alone). A religion based on belief in one god.
... ................................................. ........................


6. Knowing roots, prefixes and suffixes helps us expand our French.


* Some interesting prefixes:
a) pro- means 'forward'
How do you say then              throw forward? ... ........................................................
                                                 make it last longer? .....................................................
b) outlines superiority
How do you say then            fly above? .......................................................................
                                                estimate more? .............................................................

c) en- / em- means 'move to another place'
How do you say then            put in prison? ...........................................................
                                                carry with you? ...........................................................
                                                to lead (take by the hand to lead towards)?
                                                ...........................................................

* The prefixes a- and e- mean 'make more'


Exercise: Match the following verbs with their explanation


flatten - weigh down - shorten - embellish - calm - soften - widen - lighten - calm -
fortify - rejuvenate - enlarge - slimming - lightening

make leaner = .............................................. ................... ...
make wider = .............................................. ......................
make more beautiful = .............................................. ......................
make lighter = .............................................. ......................
make it flatter = .............................................. ......................
make it shorter = .............................................. ......................
make bigger = .............................................. ......................
make clearer = .............................................. ......................
make younger = .............................................. ......................
make heavier = .............................................. ......................
make more tender = .............................................. ......................
(move)
make quiet =… .............................................. ......................
make stronger =… ............................................. .......................
calm down = ................................................ .......................

* The prefix in- fits according to the initial consonant of the word (in-, im-, ir-, il-)
What then is the opposite of:
mobile                               ... ................................................ .............

legal                                   ... ................................................ .............
real                                     ... ................................................ .............
moral                                 ... ................................................ .............
responsible                       ... ................................................ .............
readable                            …................................................ .............
achievable                        ... ................................................ .............
BUT :
visible                               ... ................................................ .............
equal                                ... ................................................ .............
correct                             ... ................................................ .............
patient                             ... ................................................ .............
useful                               …................................................ .............
careful                              …................................................ .............

* Prefixes re-, re- or r- indicate repetition
a) re- is in front of a word that begins with a consonant
For example: resume


b) d- or r- are found in front of a word that begins with a vowel
For example: react / call back

Exercise: What is the form derived from ...

appear                               ... ................................................ ............................
read                                   ... ................................................ ............................
listen                                  ... ................................................ ............................
use                                    …................................................ ............................
make                                 …................................................ ............................
turn                                   ... ................................................ ............................
to register                        …................................................ ............................
to open                           ….............................................. / … ..................................................
learn                                ….............................................. / … ..................................................

to write                           ….............................................. / … ..................................................


c) we have the form res- before a word starting with an s
For example: stand out

Exercises

1. Change the grammatical category of the word by adding a suffix. The word must become
nominal.


Example: communicate                    communication
1.private
2.occupy
3.participate
4. deprive
5.lose


2. Change the grammatical category of the word by adding a suffix. The word must become
verbal.
Example: notification                           notify
1.intensive
2. modification
3.safety
4. certification
5.planning


3. Change the grammatical category of the word by adding a suffix. The word must become
adjectival.
Example: remark                                 remarkable
1) approve

2) guilt
3) seem
4) be worth
5) neglect

 


4. In columns A / B, use: re-, re, in-, im-, il-. In column C, find the
contrary by adding a negation prefix.

5. Find words that you know that contain these prefixes and suffixes.

pre                                      -ation
in                                         -you
wrong                                 -she
sure                                     -iere
at-                                       - evening
                                           -ist
                                           -ity

CHAPTER 5: Globalization and violence


Globalization

In your opinion, can we do without the  globalization today?

Read what two young people think about globalization.
“I really believe that globalization is a huge advantage. I would like to add
that without it, our economy today would not be the same. In my opinion it is important
that we support this idea because it allows us to travel and buy products at
low prices. I think it also offers a lot of positions in companies that are opening up
internationally. I agree with those who say that globalization improves
technologies through international cooperation. "
“I am totally opposed to globalization! The effects are harmful: the environment is
the first touched. It is impossible to think that globalization is a useful thing; she
widens the gap between rich and poor. I am outraged when I see people
suffer from wars created by other countries to be able to recover oil for example.
Additionally, I disagree with those who say that globalization allows travel:
it's true, but there are a lot more diseases! "

What do you think ?
Explain the following photos.

