TABLE OF CONTENTS


CHAPTER 1: New technologies
Exploitation: The postcard and the letter


CHAPTER 2: The telephone conversation
Operation: Book a room


CHAPTER 3: Invite, accept or decline
Grammatical exploitation: The interrogation and the demonstrative


CHAPTER 4: Emotions
Grammatical exploitation: The past tense and the imperfect


CHAPTER 5: At the restaurant and the supermarket
Grammatical Exploitation 1: Partitive article and negation
Grammatical analysis 2: COD, COI, en, y


CHAPTER 6: The weather
Exploitation: Telling an accident (the weather)


CHAPTER 7: The time
Grammatical exploitation: The relative pronoun


CHAPTER 8: The human body and medicine
Operation: Make an appointment (at the dentist)
Grammatical exploitation: The future simple and the conditionalpresent

CHAPTER 1: New technologies
Do you think the technologies are going continue to evolve over time?

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Vision Futuristic

Jules Verne, do you know? By his great knowledge of science, we can say
that this French writer is the leader of the anticipation novel. It means that he knew
to be a great visionary at a time (19th century) when one could not even
imagine certain things, like the Voyage to the center of the earth, the Around the world in
80 days, From the earth to the moon, 20 thousand leagues under the sea ... and he is not the only one!
Indeed, another francophone was able to stand out as a visionary, it is the father
by Tintin, Hergé, with his incredible Objectif Lune and On a marche sur la Lune, where his
hero was on this journey more than 10 years before Neil Armstrong!
Complete the sentences.
1) Jules Verne, like Hergé, were __________________________________
2) Long before the Americans, Hergé had sent Tintin ______________________
3) Jules Verne also imagined space travel in __________________________
4) Finally, thinking about the future is above all knowing _____________________________
_____________________________!

And you, how do you see the future
new technologies ?
Give an example.

Atmospheric energy
The majority of our energy comes from fossil fuels, which, through deterioration
of the planet, become increasingly less interesting. Of course, we are already using the
wind power, solar power and biofuels, but the development of new
energy sources remain essential. Atmospheric energy then comes into play.
A formidable renewable source, the electricity in the air is always in free circulation, when
storms for example. The biggest challenge would therefore be to "pull" this electricity out of the air
by drawing it directly from the electric field. The potential of this technology is
immense!
It should be noted that a company has already started work on conquering this
energy and that several patents have already been filed. To be continued ...
Find the definitions.
1) The force of the wind: _______________________________________________________
2) The force of the sun: _______________________________________________________
3) Oil, coal, natural gas: _____________________________________________
4) An example of free electrical circulation in the air: ____________________________

Do you think that "capturing" electricity
either a conceivable day or not
than a sweet utopia?

Artificial intelligence
Let's be honest, the first image that comes to mind when talking about A.I. is the robot
Terminator or the little boy from the movie of the same name. The cinema has rocked us beautiful
promises, but what is it really?
Besides the obvious technological aspect, it is above all from an ethical point of view and
philosophical that artificial intelligence raises big questions. A
such rapid development allows researchers to believe that artificial consciousness
will appear in 2045.
Recently, the giant Google had succeeded in developing a program, reproducing the
way in which neurons in the human brain communicate with each other, capable of
visual recognition in YouTube (cats, faces, objects, ...). How not
also think of SIRI, Apple's voice recognition system that allows
direct conversation between its user and a robot endowed with answers!
Artificial intelligence, a dematerialization of man?

The risk of artificial intelligence
is it not also that one day the
machines can think better
that we and so, endanger
the humankind ?

Do you want to
of a future
high-tech?

Computer and electronic devices

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Analysis of a text: I am addicted to SMS!


1. What is the new disease of young English people?
.................................................. .................................................. .................................
.................................................. .................................................. .................................
2. Who is Steve?
.................................................. .................................................. .................................
.................................................. .................................................. .................................
3. Why is being addicted to texting so problematic?
.................................................. .................................................. .................................
.................................................. .................................................. .................................
4. What is the synonym of ...
1.be dependent on = ............................................ ....................................
2.consume = .............................................. ..................................
3. an SMS = ....................................... / ..... .................................
4.to hospitalize = .............................................. ..................................
5. fear = ............................................. ...................................
What is the opposite of ...
6.take care of> <........................................... .....................................
7. be happy> <............................................ ....................................
Could you do without your cell phone? Explain.
.................................................. .................................................. .................................
.................................................. .................................................. .................................
.................................................. .................................................. .................................
.................................................. .................................................. .............................. ...

Exploitation: The postcard and the letter

Do you write letters? Whose ?
In what situations?
Do you prefer emails or
texting?

How do you start a
letter?
What forms of call do you know?
And to conclude ?

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Postcard
a) Put things in order.


Dear Michèle,
Lots of love. Tunis, January 18, 2021. And
how are you Everything is fine. The
city ​​is big and the weather is nice. Your friend
Celine

b) Write a postcard or letter addressed to a friend.

Read this email
From        sandrineleroy@monmail.fr
To             duboisophie@monmail.fr
object       RDV


Hello !
I left Paris this morning and I have to arrive at your place towards
midday. Before leaving this morning, I met Louise
for a coffee. She told me that she finally
started working and she said she will call you
this week to discuss your plans together.
To +
Sandrine

List the information provided by Sandrine:
* _______________________________________________________________
* _______________________________________________________________
* _______________________________________________________________
* _______________________________________________________________
* _______________________________________________________________

The letter of apology
Dear Marie,
I'm sorry that I couldn't attend your birthday party
next Saturday because I am accompanying my brother Henri to the airport, who
leaves for the United States that day.
I very much regret not sharing this moment of joy with you.
I am with you in thought and I send you all my best wishes
happiness.
Sincere friendship,
Jacqueline

An invitation :


Dear friend,
I have the great pleasure to let you know that the opening of my
exhibition will take place on Friday, October 17, at 8 p.m., at the Galerie
Trapon, 19 rue de Namur.
Of course, I invite you to do so!
I count on you.
See you soon,
Georges

You have received the letter above. You don't want to go to this opening. You
write an apology letter using an apology, for example:
I have a lot of work.
I injured myself while playing soccer.
My sister is sick.
I have my right arm in a cast.
I'm going on vacation on October 17th.
I already have a date.

CHAPTER 2: The telephone conversation
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Resume the phone conversation in order


• Yeah, at 7:30 p.m. See you Friday night then!
• Can you buy me the ticket for the concert and I will reimburse you?
later ?
• Hello Léa, it's Pierre.
• Yeah not bad. Say, I'm calling to ask for a favor.
• You too ! See you Friday.
• I'm listening to you.
• Yes and you ?
• Yes, it will be fun. So let's meet there then?
• Yes, have a good evening.
• Yes of course. I'm glad you came.
• Hi, how are you ?

Read the following message and say if the affirmations are true or false
Hello, the principal of Quentin's school on the phone. I call you because he has
had a little accident and he bled from his lip. It’s nothing serious, the nurse
school took him over and he's doing well. I just wanted to keep you at
current. Of course, if you want to come and pick it up sooner you can. he
you will have to ring the bell and ask for Mme. Miraille, it is the nurse. I
wish you a nice day.


1. The school principal is calling.
2. Quentin is injured.
3. His mother absolutely must come and get him.
4. She must ask the nurse to be able to retrieve it.

An oral exercise
You will find yourself facing different situations each time the phone
ring. It's up to you to improvise. It could be a friend or a stranger. It's up to you to react
and ask the necessary questions and provide the desired answers.


Operation: Book a room

From mélissa.guy@mail.com
At hôtel.bruxelles@mail.com
Subject Information request
Hello,
I would like to know the prices for a
room in your establishment. I will be at
Brussels from May 14 to 19.
Regards,
Melissa GUY

Answer the following questions.
1) Who is the sender of this email?
2) Who is the recipient?
3) What is the subject of this email?

Hotel Le Toulousain **
Charming hotel located in the city center,
200 meters from the station. Single room: 56 € or double:
68 €. Pets are not accepted.
Spa, hammam and indoor swimming pool: fixed price € 35.
Free shuttle from / to the airport, to
confirm when booking.
Reservation only by email.

Answer the questions.
1) How many stars is the hotel?
2) How are reservations made?
3) Where is it located?
4) Characterize the hotel with 3 adjectives.
5) Would you be interested in a hotel like this?
6) Do you find the prices extravagant?

Complete with the proposed words

shower - answer - book - could - television - half board
Hello,
I would like to share with you my interest in your hotel Le Classique, Place de la
Republic. I'd like a double room with
... .................................... and ... ........... ................................. with international channels
for four nights from July 4 to July 7. We will take a ..............................................,
we will have dinner in the city in the evening.
............................................- inform us of availability of your rooms
quickly? You can ... ......................................... by email.
I thank you in advance.

To make a reservation

How to say ?


 To book a room
 I would like a single / double / two person room.
 I would like a room with a bathroom.
 I would like a room with a view of the garden / the street / the courtyard ...
 I plan to stay one night / I will stay two nights.


 Ask for the room price
 How much does a single room cost? / What is the price of a double room?


 Ask for information
 Is breakfast included / included in the price of the room?
 Is there the phone in the room?
 Is there a restaurant in the hotel?
 At what time should I return the key / room tomorrow morning?​

Dialogue 1
Receptionist: Hello sir.
Tourist: Hello Madam. I would like a double room, if he
Please.
Receptionist: Have you made a reservation?
Tourist: No, I haven't booked. The hotel is full ?
Receptionist: You're in luck: I still have a double room with bathroom
bathroom. How many nights do you plan to stay?
Tourist: I will stay two nights.
Receptionist: And will you have breakfast?
Tourist: Yes. Is there an alarm clock in the bedroom?
Receptionist: No, but I can ring the phone to wake you up.
Tourist: Very good. So I'd like to be awake at 8 am tomorrow morning.
Receptionist: It's noted. Here is your key. This is room 45 on the first floor.

Exercise: Complete the dialogue.
- Hello Madam, I have ........................................... ........... room.
- Yes, what is ..................................?
- Dumont.
- A room for two ....................................................?
- Yes that's it. A double room with .................................................................
- So, this is ....................................... 45. Would you like to take you on ..................................
..............................................?
- ............. ........................., I never have breakfast!
- Very well. Here is the ............................... Your room is on the first ...............................

