Comics

1 / The design of a comic
Today, many artists are experimenting with new techniques, such as making a complete comic book on a computer. But when it comes to a comic made more traditionally, the design follows a very specific course.

 

Exercise: Find the correct term in the following list.

 

the coloring - the cutting - the production and the distribution - the inking - the synopsis - the sketch - cartridges - the title and the cover

1 / To make a good comic, you obviously need a good script, it's the story or the plot.

___________________________________________________________________

2 / The author cuts his page into boxes and in each box, he sketches the different narrative elements: the setting, the characters, their attitudes and actions.

___________________________________________________________________


Sometimes the author uses ______________________________. These are boxes

rectangular sections where the author recounts a summary of previous events or explains that the story picks up 5 years later, for example.

3 / The author then begins to draw the sets and the characters. He thinks of
different expressions and keeps the story consistent across the tapes.

___________________________________________________________________

4 / This step can be done with a nib, a fountain pen, a felt-tip pen or a brush. It is also used to create movement effects, such as speed.

___________________________________________________________________

5 / When a board is definitively created, it must be colored.

___________________________________________________________________
6 / This phase should be particularly careful to hook the reader. She should give a clue as to the content of the story without revealing anything of the plot.

___________________________________________________________________

7 / Finally, you have to publish the story and therefore have found a publisher. The comic is then sent to a printer who prints it.

___________________________________________________________________


2 / Present a comic book character of your choice. The other students ask questions to find his name. Answer only yes or no.

Possible questions:

1. Is it a man / a woman?
2. Is he / she young, old / old?
3. Does he / she live in France?
4. Is this character tall, fat, strong, ...?
5. Is he an artist?
6. He has hair (black), eyes (green)?
7. The stories take place in America, ...?
8. Is he a pleasant, naughty character, ...?


3 / The most famous comic book heroes.

a) Place each character below their corresponding photo.

Blake and Mortimer - Bob and Bobette - Boule and Bill - The cat - Garfield - Harald the Viking - Gaston Lagaffe - Lucky Luke - Obelix - Quick and Flupke - The Smurfs

B) Match the heroes with their creator.

 

1. Bob et Bobette / Boule et Bill                  1 ..........              a) René Goscinny

2. The cat                                                        2 ..........              b) André Franquin

3. Gaston Lagaffe                                          3 ..........              c) Willy Vandersteen

4. Lucky Luke / Obelix                                   4 ..........              d) Hergé

5. Quick and Flupke / Tintin                         5 ..........              e) Peyo

6. The Smurfs                                                 6 ..........              f) Philippe Geluck

c) And do you know the following characters?

1hh.PNG

4 / Look for opposites. Transform the sentence if necessary.

a) Panoramix is ​​very smart. He really knows everything.

... ................................................. .................................................. .................................

b) The Dalton brothers have only qualities.

... ................................................. .................................................. .................................

c) Garfield is a very active cat.

... ................................................. .................................................. .................................

d) Gaston Lagaffe's invention was a success.

... ................................................. .................................................. .................................


5 / Onomatopoeias

Onomatopoeias are words used to describe certain noises. For example, onomatopoeia “sniff” indicates that someone is crying.

Exercise: Put the onomatopoeias back in the right place.

atchoum - clap clap - dring - zzzzzz - ouin - vlan - paf - plouf - badaboum - slurp - scrunch - glou glou

a) The phone rings!

b) He picks up a slap / slap in the face.

c) He swallowed his soup in less than two minutes!

d) It does terrible good to drink some water.

e) The rock fell to the ground, right on his head.

f) He can't help but sneeze.

g) He sleeps peacefully.

h) Her brother has just fallen into the water.
i) This baby keeps crying / whining!

j) He bites into the chocolate bar.

k) The door slammed when he got out, angry.

l) The cheering crowd applauds!


6 / The ideograms

Ideograms are drawings that make it possible to understand certain feelings or events that are difficult to identify (for insults, to show that a character has just had an idea, ...). Sometimes a drawing is better than a long speech!

Exercise: Explain the following ideograms.

 

1hh.PNG

7 / Group exercise:
* choose a comic
* locate and describe an onomatopoeia
* locate and describe an ideogram
* describe the clothes and character of the comic book hero


8 / Read the text on Gaston Lagaffe and answer the questions.

He came one day, like that, without saying anything, to the editorial staff of the weekly Spirou. Little by little, the reader discovers this soft character. He appears in a suit and bow tie in front of the door of the Spirou editorial office. Fifteen days later, he put on his jeans and green turtleneck sweater. He sits down on a chair and lights his first cigarette. A few weeks later, we finally learn what his name is, Gaston.
Here is the first meeting between Gaston and Spirou.
SPIROU Who are you?
GASTON Gaston.
SPIROU What are you doing here?
GASTON I'm waiting.
SPIROU What are you waiting for?
GASTON I don't know ... I'm waiting ...
SPIROU Who sent you?
GASTON I was told to come ...
SPIROU Who?
GASTON Know more ...
SPIROU To come and do what?
GASTON To work ...
SPIROU How do you work?
GASTON Don't know ... I was hired.
SPIROU But are you sure this is where you should come?
GASTON Beuh ...
At first, its creator, André Franquin, said that this character was too stupid to make him a comic book hero. Unlike the heroes of the time, Gaston Lagaffe had no quality. He was not only stupid, but also lazy, clumsy and blundering (= blunderend). Finally, a few months after its creation, this bizarre character had his own comic book.
However, Gaston Lagaffe does not only have faults. We must admit that he is sympathetic, that he is a dreamer, a great friend of animals and, sometimes, a brilliant inventor. In writing, he sleeps most of the time, and if he doesn't sleep, he makes inventions that often fail. His reaction to these failures is almost always "M'enfin". An unpopular invention on his part is the "Gaffophone", a musical instrument that produces a powerful and unpleasant sound.

1. How does Gaston Lagaffe present himself to the editorial staff of Spirou?

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

 

2. What are Gaston Lagaffe's faults?

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

 

3. What are its qualities?

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

1mm.PNG