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d64.PNG
d65.PNG

Discuss the pros and cons to travel all over the world.

Discuss the pros and cons improving technologies.

d66.PNG

Read the following text and answer the questions.
The main consequence of globalization is that rich countries can
trade with poor countries. However, this facet is not always to the advantage of
poor country. Indeed, the latter, full of natural resources, allows countries
rich to exploit them. However, in order to improve its economy, the poor country allows
overexploitation of its resources and destroys its environment. We can quote by
example the exploitation of the Amazon rainforest in South America.
1 / Does globalization only have positive effects? 


2 / Does a poor country take full advantage of globalization?


3 / A poor country has:
a) very good economy
b) lots of natural resources
c) a stable environment


4 / A rich country:
a) does not benefit from globalization
b) do not trade with poor countries
c) overexploits the natural resources of poor countries

Argumentation
 

How do you defend your ideas?
 with evidence                                                                                  diplomatically
 with humour                                                                                     with force

d67.PNG

argue
because
because
since
given that
Insofar as
because of
thanks to

d68.PNG

How would you react in these situations?
1 / A restaurant dish arrives cold:
     [ ] Out of politeness you eat it without saying anything.
     [ ] “You're going to think I'm picky but this meal is cold. "
     [ ] You send this dish back to the kitchens: "You don't think I'll pay for that ! "


2 / A trader does not give you fair change:
     [ ] "I think three euros are missing. "
     [ ] You say nothing.
     [ ] " You are wrong. Do you do it often? "

3 / You argue with your friend, he / she is right:
    [ ] You recognize your wrongs.
    [ ] You apologize out of obligation.
    [ ] You play the card of silence for a while.  


Identify the arguments of the following people and then give your point of view.
I am against child labor. I find it unbearable to leave children
work for hours. A child's place is at school in order to learn to read and to write.


I believe the death penalty is inhuman. In my opinion, we can punish people by
locking up in prison, which is already cruel. Besides, I think it is possible to be wrong.
This is why, in my opinion, it is necessary not to resort to the death penalty.
Argue according to the chosen situation.

Reading novels is
 a waste of time


 Young people do
 think that
 immediate pleasures
 Technology
 modern connects and
 isolate the man
 modern

d69.PNG

A song by Zaz: I am a man
a) Man is one or ...

d70.PNG

b) The man is courageous and has ambition. He wants :

d71.PNG

c) What is man’s favorite activity?
   [ ] play sports
   [ ] watch television
   [ ] Travel by plane


d) Man is a product of ……………………………………………………………….

d72.PNG

e) How is the Earth because of Man?

d73.PNG

f) Man is still spinning...

d74.PNG

1 / What does the clip begin with?
__________________________________________________________________________
Don't you notice a peculiarity in that?
________________________________________________________________________
2 / List some visual indications referring to human evolution?
__________________________________________________________________________
3 / In the clip, many figures appear and evolve ...
__________________________________________________________________________
What do these numbers correspond to?
__________________________________________________________________________
4 / What colors dominate the clip?
__________________________________________________________________________
5 / How do you find the people?
__________________________________________________________________________

Multiculturalism

multilingualism
interculturality
cultural diversity
inter comprehension
linguistic heritage

 

 

a) Replace the holes correctly.
multilingualism - globalization - multiculturalism - globalization
1 / The _____________________________ or _____________________________ designates the
process of integrating markets and bringing people together resulting from the
liberalization of trade, the development of means of transport for people and
merchandise.


2 / ______________________________ designates the coexistence of different cultures
(ethnic, religious,…) within the same group.


3 / The ______________________________ describes the fact that a community (or person)
or multilingual, that is to say that it is able to express itself in several languages.


b) Give your opinion.
1. What is the future of languages ​​in the face of globalization?
2. Should everyone be able to speak English?
3. Will English or Chinese become the only languages ​​in the economic market and
global financial?
4. How do you feel about choosing a single language to communicate with the whole world?
be bilingual / multilingual

School bullying


What do you think is bullying?
a) Come up with a definition of school bullying ...

b) There are different types of school bullying. Give a few examples by category.
physical harassment           ................................................


verbal harassment              ................................................


social harassment               ...............................................

cyberbullying                      ...............................................

c) How does a teenager feel about the bullying? Choose the appropriate words.


comfortable       confident         distressed         desperate         troubled             blissful
isolated              resigned           humiliated         sickened           insured              flourished
tormented         depressed        discouraged      overwhelmed   enchanted         traumatized

The vocabulary of violence
1. Connect the elements of the first column with their complement in the second by
looking at the sentences below.