Dialogue 2
Gaëlle and Pierre are in the living room of their house in Gembloux. It is 9 p.m. Gaëlle is
immersed in reading a detective novel. Pierre is watching television.
Gaëlle: Pierre? Pierre, my darling?
Pierre: Mmh.
Gaëlle: Pierre? Pierre !! You listen to me ?
Pierre: Uh? Sorry ? What's the matter ?
Gaëlle: Are you listening to me?
Pierre: But, of course, honey! I only do this !
Gaëlle: Yeah, I suspect it! Do you know what day it is?
Pierre: Well, uh ... Thursday!
Gaëlle: No, smart guy! The date !
Pierre: Wait, let me think ... We are February 4th and 4th. Yes that's it.
So what ?
Gaëlle: So, we are leaving on the 24th. I'll remind you.
Pierre: Yes, I know. But still ?
Gaëlle: So, you promised to call a hotel to reserve a room
for the night of the 24th to the 25th, since I don't want to ride at night.
Pierre: Damn it! But of course ! Where was my head then?
Gaëlle: That, I sometimes wonder. You want to do it now, right away,
My Chick ? You would be an angel.
Pierre: You are right. What would become of me without you?
Gaëlle: I dare not think about it, my darling. Go ahead ! It is not too late.
Pierre: What was this hotel still called?
Gaëlle: 'Hôtel Le Jacquemart' in Dijon. The number is on the desk next to the
phone.
Pierre: Good. Then the 02 200 85 94. Here, it rings! ... Ah, we pick up.
VOICE: Hello, Hôtel Le Jacquemart, I'm listening to you.
Pierre: Good evening, madam.
VOICE: Good evening, sir. What can I do for you ?
Pierre: There you go. I would have liked to know if you still had free rooms for the
24 of this month.
VOICE: Do you mind? I'll see ... Yes, indeed. What kind of room
would you have liked?
Pierre: One double with bathroom.

VOICE: I'm sorry. For the 24th, I only have rooms with shower and toilet
or simply with sinks.
Pierre: A bedroom with shower and toilet will do very well. For how much
how high is the price of the room?
VOICE: At 60 euros. Breakfast is not included in the price of the room. he
must add 5 euros per person for breakfast.
Pierre: Perfect. I would therefore like to reserve a similar room for the 24th.
will probably arrive around 7pm.
VOICE: Heard. What name should I write the reservation to?
Pierre: In the name of Pierre Vérin.
VOICE: May I ask you to send me a confirmation email as well as 20
euros deposit?
Pierre: No problem. I'll send you a check.
VOICE: Thank you. Good evening sir and goodbye.
Pierre: Goodbye, Madame. And here it is!
Gaëlle: That's good, my darling. You are an angel, my duck.

Role play
You are going to spend the weekend (2 nights) in Paris as a couple for Valentine's Day. You
book a double room. Write an email to a hotel describing what you search.

CHAPTER 3: Invite, accept or decline

Read the following messages.

Email 1
Hi Claire, it's Paul.
I'm going to the cinema tonight.
Do you want to come with me?
See you soon !

Email 2
Hi Paul, it's Claire.
Yes, I want to go to the movies with you.
What time is it and where is it?
Kiss.

To remember
To suggest an outing to someone, we use the following formulas:
• Are you free / available ...?
• Are you free (s) / available (s) ...?
• Are you free ...?
• You want ... ? / Do you want to ... ?
• Can you go out tonight? / Can you go out tonight?
Examples
Are you free to go to the movies tonight?
Do you want to do an exhibition tomorrow night with us?
Are you available Wednesday night?

Complete with the verb can or want
A -We __________________ have a party for Zoe's graduation on Saturday.
-Super, I_____________ help you if you_____________________.
-Yes thanks. We__________________ well. So you_______________ bring a
cake if you ______________.
B -The Dupont come Thursday evening or Friday evening?
-It's Friday night, because Thursday they are not _____________________ coming.
C -We have a dinner on Saturday night with my co-workers, are you___________ coming?
-It's a shame, but on Saturday night, I am not ____________. Another time maybe !

Combine the two columns
1. Fantastisch!                                                                 a) Willingly.
2. Graag.                                                                         b) Okay.
3. I zou me zo'n plezier doen.                                       c) I would prefer ...
4. Het spijt me maar…                                                    d) Will it be rather difficult tomorrow?
5. Ik zou liever…                                                              e) Sorry, I'm too tired.
6. Eerlijk gezegd heb ik niet zoveel zin (om)                f) I am expected at…
7. Wat een idee!                                                             g) You would give me such pleasure ...
8. Met genoegen.                                                           h) It's a shame, but ...
9. Eens kijken, past vrijdagavond je beter?                  i) I would like to, but ...
10. Het is wel spijtig maar…                                          j) Come on…
11. Ik zou wel willen maar…                                          k) Friday evening suits you better?
12. OK.                                                                            l) Good idea!
13. Sorry, ik ben te moe.                                              m) Great!
14. Komaan…                                                                n) Excellent.
15. Kan I echt niet (komen)?                                          o) Thursday I am already busy / busy.
16. Tja, waarom niet.                                                      p) I'm sorry, but ...
17. Schitterend.                                                              q) What an idea!
18. Leuk idee.                                                                 r) With pleasure.
19. Morgen is nogal moeilijk.                                        s) Okay, why not.
20. Ik word verwacht bij…                                             t) To be honest, I don't really want (to)
21. Donderdag ben ik al bezet.                                    u) You really can't (come)?

Accept or decline these invitations

Exploitation: Interrogation

A. The intonation (= the register ......................................... ...............)
1. Combine the questions in column A with the answers in column B.
1. Do you work?                                               a) Yes indeed.
2. Do you live in Brussels?                              b) Yes, I am a teacher.
3. Do you speak Russian?                               c) No, in Paris.
4. Do you have children?                               d) Yes, 3.

2. Find the question.
-................................................. .................................................. .......................?
No I do not work.
-................................................. .................................................. .......................?
No, I don't have any children.
-................................................. .................................................. .......................?
No, in Liège.

B. Does (= the register ........................................ ................)
1. Combine the questions in column A with the answers in column B.
1. Are you single?                                           a) Yes, I love animals.
2. Do you have a car?                                     b) No, I am married.
3. Do you like animals?                                  c) No, I don't have a car.

2. Formulez les questions de 2 façons possibles. - ............................................................................................................................ ?

ou -

.....................................................................................................................?

Oui, je suis polonaise.

-............................................................................................................................ ?

ou -

.....................................................................................................................?

Non, à Liège.

- ............................................................................................................................ ?

ou - .....................................................................................................................?

Oui, j'ai deux enfants.

- ............................................................................................................................ ?

ou -

.....................................................................................................................?

Non, en voiture.

C. The inversion (= the register ........................................................)
Formulate questions using the inversion.
1. You like to eat at Chinese restaurant.
..........................................................................................................................................
2. They are weird.
.........................................................................................................................................
3. You prefer to study at night.
..........................................................................................................................................

4. The classroom is very small.
..........................................................................................................................................
5. He plays with the ball.
..........................................................................................................................................
6. The teacher is very enthusiastic.
.................................................. ........................................................................................
7. They come from Paris.
..........................................................................................................................................
8. Pierre is very fond of languages.
.........................................................................................................................................

D. The question with interrogative pronouns
1. Combine the questions in column A with the answers in column B.
1. Where do you live?                                         a. In Brussels.
2. What do you do like job ?                              b. It's okay. And you ?
3. How many children do you have?                 c. It's me, Jacques.
4. What's your name?                                         d. I am a plumber.
5. What's your name?                                         e. Because I am sick.
6. How are you?                                                   f. I'll come tomorrow.
7. How are you?                                                   g. My name is Robert Dubois.
8. When are you coming?                                   h. Very well thank you. And you ?
9. Who is there?                                                   i. My name is René.
10. Why don't you come to the party?              j. 3.

2. Choose the question.
- ..........................................................................................................................?
Very well. And you ?
- ..........................................................................................................................?
Jeanine.
- ..........................................................................................................................?
At 2 o'clock.
- ..........................................................................................................................?
They live in Mons.
- ..........................................................................................................................?
Because she has to work.
- .........................................................................................................................?
I have two children.
- .........................................................................................................................?
Good thanks. And you ?
- .........................................................................................................................?
My name is Annie Lafont.
- .........................................................................................................................?
François, the postman.

3. Summary of the order

a) subject + verb + interrogative pronoun
Where do you come from ?
b) interrogative pronoun + is it + subject + verb
Where are you from ?
c) interrogative pronoun + verb + - + subject
 Where do you come from ?
BUT :
not interrogative pronoun + subject + verb
EXCEPT with why, how:
 What's your name ?
 Why do not you come ?

The question with "which"

1. Interrogative adjectives (which + derived)

What is the dish of the day ?                                                        What's your favorite drink?
Which fruits are sweet?                                                                 What activities do you like?

Exercises
1. Complete with which, which, which or which.
- …………… dictionary?
- …………… books ?
- …………… glasses?
- …………… leaves?
- …………… notebook?
- …………… rubber ?
- …………… rule ?
- …………… pencil?
- …………… bag ?
- …………… board ?


2. Same exercise.
at. ……………. is your profession?
b. I am 20 years old and you are ………… old?
c. …………… sports do you practice?
d. …………… is your address?
e. …………… is your date of birth?

3. Complete with which, which, which or which.
- Sorry sir. It is for a survey.
- Yes ?
- First question: ………………… are your favorite foods?
- I love fish, seafood, I love mussels.
-…..........…………… is your favorite drink?
- It's beer.
- …………… beer?
- Belgian beer.
- ………….........… is your favorite meal?
- It's dinner, but I like breakfast too.
- You have dinner at….........…………… hour?
- At 7 p.m., 7:30 p.m.
- You are …………….......... age?
- Uh!
- ………...........…… is your profession?
- Pilot.
- Thank you sir. Have a good day.


1.… ............................................... .. is your first name?
2. In… .............................................. ... city do you live?
3.… ............................................... .. is your profession?
4.… ............................................... .. are your vacation dates?
5.… ............................................... .. how old are you?
6.… ............................................... .. are your hobbies?
7. At ... .............................................. ... time do you have lunch?
8.… ............................................... .. is your favorite movie?
9.… ............................................... .. is your nationality?
10.… ............................................... .. is your address?

2. Interrogative pronouns (which + derived)

Which one has a mustache?                                                Which one has long hair?
Which fruits do you want?                                                    Which do you prefer?

Exercises
1. It's up to you to ask the questions. Don't forget the prepositions!
1. He has three cats. ……………………………………………… .. does he prefer? The one who his name is Ronron.
2. There are three desserts. …………………………………………………. do you take The pie Apple.
3. He works for three restaurants. ……….……….……………………………………….. does he have the most work? For that of Chapelles.
4. He has four balloons. …………………………………………………………… Does he play football ? With yellow.
5. She has two cars. …………………………………………………………. is there the most
space? In the Peugeot.
2. Here are several extraterrestrial women. Complete the questions as in the models and respond.

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Templates:
-Which one has short hair?                The second.
-Which ones have long hair?             The first and the third.

1. ………………………………………… wear a hat?
2. ………………………………………… has three eyes?
3. ………………………………………… is very big?
4. ………………………………………… are very thin?
5. ……………………………………….. have only one hair on their head?
6. ……………………………………….. looks sad?

The demonstrative
1. Demonstrative adjectives

* In the masculine singular, before a vowel or a silent h, it becomes this!


1. Complete with this / this / these.
1. You have to go and see ………. movie. It is superb!
2. Who is ………… male?
3. And ………… woman?
4. I hate ………… boulevards and ………… streets: there is too much traffic.
5. Oh! ………… child is unbearable.
6. Berlin? Ah yes, Karl lives in ………… city in Germany.
7. Are you going to visit ………… countries?
8. These are ………… flowers that you prefer?
9. ………… shows ahead and ………… clock is late.
10. What are you going to do at ………… impossible time?

2. Same exercise
1. ………… wife is your cousin?
No, she's my sister.
2. ………… home is yours?
Yes, this is my house.
3. ………… man is nice?
Yes, he is very nice.
4. ………… pens are yours?
No, it's their pens.
5. Do you take ………… metro?
No, I'm taking the next one.
6. Do you like ………… apartment?
Yes, it is very pretty.
7. ………… car is new?
Yes, it is new.
8. ………… dog is dangerous?
No, he's not dangerous.

2. Demonstrative pronouns
A. SIMPLE SHAPES

B. COMPOUND FORMS

+ what / what / what = (dat) wat


Complete with this / those / those.
- The girl sitting next to you is .................................... who called yesterday .
- Here are two books, which one do you prefer?
- ............................................... which you spoke to me.
- What are you doing tomorrow ?
- .......................... my favorite thing is to stay at home.
- Children? Here is .................................... of my brother: he has three.
- Here are the flowers that I received, I find that ................................. from Pierre are the more
beautiful.
-I love birds, but I prefer ................................... which have bright colors .
-My father doesn't like cars, but he loves ..................................... ......... which are
automatic.

-Look at my neighbor, it's .......................................... ..... I told you about yesterday.
-........................... what I like in summer is going to the sea.

ab14.PNG

CHAPTER 4: Emotions

Put the following words in the empty spaces:
die - happiness - love - nights - bat (2x) - man - eyes - days - arms - mouth -
heart - life (2x) - place

......................................... which bring down mine
A laugh that is lost on his ........................................... ...................
Here's the portrait without editing
From .......................................... to which I belong
When he takes me in his ............................................ ...
He whispers to me
I see life in pink
He tells me words of ........................................... ...................
Words of all ............................................. ..............
And it does something to me
He entered my ............................................. ...
A part of ............................................... ................
That I know the reason
It's him for me, me for him
In life
He told me, swore it for the ... ....................................
And as soon as I see him
So I feel Inside me
My heart which ............................................... ...........
........................................... of love to no longer to finish
A great happiness that takes its ............................................ ......
Troubles, sorrows, phases
Happy, happy to ............................................. ...........
Chorus

It's you for me, me for you
In life
He told me, swore it for the ... ....................................
And as soon as I see him
So I feel Inside me
My heart which ............................................... ...........
What is the title of the song?
_________________________________________________

ab15.PNG

Who am I ?

ab16.PNG

Talking about music in general
* What is your favorite kind of music?
* American or French, who is your favorite singer?
* What is your favorite band? Why ?
* Do you know any groups and / or French singers?
If so why ?
* How do you find French music in general?
* Why do you think French music is not popular in the United States?

Describe the following photos

ab17.PNG

Choose the word that fits the description

1. Someone who relates everything to himself:
         a) selfish
         b) hypocrite
         c) altruistic
2. He is an original person:
        a) happy
        b) eccentric
       c) frank
3. Someone without prejudice:
       a) without embarrassment
       b) impartial
       c) modest
4. Someone who speaks candidly:
      a) sincere
      b) nice
      c) warm

Imagine the history of these images and invent their past and their future

ab18.PNG

Emoticons: facial expressions

ab19.PNG

How do you feel today ?

Some voca exercises on feelings
a) Replace the following words in the letter.
happy - happy - afraid - sorrow - laughed - angry - surprise

My dear Lucie,
As you know, I threw a big party for my birthday last Saturday.
What party! First of all, I had a good .................................: Estelle came!
I was very .................................... to see her!
On the other hand, I was .......................................... against Etienne and his wife, because they don't
did not come. Laurent was not there either, but I understand: he has a lot of
.............................. since he lost his father.
Hélène's big dog gave me ..........................., but the evening went well and we
have a lot ...............!
I think everyone was very .............................. partying. I'll tell you everything
later.
I kiss you,
Irene

b) Combine to make a complete sentence.
1. She likes to talk, she is                                     a) unfriendly
2. He sees the bright side, he is                          b) reserved
3. He is not calm, he is                                         c) serious
4. Everyone hates her, she is                               d) talkative
5. Everyone loves him, he is                                e) optimistic
6. He works well, he is                                          f) very nice
7. She doesn't like to talk, she's                          g) nervous

c) Replace the following words in the dialogue.
character - serious - optimistic - friendly - adorable - reserved - owl


How is Thierry?
It is rather ............................................... ......, he doesn't like to talk.
Is it ............................ ?
Yes, he is very ............................................. .., but a little too much ........................................., he
works all the time!
What about Barbara?
She is really ............................................. ! She has very good .......................................
and she always sees the bright side. He is someone from .......................................

ab20.PNG

Grammatical exploitation: The past tense and
the imperfect
The past tense (= auxiliary + past participle)

a) Regular verbs:
A. WITH "TO HAVE"
Verbs ending in -er =>              ... é
speak I spoke, you spoke, he spoke, she spoke, we spoke,
you spoke, they spoke, they spoke


Verbs ending in -ir =>                   ... i
finish I have finished, you have finished, he has finished, she has finished, we have finished, you have
finished, they finished, they finished
Verbs in -re => ... u
return I returned, you returned, he returned, she returned, we have
returned, you returned, they returned, they returned
Black verbs => ... u
see I saw, you saw, he saw, she saw, we saw, you saw,
they saw, they saw
=> the past participle is invariable


B. WITH "BE"
Verbs ending in -er => ... é
pass I passed, you passed, he passed, she passed, we
have passed, you have passed, they have passed, they are
past
Verbs ending in -ir => ... i
go out I went out, you went out, he went out, she went out, we are
went out, you went out, they went out, they went out

Verbs in -re => ... u
get off I got off, you got down, he got down, she is
went down, we went down, you went down, they
went down, they went down
=> the past participle is variable

b) Irregular verbs:

A. WITH "TO HAVE"
have                     hebben                                 I had, you had ... they had, they had
drink                    drinken                                  I drank, you drank ... they drank, they drank
drive                  rijden, leiden                           i drove, you drove ... they drove, they drove
                                                                            led
know                    kennen                                  I knew, you knew ... they knew, they knew
build                    bouwen                                 I built, you built ... they built, they have built
run                       lopen                                     I ran, you ran ... they ran, they ran
believe               geloven                                  I believed, you believed ... they believed, they                                                                             believed
duty                   moeten                                   I had to, you had to ... they had to, they had to
say                     zeggen                                   I said, you said ... they said, they said
write                 schrijven                                  I wrote, you wrote ... they wrote, they wrote
to be                 zijn                                           I have been, you have been ... they have been,                                                                            they have been
do                 doen, maken                              I did, you did ... they did, they did
have to           nodig zijn                                 it has taken
read                 lezen                                        I read, you read ... they read, they read
offer                   aanbieden                       I offered, you offered ... they offered, they offered
open                openen                          I opened, you opened ... they opened, they opened
please            behagen, aanstaan                   ​​I rained, you rained ... they rained, they rained
raining                 regenen                               it rained
power                kunnen, mogen                    I could, you could ... they could, they could
receive               ontvangen                I received, you received ... they received, they received
laugh                lachen                       I laughed, you laughed ... they laughed, they laughed
to know           weten                         I knew, you knew ... they knew, they knew
suffer               lijden                   I suffered, you suffered ... they suffered, they have suffered
follow              volgen                        I followed, you followed ... they followed, they followed
hold (vast)      houden                I held, you held ... they held, they held
live                  leven                    I lived, you lived ... they lived, they lived
want               willen                    I wanted, you wanted ... they wanted, they wanted
put            plaatsen, zetten, aantrekken                       I put ... they put, they put
allow           toestaan                     ​​I allowed,  they allowed, they allowed
promise           beloven               I promised , they promised, they promised
take                 nemen                 I took, you took , they took, they took
learn                 what                   I learned, you learned , they learned, they learned
understand     begrijpen            I understood , they understood, they understood

=> the past participle is invariable

B. WITH "BE"
become            worden                     I have become ... they have become, they have become
die                     sterven                      i am dead ... they are dead, they are dead
to be born    geboren worden          i was born, you were born ... they were born, they                                                                        were born
(re) come        (terug) komen             I came (re) come ... they came (re) come

=> the past participle is variable
Appendix: The verbs which have "to be" as auxiliary are called "the verbs of
home to be "

ab21.PNG

Summary of irregular verbs
learn                                                                       I learned
to have                                                                   I had
drink                                                                       I drank
understand                                                            I understood
drive                                                                       I drove
to know                                                                  I knew
build                                                                       I built
run                                                                          i ran
believe                                                                   I believed
to become                                                             I have become, I have become
duty                                                                        I had to
say                                                                          i said
write                                                                       I wrote
to be                                                                      I was
do                                                                          I did
have to                                                                  have had to
read                                                                       I read
put                                                                         I put
die                                                                         i am dead i am dead
to be born                                                            I was born, I was born
offer                                                                      I offered
open                                                                     I opened
allow                                                                     I have allowed
to please                                                              I liked
raining                                                                  it rained
power                                                                   I could
take                                                                      I took
promise                                                                I promised
receive                                                                  I received
come back                                                           I came back, I came back
laugh                                                                    I laughed
to know                                                                I knew
to suffer                                                               I suffered
follow                                                                   I followed
hold                                                                      I held
come                                                                    i came i came
live                                                                        I lived
to want                                                                  I wanted

Exercises on the past tense
1. Find the past participles and complete the table.
learn                              have to                               offer                                       receive
drink                               say                                     open                                      think
choose                           write                                   leave                                      know
drive                               read                                   be able                                   to exit
run                                  put                                     take                                         want

2. Match

1. Hervé                                                a. have watched tv?
2. We                                                    b. have you lost something?
3. You                                                   c. was very scared.
4. You                                                   d. played tennis.
5. Mr. and Mrs. Leny                           e. have waited a long time.
6. I                                                         f. forgot his keys

3. Conjugate verbs in the past tense.
Yesterday, at the restaurant, I ........................................... ............................... (eat) six
snails, I .............................................. ...................... (try) frog legs
and I ............................................... ......... (taste) the rabbit with mustard. It's curious !
My son is really clumsy! Yesterday evening, he .............................................. .............. (break)
a crystal glass, it ............................................ ............................ (tear) a banknote
bank, he ............................................... ....................... (burn) the living room rug, and for
finish, he ............................................... ..... (slide) down the stairs. Today is fine, he is at
bed !
Yesterday morning, Pascale .............................................. ......... (drink tea.
Yesterday J' .............................................. ....................... (take the bus.
Last Sunday, we .............................................. .............. (run) in the Jardin des
Tuileries.
Last week, you ............................................. ................ (make walking trails.
Yesterday he ............................................... ......................... (put on) a jacket.