1. a pirate                                           a. of war
2. the race                                          b. of fire
3. the navy                                         c. to armaments
4. the blow                                        d. air


-The pirates ……………………………………… ... threatened the passengers.
-The pacifist movement is against the race …………………………………… ...
……………………………………………………….
-Marine ………………………………………. suffered considerable losses.
-The witness heard a blow ………………………………… which seemed to come from the building 

opposite.
2. Look for the adjective of the same radical when completing the sentences. Allowed !
1. aggression
     I hate your behavior ………………………………………… ..
2. misery
When will the government take action to improve the condition
……………………………………………….. poor ?
3. confusion
The situation is so …………………………………………………. that a foreigner is there
Understand nothing.
4. violence
A wind …………………………………………………… blows from the northeast.


3. Give the noun of the same stem of the verb and complete the sentences.
1.resist
The …….......……………………………………… can be organized in a minimum of time.
2. keep
All night long, the soldier mounted the ………… .. …………………………….....
3.explode
A …………………………………………………….……. took place this morning.
4.fight
In my opinion, the ………………………………………… against pollution should be a
priority for everyone.

5. walnut
In this film, the …………………………………………… has been staged in a way
spectacular.
6.monitor
The ….....………………………………………. work takes experience.
7. slaughter
In my opinion, the ……………………………………………… of endangered animals
disappearance is inadmissible.


4. Complete the following grid and then the sentences.

VERB                                               NAME                                          NAME
                                                         (thing)                                         (person)
……………………… ..                 the fight                                     a ……………………………… ..
……………………… ..                 the …………………….......       an exile
……………………… ..                 survival                                       a ……………………………… ..
defeat                                            the……………………….          a ………………………………..
rob                                                 the ……………………….         a ………………………………..
………………………...                the flight                                    on ……………………………… ..
……………………… ...               the murder                                 a ……………………………… ..
……………………… ...               the ………………………..       a destroyer
…………………………               the ………………………….     a poisoner
spy on                                          the ………………………….      a ………………………………..

-How many writers died in ………………………………………… ..?
-For three days and three nights, the players celebrated their ………………… ...
-We come from ……………………………………………… the president of this country.
-She tried to ……………………………………………… her husband.
-Friday, a ceasefire put an end to ………………………………………… ..
- Have we still found ………………………………………………… three days
after the earthquake?
-For twenty years, her husband was a ………………………………… ... Soviet.
-The …………………………………………… .. of the city was total.
-The …………………………………………… entered from behind.
-Fortunately, the ………………………………… ... ……. only took the jewelry.


5. Connect the verbs in the first column with their complement in the second.
1. take                                                 a. a plane
2. strangle                                           b. a failure
3. divert                                               c. a house
4. win                                                   d. a woman
5. undergo                                          e. a boat
6. sink                                                   f. victory
7. invade                                              g. Held hostage

Grammatical exploitation: Revision of the simple future and the present conditional


Future tense

infinitive + endings:   -ai
                                   -as
                                   -at
                                   we
                                  -ez
                                 -have

Example:         speak              I will speak
                                                 you will speak
                                                he / she / we will talk
                                                 we speak
                                                you will speak
                                               they will speak


But for verbs ending in -re: infinitive without -e + endings
Example:           sell                I will sell
                                                 you will sell
                                                he / she / we will sell
                                                we will sell
                                               you will sell
                                              they will sell


Watch out for some verbs in the –er group:
weigh                 I will weigh
~ buy, lead, get up, get up, walk, walk, ...
repeat                  I will repeat
prefer                  I will prefer
throw                  I will throw
call                      I will call
pay                      I will pay
try                       I will try
employ              I will employ

 

 

The exceptions
see                               I will see
send                            I will send
to pick                        I will pick
welcome                    I will welcome
go                               i will go
to see                         I will see
to have                      I will have
run                              i will run
must                           I will have to
be                               i will be
do                               i will do
die                              i will die
can                             I be able
to receive                  I will receive
to know                     I will know
hold                           I will hold
come                         i will come
to want                     I will want
we will                      have to
rain                           it will rain