4. Put the verbs in the past tense.
know                     1. You …………………………… .. this boy?
see                        2. You ……………………………. your friends ?
wait                       3. John ……………………………. his friends ?
hear                      4. You ……………………………… this plane?
know                     5. You …………………………. this lady ?
see                        6. Line ……………………………. his friends ?
hear                      7. She ……………………… .. daddy's car?
turn on                 8. Mom ………………………. the candles ?
drink                    9. You ……………………………… this water?
meet                  10. You ………………………… the Dupont?

5. Same exercise
put                              1. You ………………………………. your gloves?
build                           2. You ……………………… this house?
hand over                   3. He …………………………………. the keys ?
write                           4. You …………………………… .. this letter?
promise                     5. He …………………………………. to become ?
learn                          6. You ………………………… your lessons?
drive                          7. She …………………... her brother at school?
understand               8. You ………………………. The problems ?
take                           9. You ……………………………… the meat?
understand             10. You …………………… .. questions?

6. Put the verbs in parentheses in the past tense.
The young lady …..................................................................................... (arrive) at the station
from Toulouse at 6 p.m. She ….............................................................................. (go down)
of the train, she ....................................................................... (go) to a cafe and she
...................................................................... (telephone). At 6:18 p.m., a man ..............
......................................... (arrive) in a red car. The man …..............................
......................................... (get out of the car. Wife ….......................………….
…...................................... (leaving) coffee. And they …................................................. …………
(go).

7. Put the verbs in the past tense.
1. Laure (going out) at eight o'clock.
2. My sisters (stay) in Turkey.
3. Mom (come home).
4. His plane (leaving) late.
5. They (come) on vacation with us.
6. She (arrive) early this morning.

 


8. With "to be" or "to have"? Put the verbs in the past tense.
1. He (eat) three cakes.
2. They (go) to Spain.
3. My parents (come home) late.
4. She (swim) for an hour.
5. We (arrive) at the station at 8 o'clock.
6. They (meet) my brother in France.
7. You (read) while on vacation.

9. Put infinitives in the past tense.
have                          1. I ....................................................... a small accident last week.
drink                         2. I don't .................................................. only three drinks, me.
know                        3. And you .................................................. answer, you?
be                            4. He ....................................................... in Africa this summer.
born                        5. I ....................................................... in Algeria.
open                       6. Who ..................................................... the window ?
come                  7. He ......................................................... all alone, yesterday afternoon.
put                      8. Why do you ......................................... .............. these jars here?
see                      9. I .................................................... this film at Kinepolis, last week.
offer            10. My neighbor to me .............................................................. his old bicycle.
homework           11. On ............................................................ move the post.
run                12. We ............................................................................ the hundred meters.
read                    13. Do you ................................................................ this book ?
die                      14. He ..................................................................... ten years ago.
raining                15. Is it .................................................................... this way ?
do                       16. You .................................................................. of your possible.
know                   17. I .................................................................... your parents.
fall                       18. She ................................................................. of the stairs.
laugh            19. We ...................................... a lot ........................................ this morning.
go                 20. They ................................................................. at the cinema last night.
want             21. She does not .................................. not .................................... reply.
write             22. You him ........................................................................... a letter ?
take              23. We ............................................................. two pens each.
hold           24. You don't .................................... not ..................................... your promise.

Reflexive verbs
1. Recapitulation of the pronominal verbs in the present indicative.


Examples: getting up, washing, dressing, undressing, going for a walk, going to bed, …

Some verbs can have a pronominal use:
I look at myself in the mirror.
Pierre walks alone.
She washes her hair.


or not pronominal:


I'm watching tv.
Pierre is walking the dog.
She washes her parents' car.


2. Pronominal verbs in the past tense.


The past tense is always formed with the auxiliary being. Attention Agreement !

3. Conjugate the pronominal verb in the present indicative and in the past tense.


In the morning I (walk) with the dog.
…………………………………… ..
…………………………………… ..
Luc (shaving) every day.
…………………………………… ..
…………………………………… ..
Margot and Nicolas (wash) in hot water.
…………………………………… ..
…………………………………… ..
How do you (relax)?
…………………………………… ..
…………………………………… ..
I (wake up) always at 7am.
…………………………………… ..
…………………………………… ..
Do you (have fun) a little?
…………………………………… ..
…………………………………… ..
We (go to bed) at 10 p.m.
…………………………………… ..
…………………………………… ..
She (getting up) around 8 a.m.
…………………………………… ..
…………………………………… ..
Do you (brush) your teeth?
…………………………………… ..
…………………………………… ..
They (dress) quickly.
…………………………………… ..
…………………………………… ..

Overview of the past tense

pronominal verb: to be

I woke up
I got up
I got dressed
I washed myself
I shaved
I hurried
I walked around
I rested
I undressed
I fell asleep
I went to bed


+


did you …
they are …
she is ... e
we are ... (e) s
you are ...
they are ... s
they are ...

+ e (female)
+ s (plural)

verb of movement: to be

REGULAR
I went
I arrived
he is dead
I came down
I entered
I went
i passed
i came home
I returned
I came out
I fell

 

 


IRREGULAR
I was born
he is dead
I became
i came

+ e (female)
+ s (plural)

the other verbs: to have

REGULAR
I spoke (verb in -er)
I have finished (verb in -ir)
I have rendered (verb in -re)
I saw (verb in - black)


IRREGULAR
I've had
I was
I did


I have learned
I get it
I said
I wrote
I put
I took
I laughed
I followed


I drank
I have known
I ran
I thought
I had to
I read
I could
I received
I knew
I wanted
I offered
I suffered
I drove
I built
I translated
it rained

The imperfect
A. Rank the verbs in the table.
               • He wrote to me often.                                       10. I say nothing more.
               • I am writing to my mother.                                11. We don't drink alcohol.
               • He always left his house at the same               12. We write to each other at least                                                                                                          once hour. per month.
               • Can I help you ?                                                 13. He often had to travel.
               • I'm leaving his house.                                        14. We are dating.
               • No, thank you, I don't drink anything.              15. We can go.
               • We tell each other everything.                          16. What should I do?
               • He drank a lot.                                                    17. He couldn't sleep.
               • We have to leave.                                              18. What was he saying?

B. Which of the following statements is correct?
a) To form the imperfect of a verb, use the present tense form with "I"
b) To form the imperfect of a verb, use the present tense form with "us"
C. The formation of the imperfect

radical of the present with us + -ais
                                                     -ais
                                                      was
                                                      we
                                                     would
                                                     were

Example: take I took
you were taking
he / she / we were taking
we were taking
you took
they took


Attention: being I was
you were
he / she / we were
we were
you were
they were

Exercises on the imperfect
1. Complete the table.

2. Make the following sentences imperfect.
1. We don't want to leave.
2. We can't swim.
3. We don't do anything.
4. We finish around 8 o'clock.
5. We don't give a lot.
6. We both get along very well.
7. We go to the sea every weekend.
8. We often go to the movies.
9. We always sit in the same place.
10. We do not know France.

3. Conjugate infinitives in parentheses using the imperfect.
1. Is he only 20 years old? I ……………………………… .. (believe) older.
2. I don't …………………………… (think) he was going to be successful.
3. We don't ………………………… (want) to bother you.
4. What are you ……………………………. (do) ​​last night?
5. Excuse me. I do not …………………………… (be able) not to know.
6. Do you …………………………… .. (know) that he was sick?
7. When he …………………………… (coming), we …………………………….… .. (having fun)
many.
8. They …………………………………… ... (going out) always together.
9. In 82, we …………………………………. (live) a small apartment rue du
Market.
10. And before that, what are they …………………………………. (do) ​​as a job?

4. Conjugate verbs in imperfect.
It was another time!
1. When you think about the olden days, people ………………………………………. (to live without
electricity !
2. When you think that in 1960, the cinema only ………………………… (cost) one euro!
3. When I think of a century ago television ……………………… .. …………. (do not
to exist).
4. When I think that my grandmother ………………………………. (do) ​​again
laundry by hand!
5. When you think that 60 years ago, in France, women …………………… .. ……… ..
(do not vote).
6. When we think of the 19th century, we ……………………………………… (put)
several weeks to cross the Atlantic!

La coupe du monde de football

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On the evening of France's victory, the Champs-Elysées were (being) mad. There is
………………. …… (having) an amazing crowd. Millions of people
…………………………………… (singing), ……………… ... …………………. (yell),
…………………………………… (to drink), …………………...……………. (dance). People
……………………………. (cry) of happiness, others ……………… ... ………. (share)
the same happiness. VS' ………...………. (be) fantastic!


Disappearance


I remember very well, it was (being) in June, we …………………………… ...
………………………………… .. (walking around) Emma and I, boulevard Saint-Michel, the
people ………………………… .. ………… (laughter) or ……………………………………. (discuss)
on the terraces of the cafes, we ………. ……………………… (walk) quietly, we
………………………………………… (looking) at store windows.
Emma ……………………………………. (prepare) my last exams, we
………………………………………. (talking about) vacation. C ’……………………… (to be) our last happy day together. A few days later, Emma left with her parents and I never saw him again.

An oral exercise
When you were little ... 


1. Did your family have a tablet at home?
2. Did your parents have two cars?
3. Did you have a mobile phone?
4. Did you have a boyfriend / girlfriend?
5. Did you play sports?
6. How often did you go to the movies?
7. Where did you regularly go on vacation?
8. Did you listen to music?
9. Did you read a lot?
10. Were you wise?

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CHAPTER 5: At the restaurant and the supermarket
The senses

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Describe a food that reminds you of your childhood and explain why it is special
(tell a memory)
.
My food is called:
Description, and:
He was special because:

French cuisine


French cuisine
French cuisine was not codified until the 20th century to become the modern benchmark
in terms of great cuisine in the world because of its cultural aspect. The rise of
gastronomic tourism, with the help in particular of the Michelin Guide, has contributed to
a certain return to the roots of people in the countryside.


In France, different styles of cooking are practiced and there are multiple traditions
regional. Agricultural products like cheese, wine, meat, etc. occupy a
an exceptional place in French cuisine, with many regional products, which
carry a qualitative label like that of organic farming.

Find the answers to the questions.
1) French cuisine has become popular in _________________________________
2) The ____________________ guide allowed the French to discover restaurants.
3) Each French region has its own gastronomic _____________________.
4) French gastronomy is famous on a ______________________________ scale!

French cuisine around the world
All over the world, French cuisine is recognized as elegant and refined. His
great restaurants and its great chefs, like Michel Bocuse, are renowned. This
very refined cuisine has, for the most part, received the influence of regional cuisine.
Traditionally, each region has its own cuisine. French wines and
French cheeses are an integral part of French cuisine as a whole in
which they are used as ingredients and as accompaniments.
Select the correct answers.
1. French gastronomy is renowned for being:
            [ ] luxurious
            [ ] basic

2. French cuisine is:
            [ ] traditional
            [ ] very varied
3. The best companion for a holiday in France is:
           [ ] Paul Bocuse
           [ ] the Michelin guide
4.        [ ] Beer
           [ ] Wine
is essential for any French meal

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Who am I ?
1. I am a very useful cutlery, I can serve for salad, meat or fish.
2. I can be water or wine and I am arranged in front of the plate.
3. I can be full, crisp, stale or lost.
4. I am a scent of trained dogs and pigs, I only grow under the
beeches and I am a deliciously dear mushroom.
5. I create the dishes, I order in a kitchen, I have an apron and a chef's hat.
6. I am a keen taster, chefs are afraid of my pen and my comments.
7. I am an alcoholic drink, accompanying the dishes, I can be red, dry white,
sweet or rosé.
8. I am a sparkling drink of excellence, I am drunk on special occasions.
Sometimes I am slashed!
9. I am a shellfish known for my bisque. One of the most expensive dishes,
I am particularly tasty.
10. I can be brown, Bolognese, white, béchamel.

Connect the two parts of each relative expression to food
1. Have eyes                                                                       a) salads
2. Own a hat                                                                       b) almond
3. Do not have                                                                    c) melon
4. Tell stories                                                                      d) a pear
5. Take someone for                                                          e) a radish
6. Do not have                                                                    f) banana

And you ? What are your consumption trends?
1 / How many meals do you eat per day?
2 / Do you eat the same way during the week and on weekends?
3 / How long does your meal last?
4 / What does your “normal” meal consist of?
5 / Do you prefer breakfast or brunch?

Have you made your comeback?
1 / Do you consume organic products?
2 / Are you ready to pay more for better quality products?
3 / Do you check the origin of your food?
4 / Do you prefer to buy a product from your country, even if it is more

expensive than a product? imported, cheaper?
5 / Is your diet balanced?

At the supermarket
A. At the baker's: combine

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1.the pie
2. the cake
3. the bun
4.the baguette
5. the bread

B. Match the names of the fruits and vegetables to the pictures.


…… A banana                                                                                          …… a plum
.........An apple (skin, flesh, seeds, leaf, stem)                                       ……..a nut
…… A chestnut                                                                                       …… an apricot
…… A lemon                                                                                           …… grapes (masc.)
…… An orange                                                                                       …… cherries (fem.)
…… A pear                                                                                              …… a strawberry
…… A raspberry                                                                                      …… currants (fem.)
…… A melon                                                                                           …… a blackberry
…… A peach                                                                                           …… a pineapple
…… A tangerine                                                                                     …… a fig

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…… A cauliflower                                                   …… an asparagus
... ... a carrot                                                             ... ... a mushroom
... ... spinach                                                            ... ... a (lettuce) salad
... ... a red, green or yellow pepper                       ... ... a tomato
... ... an onion                                                          ... ... a corn
... ... a cucumber                                                     ... ... peas
... ... a green cabbage                                            ... ... a celery
... ... Brussels sprouts                                             ... ... a potato
... ... a leek                                                              ... ... a bean
... ... a red cabbage                                               ... ... a radish

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C. At the grocer: combine.

1. the lemonade
2. the oil
3. the coffee
4. the cheese
5.the bottle
6. mayonnaise
7. the cookie
8. yogurt
9. vinegar
10. beer
11. chocolate
12. butter
13. the coke
14. the box / the brick
15. jam
16. milk
17. the spaghetti
18. the egg
19. the tin
20. mustard

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Stores and merchants


Example:          Where do we buy coffee?

                         I go to the grocery store, I go to the grocery store / the grocery store.

 

 

 

 

 


1. Where do we buy cheese?
…………………………………………………………………………………………………
2. Where do we buy shrimp?
…………………………………………………………………………………………………
3. Where do you buy a bouquet of red roses?
…………………………………………………………………………………………………
4. Where do you buy a newspaper?
…………………………………………………………………………………………………
5. Where do we buy croissants?
…………………………………………………………………………………………………
6. Where do we buy vegetables?
…………………………………………………………………………………………………
7. Where do we buy aspirins?
…………………………………………………………………………………………………
8. Where do we buy a cake?
…………………………………………………………………………………………………
9. Where do we buy chops?
……………………………………………………………………………………………….

Food vocabulary


1. Complete the following sentences with one of the suggested words. Choose the qualifier appropriate.


fatty - tender - rare - delicious - as much as you like - solid - excellent - hard - well done - at point - fresh - spicy
1. This roast beef is easy to cut. He is very ……………………………..
2. Do I have to garnish this dish with eggs ……………………………. ?
3. Honey cannot be drunk. It is a food …………………………………………
4. Taste this ………………………………… wine. This is a premier cru from 1990.
5. Shellfish must be served …………………………………
6. In this restaurant, we can have mussels …………………………………….
7. The red fruits are ……………………………………. in this season.
8. This mustard and pickle sauce is …………………………………
9. No, thank you, I will not take crème fraîche. It's too much ……………………..
10. Do you prefer your steak ……………………………., …… .. …………………….

 

2. Translate the words in parentheses. Don't forget to make the adaptations that
prevail.


1. Electric …………………………………………… .. (keukenfornuis) have
replaced on ………………………………………………… (keukenfornuis) at
coal.
My mother was a very good ……………………………………… (kokkin).
2. If we whip the ………………… ..… milk (melkroom), we obtain
………………………… fresh or whipped (slagroom).
Even a ……………………………… .. (cream) moisturizer can no longer erase
those wrinkles.
3. Milk ………………………………………………. (is zuur).
For successful baking, you need …………………………………… .. (roeren) the dough
for a quarter of an hour.
4. While setting the table, she dropped her ………………………… .. (schotel) of
porcelain.
You were served a menu of six ………………………………. (gangen).
5. I never get to …………………………………. (inslikken) a drug of
one shot.
He ……………………………………………… (naar binnen slokken) all without chewing,
he is so gluttonous.
or ……………………………………………… ?

3. Complete the text by adding the missing verbs.
1. Heat the water with the chicken stock cubes. Do…. ………
(smelten) the butter, peel the celery.
2. Do this ………………………… (braden) for 3 to 4 minutes.
3. …………………………………… (toevoegen) a hint of nutmeg, cream
and ……………………………… (mengen) the whole thing.
4. ……………………………………. (opdienen) very hot.

4. Complete the following grid.

                                                                                MEALS
                                     IN BELGIUM                                                           IN FRANCE
the morning     ………………………………….                            ……………………………
at noon             ………………………………….                           ……………………………
at 16                  ………………………………….                           ……………………………
the evening      ………………………………….                           ……………………………

5. Complete the sentences by giving the translation of the words in parentheses.
1. Curry, paprika, ……………………………… .. (het zout), …………………… (from
peper) and mustard are condiments.
2. Ketchup and mayonnaise on the other hand are …………………………………… ..
(sauzen).
3. …………………………………… .. (from aardbei), ……………………………… (from
perzik), ………………………………. (from peer), ……………………………… (from
pruim), ………………………………. (from druif), ……………………………………. (of
sinaasappel), ………………………………. (pineapple), ……………………. (of
meloen), and ………………………………… (from kiwi) are fruits.
4. Carrots and ……………………………………. (kolen), ……………………… ..
(spinazi), …………………………………… .. (bonen), ……………………………
(uien), ……………………………………………… .. (erwten) and rice are
vegetables.
5. Rosé wine, champagne and port are …………………… ... ……… (wijnen).

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How to give ...

At the restaurant

a) Match the sentences to the pictures.
1. Let's toast at this king's meal!
2. Change my plate, this dish is cold.
3. Do you want something?
4. I will have profiteroles with a coffee.
5. This salad is perfect.
6. It's fun to eat with friends.

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b) Find the definition of the proposed words

1.an entry                          a) amount of money left for the server
2. tip                                  b) the price to pay
3. the addition                  c) the list of dishes offered
4.the map                         d) it is served before the main course
5. the aperitif                    e) often alcoholic drink served before the meal

Do you choose a restaurant…?

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For his boss

x3.PNG

For its original card

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For its fast service

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For its atmosphere

Complete the sentences with the following words.
drink - would prefer - wish - starter - peking duck
- You. ……………… ................................ a small Chinese or Italian restaurant?
- You know I love Chinese food!
- So let's go to the Goldfish.
At the restaurant :
- You ........ …………… ........... place an order?
- Yes, a peking duck for two people. Like …………… .....… ......., a soup of
won ton and fried shrimp.
- Well, like .............. ………………… ..?
- Some mineral water please.

Imagine a follow-up to these situations
1. You are at a dinner party and you insist on paying the bill: looking at your bag,
you see you don't have your wallet ...
2. Your hash is not hot enough, you call the waiter ...
3. You ordered 30 minutes ago and your dish has not arrived, you call
server …

Make a cookbook
A. In groups of two, make an appointment with the chef of a restaurant in your
choice. Ask the chef what is his favorite dish on the menu, how he prepares it and
what drink he recommends with this dish.

Restaurant name: ………………………………………………………… ..
 Chef's name: ………………………………………………………………….
The chef's recipe: ……………………………………………………………………………….
... ................................................. .................................................. .......................................
Preparation time : …............................................. .................................................. .....
Cooking time : …............................................. .................................................. ...........
Ingredients for 4 persons : …............................................ ............................................
……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………………….