Exercises
drink - drive - read - run - sleep - go - write - do - answer - see - know - to build - to say - to paint - to receive
1. Next year he __________________________ his house.
2. You __________________________ the exhibition in two days.
3. If you don't stop him, he's ___________________________ nonsense.
4. Tomorrow I __________________________ in Brussels.
5. In the marathon, he __________________________ faster than you.
6. You __________________________ diplomatically.
7. I __________________________ in five star hotels.
8. Next week, her sisters _________________________ the newspaper every day

9. We __________________________ hello to our teachers.
10. Alice __________________________ some paintings on demand.
11. John and you __________________________ the promised gifts.
12. They __________________________ to messages from their friends.
13. We __________________________ a letter to our mother.
14. Marie is not __________________________ more wine tonight.
15. You __________________________ the car in the garage.

ME IN TEN YEARS

It's me !


I live in this city


My family and me !


It's at my house !


Me at work ...


I traveled there!


I met her) !

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The conditional


infinitive + endings: -ais
                                   -ais
                                   was
                                   we
                                   would
                                  were


Example:          speak            I would speak
                                               you would talk
                                               he / she / we would talk
                                               we would talk
                                               you would talk
                                               they would speak


But for verbs ending in -re: infinitive without -e + endings
Example:            sell                 I would sell
                                                  you would sell
                                                  he / she / we would sell
                                                  we would sell
                                                  you would sell
                                                 they would sell


Watch out for some verbs in the –er group:
to weigh                    I would weigh
~ buy, lead, get up, get up, walk, walk, ...

repeat                       I would repeat
prefer                        I would prefer
throw                         I would throw
call                             I would call
pay                            i would pay
try                              i would try
employ                     I would employ

The exceptions
see                             I would see
send                          I would send
to pick                      I would pick
to welcome              I would welcome
go                            i would go
to see                       I would see
to have                    I would have
run                           i would run
must                        i should
to be                       i would be
do                            i would do
die                           i would die
can                          I could
to receive               I would receive
know                      I would know
hold                       I would hold
come                     i will come
want                      I would
we                          have to
rain                       it would rain

Exercises
What would you do
What would you change (in society)
What would be your priority
                                     if you...
1 / were you rich?
2 / were the principal of the school?
3 / were a man (if you are a woman) / were a woman (if you are a man)?
4 / were you tiny?
5 / won the jackpot / the lottery?
6 / meet a star / a celebrity

If I lived in the city, I (sell) ....................................... ......... my car and I
(take) ............................................... ...... public transport.
We (want) .............................................. .... know when our train leaves.
If they had a boy, they would (call him) ..................................... .................... Arnaud.
If I was rich, I (do) ........................................ around the world.
You have gained weight. You (must) ......................................... play sports.
If he had a choice, he (prefer) ....................................... ............. To go on holiday.
If I invited your parents, you (come) ....................................... ..... as well ?
If I were you, I (go) ....................................... ........ more often at sea.
(power) .................................... ... ... .... do you lend me your pen?
If we went to Alsace, we (can) ...... ...................................... .... make beautiful
hiking; we (drink) ................................... great wines and we (see)
………… .......................... magnificent vineyards.
To love us) .............................................. . obtain flight information for
Madrid from Brussels.
(being) ..................................… it possible to be served quickly?
If he did not have to work, he (get up) ..................................... ...... late and
(watch) ............................................... ........ television all day.
If his parents knew what he had done, they would (die) .................................. ......... ………

To give advice
Choose the tip that addresses the problem.
1. Do you think I should talk to him?     a. You'd better send an emailto change the time.
2. I want to go on vacation but I            b. I do not recommend that you approach him!
don’t have much to spend.
3. I have two interviews at the same time, that   c. Take a relaxing bath with oilsessential.
would you do in my place?
4. My head hurts, what should I do?                  d. Go camping and walk.

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What advice would you give? Justify.
• to stay fit
• to sleep better
• Can I take the train without a ticket?
• Can I smoke in public places?


Written exercise
Write a short text to give advice to your friend.
Your friend doesn’t like going out, he prefers to play video games all day.