Production : …............................................... .................................................. ....................
……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
What to drink with this dish? ... ................................................. .................................................
……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………….

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B. Individually, prepare a recipe card featuring your favorite dish.

My favorite recipe


Recipe : …..........……………………………………………………………………………….
... ................................................. .................................................. .......................................
Preparation time : …............................................. .................................................. .....
Cooking time : …............................................. .................................................. ...........
Ingredients for 4 persons : …............................................ ............................................
……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
Production : …............................................... .................................................. ....................
……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
... ................................................. .................................................. .......................................
……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………………….

What to drink with this dish? ... ................................................. .................................................
……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………….

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Grammatical analysis 1: The partitive article and the
negation

The partitive article is used to express the quantity = ……………………………………………… ..........
Examples:     I eat bread.
                      I want lemonade.
                      I'm drinking some water.
                      I put in some oil.
                      I'm buying cookies.
                      I take green beans.
We don’t use the definite article, because it’s not polite! The partitive article is for a
part (= ……………………) and the defined article is for the whole (= …… ... …… .. ……).

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BUT :
There are two exceptions (= ……………………………………………………….).


• Negation: after the negation, we use "de" or "d"
He eats bread.                                       He does not eat bread.
He eats meat.                                        He does not eat meat.
He drinks water.                                    He doesn't drink water.
He drinks fruit juices.                            He does not drink fruit juice.


• The precise quantity: after a precise quantity, we use "de" or "d"
a little / a little / a lot of /
one kilo, two kilos / one liter of / d '
a glass / two cups / a cup of / of + noun or plural
a piece / a piece of


Examples:
I'll take some champagne
She buys a lot of fruit and a few vegetables
A kilo of coffee and a liter of water makes eight cups of coffee…. Very strong ?


+


some + plural noun
Example:
Do you want a piece of pie? No thanks, I'm going to eat some fruit.

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Exercises
1. Fill in with the, the, the.
1. Do you want ……… .... jam?
2. Luke drinks …………… beer and Paul drinks …………… wine.
3. Mom has prepared …………………. cheese sandwiches.
4. I bring you ……………… bread and ………………. milk.
5. Son, you want to go get ………………. carrots?
6. Do you have ………… .. coffee or …………… tea?
7. You put …………… salt in the potatoes?
8. I need ……………… .. Chinese money!
9. This boy plays well ……………… .. music.
10. I bought …………… .. eggs and ……………. ham for tonight.


2. Fill in with, the, the, the.
He loves to eat!
At breakfast, he drinks ……… chocolate, ……… milk or ……… sweet coffee. He eats
……… eggs, ……… bread with ……… butter and ……… jam.
At noon, he goes to the restaurant, he takes ……… meat with ……… fries, ……… cheese and
………… fruit, ………… pineapple with ………… cream. He drinks ……… wine.
In the evening, he dines at home: he eats ……… cold meats, ………… cheese and …………
cakes. He drinks ……… beer.

3. Underline the correct shape.
In the Niçoise salad, we put / green salad, / tomatoes, /
black olives, peppers, tuna, and olive oil.
To make Breton pancakes, you need flour, milk and sugar.
In Alsatian sauerkraut, there is / cabbage, / charcuterie and /
beer.

4. At the restaurant: top up with, with, with.
- What's on the menu today?
- As a starter, you have ………… tomato salad or ………… pâté. As a main dish
main, you can choose between ………… chicken with ……… ..… fries or…. ……… ..
sausages with ………… mash. Then there is ………… cheese.
- And for dessert ?
- ……. …… fruit, ……… caramel cream or ………… chocolate cake.

5. What is not in the drawing?

There are no cushions.
a wall - a door - a cat - a
cupboard - books - a window - a
ceiling - a table - a chair - a
balloon - a telephone - a television -
flowers - a carpet - a painting - a
roof - office - curtains -
cushions - an alarm clock - a mirror - a
lamp - cd player - sink

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Grammatical analysis 2: COD, COI, en, y


Some foods ... complete correctly

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COD (direct object complement = lijdend voorwerp)
The COD answers the question: Who? / What ?, asked after the verb.
Example: Karl eats dates.
                 Karl eats what?
Complement pronouns are placed before the verb:
                         He watches him.                        He looked at her.
                         He looks at her.                          He looked at her.
                         He looks at them.                      He looked at them.
Watch out for the negation:
                          He doesn't look at him.               He didn't look at her.
                          He doesn't look at her.                He didn't look at her.
                          He doesn't look at them.             He did not look at them.

COI (indirect object complement = meewerkend voorwerp)
The IOC answers one of the following questions: To whom? To what?
The indirect object complement is introduced by the preposition "à, au, aux" which separates it
of the verb.
Example:     He thinks of his friend.
                     Who is he thinking of?
Many communication verbs are constructed with "à":  


talk to            phone  to             say to                 give to                    write to
explain to      answer to             send to              offer to                    tell to
forgive


Complement pronouns are placed before the verb: 
Isabelle phones him.                   Isabelle called him.
Isabelle their phone.                   Isabelle called them.


Watch out for the negation:


Isabelle does not phone him.                Isabelle did not call him.
Isabelle does not phone them.             Isabelle did not call them.

The following verbs use the tonic form instead of a COI pronoun:
think / think about (him, her, ...)
pay attention to (him, her, ...)
be interested in (him, her, ...)

a) Underline the additional subject of each sentence. Indicate whether this is a COD or
of a COI.
1 / I discovered a huge room.
2 / I hear a thud.
3 / This lamp belonged to Philippe.
4 / Paul knows all the Greek legends.
b) Complete with an essential supplement.
1 / From the bottom of the abyss, Sylvain telephones ………………………………………………………
2 / The gendarmes arrested the ………………………………………………………………… ..
3 / Julien offers ……………………………………………………………………………………… ...
4 / In winter, we give ……………………………………………………………………… ...

Summary of personal pronouns

Exercises
COD

1. Make sentences with him / her.
He / wait / the bus                          He waits for the bus.                                    He's waiting for her.


1. You / sell / the car
2. They / see / the neighbors
3. I / take / the photo
4. You / choose / the chef's suggestion
5. She / finish / her dessert

2. Read and complete the sentences using the correct personal pronouns.
1. Do you like this blouse? You want ?
2. Five minutes and I'm there. You ……………. hold on ?
3. My grandfather reads two newspapers every morning. He …………… reads during the day.
4. Today I have a meeting with Julie. I ……………… .. find myself tired in this
moment.
5. Tonight there is a nice movie on TV. You ………………. look with me?

3. Answer questions with the / them.
Do you take the metro at eight o'clock? Yes, I take it at eight o'clock.
1. Do you read the newspaper in the metro?
2. Do you watch TV at night?
3. Do you listen to the radio in the morning?
4. Do you do the exercises on your own?
4. Ask the following questions to your neighbor (e) and answer with a pronoun
COD staff.
1. Do you see the motorcyclist over there?            (Yes)
2. Did you hear me?                                                 (no)
3. John understands the theory?                            (no)
4. Do your parents respect you?                            (Yes)
6. Do the children buy the books?                         (no)
7. Do girls like you?                                                 (Yes)
8. Will you return the book?                                   (no)

COI
1. Make sentences with him / her.
She / responds / to the teacher She responds to the teacher. She answers him.
1. He / speak / to the saleswoman
2. You / indicate the way / to tourists
3. He / say hello / to the girl
4. I / tell a story / to the students
5. You / give a gift / to dad


2. Complete with me / m ", te / t", us or you.
1. You write to me, that's for sure.
Yes, I ………… send a card.
2. Are you asking me a question?
Yes, I ………… .. ask if you come?
3. Are you talking to us?
Yes I ……………. say it's starting to rain.
4. What are you telling me?
I ……………… explain something!
5. What do you want kids?
You can …………… show the way, please.


3. Answer questions with him or her.
Are you talking to Julie? Yes, I'm talking to him.
1. Are you talking to Paul and Julie?
2. Are you calling Teresa?
3. Are you writing to Louis?
4. Do you phone your parents?
5. Do you write to your friends?

4. Replace the underlined part with it, theirs.
1. My sister calls her boyfriend a lot.
2. My mother no longer talks to the neighbors.
3. You tell your sister to come right away.
4. We will ask our parents for money.

COD / COI

1. Replace the underlined part with the, the, the, them or him, their.
1. Jim repairs his mob.
2. I loaned Jacky 80 euros.
4. We love this soap opera.
5. She called all of her friends.
6. I don't know these people.


2. Continue the story of Jean and Juliet.
Jean is in love with Juliette. He ……… writes letters, he ……… .. phones, he ………. said
that he …… .. really loves. He ………… .. offers flowers, he ………… .. loves it so much that he
……… writes poems. On the bus, he …… .... is watching all the time. One day he will
... .......... ask to marry her

3. Fill in with the / them, him / them
1. If you see the Morels, say - ………… that I …………… .. invite to dinner on Monday evening.
2. The blonde girl who wears glasses, do you ……………… know?
3. He's my art teacher. I ………………… see every Thursday.
4. I haven't seen Agnes for two weeks. I will ……………… call tomorrow
morning.
5. My car is the Renault parked around the corner over there. You see ?
6. I am meeting André tomorrow. Do you want to …………… .. see also?
7. Will you bring me the papers, please? I did not ……………… have read this morning.
8. I received a letter from my parents, but I do not …………………. haven't answered yet.
9. I never drink coffee: I ………… .. can't stand it.
10. Jocelyne has a toothache, the dentist ………… .. made an appointment at 4 pm

Pronouns in / y

In
a) The pronoun "en" replaces a place that answers the question where?
            The Durand family are from Antwerp?                                           Yes, she is.
b) The pronoun "en" replaces un, un, des + noun
           Caroline has a son?                                                                        Yes, she does.
c) The pronoun "en" replaces a quantity
           Do children drink a lot of milk?                                             Yes, they drink a lot of it.
d) The pronoun "en" replaces a sentence introduced by de (du, de la, de l ’, des)
Are you enjoying your vacation? Yes we take advantage
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Follow the example.
1. Do you eat chocolate? (a lot) Yes, I eat a lot.
2. Do you have sugar in your coffee? (two pieces)
3. Do you have children? (of them)
4. Did he buy tomatoes? (a kilogram)
5. Is she going to bake cakes? (three)
6. Did you do any exercises? (enough)
7. Did he mention the holidays? (a little)
8. Did you drink a lot of wine? (three bottles)
9. Are you going to have enough flour? (too much)
10. Did he take care of the party? (many)

y

a) The pronoun "y" replaces a sentence introduced by à (au, à la, à l ’, aux)
      Does the student answer the question?                              No, he's not answering it.
b) The pronoun "y" replaces a place that answers the question where?

      Philippe often goes to France?                                           Yes, he goes there often.
Attention: The pronoun "y" replaces à + a thing, but for à + a person, we uses a COI

Exercises

1. Replace what is underlined by the pronoun “en”.
1. Have you heard of this story?
2. Did you buy any fruit?
3. Lucky, I'm unlucky.
4. Are you complaining about your working conditions?
5. Do you remember Paris?


2. Replace what is underlined with the pronoun “y”.
1. We think as little as possible about this problem.
2. I think about the gift I am going to receive.
3. I love this house, I have become attached to this house.
4. I work in Brussels, but I do not live in Brussels.
5. Do you believe in scientific progress?

3. Complete with en / y.
Is the elevator coming from the 5th floor? Yes, he ............................ is coming.
When are the sick coming home from the hospital? They .................................. return tomorrow.
Caroline thinking about her operation? No, she doesn't ................................. don't think so.
Does your employee sell a lot of items? Yes, he ......................... sells a lot.
Is the money in the safe? Yes, the money ................................. is since yesterday.
Have you found a copy of your work? Indeed, I ....................... have found one.
How many minutes do we have left? We ............................. have a dozen left.
Do we meet at the big blue arrow? Okay, we'll ......................... meet.
I regret that there is suffering in the world. Yes, we ......................... see
far too many on our planet.
Is the secretary looking for the address in the documents? Yes, she's ......................... looking for it.

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CHAPTER 6: The weather

Décrivez ces images et repérez l'intrus.

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Oral exercise
Situation:
A journalist stops you in the street to question you with others
passers-by on global warming. He asks you what you
think, what do you regret the most, what you wish to see as
changes to limit damage.

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The weather is fine in the north, east and west of the country.
In the morning the sun is shining, but in the afternoon there is
clouds and a little wind. In the south, there are
morning fog. In the afternoon, the weather is bad:
It's rainning and it's cold. Temperatures: it's
between 8 and 15 ° C. Tomorrow there is a risk of a thunderstorm.

What is the temperature ?
It is 25 °.                                              It is twenty-five degrees.
It is -10 °.                                            It's minus ten degrees.

What weather is it ?

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There is a storm, the wind is blowing very strong.

from the sun
clouds
the wind
fog
snow
ice
(ice on the roads)

There's a thunderstorm, it's raining, we hear the
thunder, we see a lightning in the sky

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Exercises
 1. Answer the contrary.
                  1. Is it hot?
                  No, it's the opposite, ...


                 2. Is the weather beautiful?
                 No, it's the opposite, ...

                

                 3. Is the weather nice?
                No, it's the opposite, ...


                4. Is the sky blue?
                No, it's the opposite, ...

2. Complete with “he does” or “there is”.
1. .................................... the wind.
2. .................................... Grey.
3. .................................... snow.
4. ........................... beautiful weather.


3. Complete the following crosswords.


Horizontally
1. It's white, there is some in winter, especially in the mountains. 
2. We hear it during the storm. 
3. It's solid water, when it's -10 ° for example. 
4. It's warm, beautiful and yellow. vs

Vertically 
a. It blows very hard, during the storm.
b. It is white or gray, in the sky.
c. We see it during a thunderstorm.
d. It's dangerous, especially in the car because you can't see anything.


4. Fill in the blanks by choosing from the following words.

clouds - rain - wind - fog - storm - snow - sun - ice - lightning
• There are a lot of .................................., I can ski.
• When there is a thunderstorm, we can see the ………… ............................ in the sky.
• The .......................................... are white or gray.
• When there is ………………… ............................, you can't see well.
• The ......................................... blows 80 km away hour

5. Write under each picture the sentence that corresponds to the weather and describe what you see.
There are clearings            There is the sun                      It is raining
The snow melts                  It is freezing                            There is frost
There is fog                         It's snowing                            There are clouds
It's windy

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Has your feathers !
1. How much is it today?
... ................................................. .................................................. .........................................
2. What is the weather like?
... ................................................. ...........................................................................................
... ................................................. .................................................. .........................................

The weather report: What's the weather forecast?
              -What is the weather forecast?
             -Cloudy in the morning.
             -And the afternoon?
             -Later, it will become stormy. Don't go too far into the forest.


             -Can you tell us what the weather forecast is for today?
             -Sunny and warm. Don't forget your sunscreen oil.


Invent a weather report for one of the three maps of Belgium.

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Exploitation: Telling an accident (the weather)

Do you know how to tell
stories?
Do you tell a lot?
What kind of story do you like to hear and tell?

Imagine what happened
Try to answer the questions: What? When? How? 'Or' What ? Why ?

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Talking about an accident: What happened?
I fell.
I got burned.
I hurt my knee.
I hurt myself when I was cooking.
I injured myself while playing sports.
I injured my arm.
I cut myself.
I broke my nose.

What happened ?

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Continue the stories using the past tense and the imperfect

1. Last night I went out with a friend. She picked me up from my house by car.
Once in the car, I saw that she kept looking at her cell phone for
that she was driving ...
2. For our last vacation, we decided to go skiing in the mountains. I
had never skied before. On the first day I was really tired because I didn't have
slept very well the day before. So, ...
3. I am very afraid of bees. One day we were near the lake and I didn't want to swim,
but suddenly ...

Seasons

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Complete with the right season.
In Belgium ...
1. It's snowing .............................................. ...............................................
2. We bathe in the sea .......................................... ......................
3. The flowers grow ............................................. .............................
4. The leaves of the trees are falling ........................................... .....................................

Exercises
• Which season do you prefer and why?
.................................................. .................................................. ............................................
.................................................. .................................................. ............................................
• Which season do you dislike at all and why?
.................................................. .................................................. ............................................
.................................................. .................................................. ............................................

Complete with "en" or "au".
1. They leave ...................... February.
2. They move .......................... month of May.
3. They arrive ......................... month of December.
4. They come back ......................... October.
5. They get married ......................... month of June.
6. They start ......................... July.


Fill in the requested time of day.
1. ................................................ ................ , I get up at 7 o'clock.
2. ................................................ ................, I go to bed at 10 p.m.
3. During ............................................... ................... , I'm at school.
4. ................................................ ................, it's clear.
5. During ............................................... ................... , I'm watching TV.
6. ................................................ ................. , it's dark.
7. The .............................................. .........................., I swim or I read.
8. ................................................ ................. , I eat.

Translation exercise (summary)

in = ................................................ .................................................. ...
or = ................................................ .................................................. ...
where = ................................................ .................................................. ...
with = ................................................ .................................................. ...
by / along = .............................................. ...........................................
for = ................................................ .................................................. ...
on = ................................................ .................................................. ...
at = ................................................ .................................................. ...
who, that = .............................................. .................................................. .....
yesterday = ................................................ .................................................. ...
there = ................................................ .................................................. ...
that yesterday = ............................................... .................................................. ....
that there = ............................................... .................................................. ....
but = ................................................ .................................................. ...
due = ................................................ .................................................. ...
why = ................................................ .................................................. ...
because = ................................................ .................................................. ...
because = ................................................ .................................................. ...
like = ................................................ .................................................. ...
(there) by = ............................................. .................................................. ......
thanks = ................................................ .................................................. ...
yet = ................................................ .................................................. ...
enough, sufficient = .............................................. ...........................................
what = ................................................ .................................................. ...
early = ................................................ .................................................. ...

late = ................................................ .................................................. ...
not = ................................................ .................................................. ...
no more = ............................................... .................................................. ....
never (again) = ............................................. .................................................. ......
something = ................................................ .................................................. ...
nothing = ................................................ .................................................. ...
somewhere = ................................................ .................................................. ...
nowhere = ................................................ .................................................. ...
everywhere = ................................................ .................................................. ...
all = ................................................ .................................................. ...
allen = ................................................ .................................................. ...
everyone = ................................................ .................................................. ...
someone = ................................................ .................................................. ...
nobody = ................................................ .................................................. ...
same = ................................................ .................................................. ...
ago (time) = ............................................. ............................................
within (time) = ............................................. .................................................. ......
inside (place) = ............................................. ............................................
outside (place) = ............................................. .............................................
since = ................................................ .................................................. ...
during / during = .............................................. ...........................................
when = ................................................ .................................................. ...
or (question) = ............................................. .................................................. ......

Frequency

He (does) work ...
never                                                                              - - -
little / rarely                                                                   - -
sometimes                                                                     -
often / regularly / sometimes                                      +
every day / every week / every month                        + +
always                                                                            + + +
too                                                                                 + + + +

1. Highlight the correct adverb.
The businessman says:
a) I travel often / rarely.
b) I usually / sometimes travel by plane.
c) I work from time to time / often late at night.
d) I rarely / always take a taxi.
e) I usually / rarely spend my evenings with my family.
f) I rarely / always have long vacations.


2. Complete with the correct adverb.
rarely - often - always - never
Anne: What does he like, Arthur?
Jean-Pierre: Arthur? He loves Formula A, he regularly goes to the Monaco Grand Prix.
Anne: Does he watch television a lot?
Jean-Pierre: Him, ............................................ ....... !! There are too many advertisements and he doesn't like not that.
Anne: Oh good.
Jean-Pierre: He's going ............................................ ......................... at the opera: it's too

expensive for him, but he eats ............................................ ............ at the restaurant Japanese, he loves raw fish!
Another thing, in the canteen, he takes ......................................... ................ the same thing, it's amazing, right?

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Time

a) Put the correct indication next to the moment. The list below may help you.


this morning - this evening - this night - yesterday - today - tomorrow - in… - there is… - the next week - last week - ...


Date: 01/01/2017 Time: 19.00


1) 2/1/17 =                                                                    8) 08/01/17 =
2) 12/27/16 =                                                                9) 01/01/18 =
3) 01/01/17 - 20.00 =                                                  10) 01/08/16 =
4) 01/01/17 - 08.00 =                                                  11) 31/12/16 =
5) 01/01/17 - 23.00 =                                                  12) 01/01/17 - 21.00 =
6) 01/01/17 - 18.50 =                                                  13) 17/12/16 =
7) 01/16/17 =


b) Answer the questions (with time indicators).
1. When was the last time you tidied up your room?
2. When did you celebrate your birthday?
3. When did you go on vacation?
4. When did you watch TV?
5. When did you read a book?
6. When did you arrive late for French class?

Choose the right time indication
early - on time - on time - late - late - early
He's a good teacher. It always happens ............................................... ............. for prepare for lessons!
His students are arriving ............................................... ........... of course and he does not accept students ................................................. ...............!
In this theater, the show begins ........................................... ........................
People ................................................ ................ can no longer enter.
But the spectators ............................................... ...................., if !

after - to - in - before - from ... to ... - between ... and ... - during


When I'm ................... on vacation, I don't get up ..................... ............. eleven
hours. Then I have my breakfast. Then, I'll go horseback riding .....................
noon ........................... one hour and a half. ........................................ lunch, I do
a siesta ................................................ one hour and ................................. four
o'clock, half past four, I go to the "Bar à thyme" to meet my friends. We will
dancing and we come home very late, ...................................... four .... ................. five
morning hours at sunrise.

CHAPTER 7: The time
Let's listen together ...

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Read the following sentences, find the time of day and associate the time of the train
and the day of the week.
Monday, I'm going to Brussels. I take the night train.
Tuesday I'm going to Berlin. I take the morning train.
Thursday I'm going to Ostend. I'm taking the afternoon train.
Saturday, I'm going to Liège. I take the evening train.

CHAPTER 7: The time

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Oral exercise

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Written exercise

Write down the time.
10:15 a.m.                  It's ten fifteen / It's a quarter past ten.
1. 7:10 a.m. _______________________________________________________
2. 6:05 p.m. _______________________________________________________
3. 12:00 p.m_______________________________________________________
4. 1:30 p.m. _______________________________________________________
                     _______________________________________________________
5. 3:15 p.m. _______________________________________________________
                     _______________________________________________________

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Translation exercise
M .:                  Excuse me, Madam.
                        Can you tell me what time it is?
                        ... ............................................... .. ................................................ .. ....................
                        My clock has stopped and I want to set it correctly.
                        ... ............................................... .. ................................................ .. ....................
Ms:                  It's a quarter to three now.
                        ... ............................................... .. ................................................ .. ....................
M .:                 Ah, luckily I will have my train.
Mrs.:               When does your train leave, sir?
                       ... ............................................... .. ................................................ .. ....................
M.:                  At three o'clock sharp.
                       ... ............................................... .. ................................................ .. ........... …… ..
                      So if I leave right away, I'll be on time.
Ms:                I doubt it, sir.
                     The station is 20 minutes on foot from here.
                      ... ............................................... .. ................................................ .. ....................
                      You may miss your train while walking.
                      I advise you to take a taxi.
M .:               Thank you Madam. Hey taxi!

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Grammatical exploitation: The relative pronoun
                               This is my favorite dish to eat in winter.
                               It  is a region which is very mountainous.
Use compound relative pronouns to describe these images.

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Describe the characters depicted in terms of their specific characteristics

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..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

You ask a friend to go and wait for two people at the train station or at the airport.
Describe the two people your friend should expect.

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..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Example: I see a bird singing.
I see a bird that I hear singing.

The relative pronoun which
1. Make a single sentence with the pronoun qui.


I'm reading a book. He talks about travel.                                      I'm reading a book about travel.
• She is listening to a song.   This song is about love.
• Here are Patrick and Laure.  They live in Liège.
• You are watching a movie.   It tells a true story.
• I saw a show.   It lasts three hours.
• Let me introduce you to my friends.   They work in Canada.


2. Make sentences with the relative pronoun who. What are these animals doing?
             an owl / seeing at night                          An owl is an animal that sees at night.
1.a cow / give milk
2.a bear / sleeping in winter
3.a sheep / give wool
4.a monkey / living in the trees
5.a turtle / carry his house on his back

3. Complete as in the example.


                        The conductor is a person who conducts a musical ensemble.
                          bake bread - drive a car - read the future - treat the sick
1. The baker is a person …………………………………………………
2. The clairvoyant is a person ……………………………………………………
3. The driver is a person ………………………………………………….
4. The nurse is a person ……………………………………………………


                        The metro is a means of transport that circulates in a tunnel.
                       floats on water - rides on the roads - on two wheels - flies
1. The boat is a means of transport ……………………………………
2. The airplane is a means of transport ……………………………………….
3. The car is a means of transport ……………………………………
4. The bicycle is a means of transport …………………………………

The relative pronoun that


1. Make a single sentence with that or that.


                    I don't know the people. You are looking for these people.
                    = I don't know the people you are looking for.
1. Who is this person? You look at this person.
.................................................. .................................................. ............................................
2. Who is the little boy? She kisses this little boy.
.................................................. .................................................. ............................................
3. I met the people. He's waiting for these people.
.................................................. .................................................. ............................................
4. In this film, there is an actress. You love this actress.
.................................................. .................................................. ............................................
5. He's a singer. I often listen to this singer.
.................................................. .................................................. ............................................

2. Put in order. Start with the capital letter.
friends / frequent / I / them / you / don't / support / that / not
.................................................. .................................................. .......................................
perfume / He / put / you / hate / the / that
.................................................. .................................................. .......................................
that / you / dresses / like / wear / them / don’t / I /?
.................................................. .................................................. .......................................
music / not / that / listen / support / They / you / the / do

.................................................. .................................................. .......................................

3. Choose between who and that / that.
Hello, I am your neighbor!
1. I live in the apartment .......................... is right in front of you.
2. I present to you Mr. Martin ...................... replaces our guardian, ill in this moment.
3. There you have Madame Martin ...................... taking care of the cleaning of the building.
4. So the little garden ...................... you see there belongs to the inhabitants of the building.
5. In the neighborhood, we also have the Parc des Sapins ...................... you know perhaps.
6. The mail arrives around 9am and there is a postman ...................... comes specially for packages.
7. The small grocery store ...................... is at the corner of the street and stays open until 11 p.m.
8. To go to the city center, you have buses ...................... pass every quarter of an hour.
9. If there are still questions ...................... you ask yourself, you ask me, well sure !
10. You know, this is really a neighborhood ...................... we are happy to discover!

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CHAPTER 8: The human body and medicine
The vocabulary of the human body

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Expressing pain or sensations

I am hot.
I have fever.
I have nausea.
I'm cold.
I have pain:                                                    head / throat
                                                                        by ear
                                                                        back / stomach
                                                                        to the feet / teeth

Where do they hurt? Look at the pictures and say what
they will tell their doctor.

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Put the relevant contracted item

1) I went to the doctor because I have had ___________ fever for 2 days.
2) Marie had a really ___________ headache, so she left.
3) He told me he had a ___________ stomach ache.
4) We are going to ___________ hospital tonight.
5) Last night Thomas fell and hurt ___________ back.

Associate images with actions

1. Give an injection
2. Give medicine
3. Cough
4. Give a prescription
5. Take the blood pressure

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When

Put the replicas in order to piece together the dialogue

What are the doctor's advice for each situation? Combine the two columns

1) To lower fever                                       a) Eat healthy and exercise.
2) For the flu                                             b) Take herbal teas or honey.
3) For stress                                              c) Take vitamin C and get some rest.
4) For cholesterol problems                   d) Drink lots of water and take a drug.
5) To calm the cough                               e) Do breathing exercises and start yoga.

The doctor's visit
Luc and Sarah have to go to the doctor for a check-up. Nicolas accompanies his parents because his knee hurts. In the doctor's waiting room they find lots of brochures and health magazines.

Doctor:             The next one!
                          Hello. What can I do
                         for you ?
Luc:                  My wife and I are here
                         for a health check.
                         Nicolas has knee pain.
Doctor:            Let's take a look at this knee first. What happened and you're in pain
                        or exactly ?
Nicolas:           I fell during a football match. This is where it hurts.
Doctor:           Hmm ... I feel the muscle is very tight. I prescribe a ointment and I put a                                bandage. And now for the parents. Nicolas you can wait in the waiting                                  room. Goodbye !
Nicolas:          Not too fast, I hope.
Doctor:           I start with a blood test to check the blood cholesterol, sugar levels, etc.                               Then I will do an exam general.
                       Do you have special questions?
Sarah:             Yeah, is it possible to have a flu shot, please?
                       And I'm a little worried. I often have a heartbeat.
Doctor:          No problem. I give you the shot and I do a check extra heart....
Doctor:          There you go, that's it. I don't hear anything special, ma'am. I believe that
                       it’s stress. Try to stay calm and we'll see. If it's necessary, you come back                               and  I give you tablets. I you  gives the prescription for Nicolas.
Luc:                How much do I owe you?
Doctor:          € 54 s.v.p.
Luc:               Here. Thank you and goodbye !
Doctor:         Goodbye!


Understanding: Who suffers from what?
1) Nicolas
2) Sarah
3) Luke

Lexical exercise: let's translate together

1. I am in good health.
________________________________________________________________________
2. I have liver pain.
________________________________________________________________________
3. He's suffering with the kidneys.
________________________________________________________________________
4. The doctor writes a prescription.
________________________________________________________________________
5. I am almost healed.
________________________________________________________________________
6. Speedy recovery!
________________________________________________________________________
7. The children have an ear infection.
________________________________________________________________________
8. Again she has a throat infection.
________________________________________________________________________
9. I have chills, a cold and a fever.
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________

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Match words to their definition


plaster - injury - pain - accident - cut


a) Unexpected event causing bodily injury or material damage.
b) Distressing condition produced by physical illness.
c) Casting to allow reconstruction of broken bones.
d) Separation or division made by cutting into a body.
e) Wound or fracture produced by a blow or shock.

Answer the question as in the example


What happened ?              Example: (I - hurt)
                                                              I hurt myself).
1. (he - cut)
2. (her - break your nose)
3. (I - hurt)
4. (I - make it burn)
5. (us - hurt)

The vocabulary of health and disease


1. Write the opposite of the words in italics.
    1. When I visited her in the hospital, she looked good.
    2. I have the impression that since this operation, Grandfather is not doing well.
    3. She had a painful childbirth.


2. What do you call the person who ...
1. made operations?                            It's a ……………………………………….
2. heal teeth?                                        It's a ……………………………………….
3. operates a pharmacy?                     It's a ……………………………………….
4. treat the sick under the direction of doctors?
                                                               It's a ……………………………………….
5. is undergoing medical treatment?  It's a ……………………………………….
6. do drugs?                                          It's a ……………………………………….
                                                                        ...........................................................
7. is a victim of a disability?                 It's a ……………………………………….
8. is visually impaired?                         It's a ……………………………………….
9. cannot perceive sounds?                 It's a ……………………………………….
10 can't speak?                                     It's a ...........................................................

3. Derive the name and use it in one of the sentences given.


VERB                                                                   NAME
process                                                            on ……………………………………………
treat                                                                the …………………………………&helli